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Edward Alfred Pollard, The lost cause; a new Southern history of the War of the Confederates ... Drawn from official sources and approved by the most distinguished Confederate leaders. 98 0 Browse Search
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ote of the Union. But upon the repeal of the Missouri Compromise, Abolitionism, in the guise of Republicanism, swept almost everything before it in the North and Northwest in the elections of 1854 and 1855; and in the Thirty-first Congress, Nathaniel Banks, an objectionable Abolitionist of the Massachusetts school, was elected to the speakership of the House. In the mean time, the language of the Kansas-Nebraska bill was the subject of no dispute. No one supposed that from this language th be dissolved, that they might be cleared, by the separation of North and South, of any implication in the crime of slavery. Even that portion of the party calling themselves Republicans, affected that the Union stood in the way of the North. Mr. Banks, speaker of the House in the Thirty-first Congress, was the author of the coarse jeer--Let the Union slide ; and the New York Tribune had complained that the South could not be kicked out of the Union. --We shall see in the light of subsequent
ore remarkable phenomenon in the whole history of the war than the display of fully awakened Northern energy in it, alike wonderful in the ingenuity of its expedients and in the concentrated force of its action. At every stage of the war the North adopted the best means for securing specific results. It used the popularity of Fremont to bring an army into the field. It combined with the science of McClellan, Buell, and Halleck, such elements of popularity as could be found in the names of Banks, Butler, and Baker. It patronized the great ship-brokers and ship-owners of New York to create a navy. The world was to be astonished soon to find the North more united than ever in the prosecution of the contest, and the proportions of the war so swollen as to cover with its armies and its navies the frontiers of half a continent. While these immense preparations were in progress in the North, and while the South indulged its dreams of confidence, there was a natural pause of large and
ing columns upon the Confederate States. It became necessary to anticipate them. Brigadier-General Zollicoffer, of Tennessee, on the 14th of September, occupied the mountain passes at Cumberland, and the three long mountains in Harlan and Knox Counties, Kentucky, through which an invading column of Federals had been threatening for weeks to march from Hoskins' Cross-roads. And on the 3d of September Gen. Leonidas Polk advanced with part of his forces, and took possession of Hickman, Chalk Banks, and the town of Columbus, ill Kentucky. The position of the Legislature of Kentucky, and Gov. Magoffin, that Gen. Polk's occupation of Columbus was an act of invasion of their State, and violated its neutrality, was absurd. The enemy had chosen to make his battle-ground there, and to erect there the signs of armed contest; and the Confederates had, of course, the right to confront him on any line of operations he indicated. The Federal Government had disregarded the neutrality of Kentu
f terrible interest and fearful romance. In September, Jackson had been made a Major-General, and in the early part of October he was assigned to the command of the Confederate forces in and around Winchester. About this time the famous Col. Turner Ashby, with his own regiment and other cavalry detachments, making a total of some twelve hundred horse, was watching the river-front from Harper's Ferry to Romney. In December the enemy were strongly posted at Romney and Bath southwards; and Banks, with his whole army being north of the Potomac, it was evident that some great movement was in contemplation, which prudence demanded should be watched by a strong force. A large part of Gen. Loring's command, after a march of two hundred and sixty miles, joined Gen. Jackson at Winchester. He was now at the head of about nine thousand men; and on the first day of January, 1862, with a portion of his force he marched from Winchester. It was the object of Jackson to surprise the Federa
nks Surprises his rear-guard at front Royal. Banks' race to Winchester. scenes of retreat through Winchester. Banks' quick time to the Potomac. extent of Jackson's success. fruits of two days the Shenandoah Valley, passing rapidly between Banks and Shields, and giving them the idea that he Gen. Shields had been left at Winchester by Banks with a division and some cavalry, and commande Fredericksburg. They included the troops of Banks and Shields in the Shenandoah Valley, and thos destroyed. At the first shock of the action, Banks had his army in motion from Strasburg; he fear pursuit to Winchester. On the 24th of May, Banks' army, in frantic retreat, entered the streetsof unrestrained disorder, fury, and cowardice, Banks' army passed out of the ancient town, where thf Jackson's two days operations were immense. Banks had escaped with the loss of all the material lue of Federal official documents on reading Gen. Banks' report of the events we have related. The [7 more...]
