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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 37 1 Browse Search
The Daily Dispatch: September 17, 1861., [Electronic resource] 2 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Barney, Joshua, 1759- (search)
Barney, Joshua, 1759- Naval officer; born in Baltimore, Md., July 6, 1759. Inclined to a seafaring life, he went to sea in his early youth: and when he was only a severe action with a British brig, in which his commander was wounded, young Barney brought her into port. Soon afterwards he was made a prisoner, but was speedilped massacre by the blacks. His vessel was captured by an English cruiser, but Barney recaptured her from the prize crew. He was again captured by an English cruisend cargo were condemned. In 1794 he went with Monroe to France, and bore Joshua Barney. the American flag to the National Convention (see Monroe, James). He was ae joined General Winder in the defence of Washington (Bladensburg, Battle of.). Barney was severely wounded (Aug. 24, 1814) near Bladensburg, and made a prisoner. To voted him a sword, and the legislature of Georgia their thanks. In May, 1815, Barney was sent on a mission to Europe, but suffering from his wound caused him to ret
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bladensburg, battle of. (search)
most, to do as he pleased in defending the capital. Com. Joshua Barney was in command of a flotilla in the bay, composed ofommander, Gen. Robert Ross, boasted that he would wipe out Barney's fleet and dine in Washington the next Sunday. The boast very effectual. Meanwhile the British, who had pursued Barney up the Patuxent in barges, were disappointed. Seeing no ct his headquarters. When General Ross arrived, perceiving Barney's flotilla to be a smoking ruin, he passed on to upper Marnts watching the movements of the British, with the men of Barney's flotilla, were about 7,000 strong, of whom 900 were enlipersed. The British still pressed on and encountered Commodore Barney and his gallant flotilla-men. After a desperate strue was severely wounded, Winder ordered a general retreat. Barney was too badly hurt to be removed, and was taken prisoner. , with 100 cavalry. The regular army contributed 300 men; Barney's flotilla, 400. There were 120 marines from the Washingt
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), McHenry, Fort (search)
ngton and Babcock's Battery. In the rear of these, upon high ground, was an unfinished circular redoubt for seven guns, and on Lazzaretto Point, opposite Fort McHenry, was a small battery. This and Fort Covington were in charge of officers of Barney's flotilla. Such were Fort McHenry and its supporters on the morning of Sept. 12, when the British fleet, under Admiral Cochrane, consisting of sixteen heavy vessels, five of them bomb-ships, had made full preparations for the bombardment of thepanies of volunteers from the city of Baltimore, under the command of Captains Berry and Pennington; a company of United States artillery, under Captain Evans; a company of volunteer artillerists, led by Judge Joseph H. Nicholson; a detachment of Barney's flotilla, under Lieutenant Redman, and detachments of regulars, 600 strong, furnished by General Winder, and under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Stewart and Major Lane. The garrison Ruins of battery at Fort McHenry. was exposed to a trem
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Maryland, State of. (search)
with which to defend the capital. The call for the militia was tardily answered, for they feared the loss of their slaves if the masters should leave the plantations. There was widespread alarm over Maryland and Virginia. At that juncture Commodore Barney, with an armed schooner and fifteen barges, was in the Patuxent River, near its mouth. He fled up the stream to avoid attack by British vessels. The latter landed a strong force, under General Ross, and pushed on towards Washington. Winder issued stirring appeals for the militia to turn out, and asked General Smith, of Baltimore, to turn out his brigade. The British pursued Barney and caused the destruction of his flotilla. Pressing on towards the capital, they were met by troops under Winder at Bladensburg, when a severe engagement ensued, which resulted in vietory for the invaders. Then they marched on Washington, set fire to its public buildings, and gave the town up to plunder. Only the Patent Office building was saved.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Stewart, Charles 1778-1869 (search)
Stewart, Charles 1778-1869 Naval officer; born in Philadelphia, Pa., July 28, 1778; was the youngest of eight children, and lost his father when he was two years old. At the age of thirteen he entered the merchant service as a cabin-boy, and rose rapidly to be commander of an Indiaman. In 1798 he was commissioned a lieutenant in the navy, making his first cruise with Captain Barney. In 1800 he was ap- Charles Stewart, aged eighty-six. pointed to the command of the schooner Experiment, and fought and captured the French schooner Deux Amis Sept. 1. Soon afterwards he captured the Diana (Sept. 14), besides recapturing a number of American vessels which had been taken by French privateers. In the war with Tripoli, Stewart was distinguished for skill and bravery, and was Decatur's favorite. In May, 1804, he was made master-commandant and placed in command of the frigate Essex. He was promoted to captain in 1806, and was employed in superintending the construction of gunboats a
The Daily Dispatch: September 17, 1861., [Electronic resource], Arrest of a former Marylander in Philadelphia. (search)
g the same name with the prisoner, commanded the American troops at the rout of Bladensburg, and was accused of cowardice when the capital was captured and desolated by Cockburn and Ross. He died in 1824, and was honored with an immense funeral pageant. Brigadier General John H. Winder, the prisoner's brother, resigned from the United States army some months ago, and joined the Confederates. He graduated at West Point in 1820, in the same class with A. J. Donelson, D. D. Tompkins, and Joshua Barney. He was promoted from rank to rank, at one time resigning, and at another detailed as assistant professor of infantry tactics at West Point. He was breveted Major in 1847, for gallant and meritorious conduct at the battles of Contreras and Churubusco. At the time of his resignation he was Brevet Colonel of Artillery. The Inquirer says the brother of Mr. W. is the owner of the "Winder Building," in Washington, and that the Government pays a rent of $25,000 per annum for it.