hreatens McClellan's communications. battle of Cedar Run. Banks again deceived by Jackson. a rapid and severe engagement. command of the movement thence upon Richmond when joined by Banks, Shields, and Fremont, but whose hopes had been destroyed bn. Pope's army was at Culpepper Court-House. The forces of Banks and Sigel, and one of the divisions of McDowell's corps, had been concentrated there; Banks' corps being pushed forward five miles south of the town. Gen. Jackson, who was anxious to arcely been any demonstration beyond that of artillery. Gen. Banks, about this time, sent word to Pope, who was at Culpeppes again to be deceived by his wily and vigorous adversary. Banks' courier had but just started, when an advance of the Federmost rapid and severe engagements of the war. The attack of Banks had failed; his centre and left were irreparably broken; an Jackson remained in position, and, becoming satisfied that Banks had been reinforced, proceeded to bury the dead, and collec
, a shot tore off her rudder, and another went crushing through the machinery. She drifted aground on the right bank of the river. She was being rapidly torn to pieces by shot from the batteries, when her commander abandoned her. Lightened by the departure of the crew, and influenced by the current, she floated off, stern foremost, down the river, in a sheet of flame, exploding her magazine, and sinking near Providence Island. The enterprise against Port Hudson had proved a failure, and Gen. Banks, who was advancing from Baton Rouge to take part in the anticipated siege, was content to march back again. So far the Confederate strongholds on the Mississippi had bid defiance to the foe, and months of costly preparation for their reduction had been spent in vain. But after Sherman's repulse from Vicksburg some compensation was sought in an easier enterprise, and McClernand, who succeeded him in command, organized an expedition of two corps d'armee, and a fleet of three iron-clads,
rd which might have been dropped in an obscure quarrel was yet to carve out the most brilliant name in the war. The fame of Jackson was first secured, and permanently erected in the popular heart, by his splendid and ever-memorable campaign in the valley of Virginia, in the spring of 1862. In that campaign, as we have seen, in the period of three weeks, he fought four battles; recovered Winchester; captured four thousand prisoners; secured several million dollars' worth of stores; chased Banks' army out of Virginia and across the Potomac, and accomplished a list of deeds that threw the splendour of sunlight over the fortunes of the Confederacy, and broke, at the critical moment, the heaviest shadows of defeat and misfortune that had so far befallen them. In the Seven Days Battles the name of Jackson again rose like a star. And yet it was to gather new effulgence, when the names of Second Manassas and the Wilderness were to be inscribed, alike on the banners of the Confederacy an
in the Lafourche country. his successes neutralized by the fall of Vicksburg and Port Hudson. Banks returns to New Orleans and the enemy holds the entire line of the Mississippi The object of t and the consequent supremacy of the Federal arms along the entire length of the Mississippi. Gen. Banks had invested this place; he had made two assaults on the 27th May and on the 14th June; and he a campaign auspiciously begun in Lower Louisiana was abandoned in consequence of the release of Banks' forces from the siege of Port Hudson. To these events we must now take the reader so as to gatt the capture of Brashear City might force the enemy to raise the siege of Port Hudson, and that Banks would be driven to the choice of abandoning his operations against this place or losing New Orleo late; and Gen. Taylor, learning of the fall of these strongholds and the consequent release of Banks' forces, was no longer able to hold the Lafourche country, and was compelled to abandon the ter
man's adventure. the Red River expedition. Gen. Banks' designs upon Texas. the Confederate commanrge spoils of the Confederates. the extent of Banks' disaster. termination of his vision of empir to Memphis. The Red River expedition. Gen. Banks, the Federal commander, had remained for som Texas troops. About the middle of March, Gen. Banks commenced his advance up Red River; and abourection of Shreveport, intending to unite with Banks at that point, and to assist in capturing the miles, and reached their camp after dark. Gen. Banks was marching his army by brigades, with intee party attacked. He expected that as soon as Banks' forces came up they would attack him, as theyt side, in the timber. The advance-guard of Gen. Banks discovering that the Confederates had haltedlleled cowardice and crime. Along the line of Banks' march but few sugar-houses, cotton gins, or eheir left, and their arms on their backs. Gen. Banks, instead of winning laurels, and harvesting [1 more...]
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