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the good and loyal women. There were innumerable cases where only a woman could minister to the unfortunate; hence almost every post has auxiliaries in the persons of noble women who do as much as the members of the posts for the helpless and indigent. In 1883, at the national encampment of the Grand Army, held at Denver, Colorado, such glorious women as Florence Barker, of Massachusetts; Kate B. Sherwood, of Ohio; Annie Wittenmyer, of Pennsylvania; Mrs. L. A. Turner, of Massachusetts; Clara Barton; and a score of others organized the Woman's Relief Corps as auxiliary to the Grand Army of the Republic. Since the time of the organization of this corps, the parent society has had to look well to its honors, as these noble women have raised and distributed their hundreds of thousands of dollars; built homes for the indigent widows, mothers, and daughters of ex-soldiers, and in all respects have performed heroic benevolent service. They have borne upon their rolls the names of gifted
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 3., Chapter 22: prisoners.-benevolent operations during the War.--readjustment of National affairs.--conclusion. (search)
the prisoners might have drank and bathed as much as they pleased. Report of an Expedition to Andersonville, by Miss Clara Barton, for the purpose of identifying and marking the graves of the dead prisoners there. The labors of that remarkable remainder of the confinement of the prisoners there It was a fountain of unspeakable blessings from the hand of God. Miss Barton, in her Narrative, says, it broke out from the solid ground. near the foot of the northern slope, just under the westscribed the name of the occupant, his rank, regiment, and company, and the date and cause of his death. By this means Miss Barton, and Government officers sent for the purpose, were enabled to identify the graves of nearly every dead soldier there. Mr. Atwater accompanied Miss Barton on her visit to the Andersonville prisoner-pen. It was pleaded, in extenuation, that the Confederates had not the means for feeding the Union prisoners, and that the lack of food for them was caused by its g
g its supplies, chloroform, brandy, and other stimulants; condensed milk, beef-stock, bandages, surgeon's silk, and other articles of pressing need. A telegram from the inspector or relief agent on the spot to the nearest branch, demanding Clara Barton—a war-time photograph by Brady Before the Civil War was over, Clara Barton's name had come to mean mercy and help for the wounded in war and peace alike. In the Civil War she took part in the relief work on the battlefields, described at lClara Barton's name had come to mean mercy and help for the wounded in war and peace alike. In the Civil War she took part in the relief work on the battlefields, described at length in the last chapter of this volume, and organized the search for missing men, for the carrying on of which Congress voted $15,000. She was active throughout the Franco-Prussian War, in the adoption of the Treaty of Geneva, in the founding of the National Red Cross in the United States, and in the Spanish-American War. Even later, in spite of advancing years, she appeared as a rescuing angel, bringing practical aid with sympathy to sufferers from the calamities of fire, flood, and famine.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Barton, Clara, 1830- (search)
Barton, Clara, 1830- Philanthropist; born in Oxford, Mass., in 1830; was educated in Clinton, N. Y. Her early life was devoted to teaching. In 1854 she became a clerk in the Patent Office in Washington, resigning in 1861, and undertaking the Clara Barton. nursing of sick and wounded soldiers of the army. In 1864 General Butler made her head nurse of the hospitals in the Army of the James. Later she was given charge by President Lincoln of the search organized to find missing Union solClara Barton. nursing of sick and wounded soldiers of the army. In 1864 General Butler made her head nurse of the hospitals in the Army of the James. Later she was given charge by President Lincoln of the search organized to find missing Union soldiers, and in 1865 went to Andersonville to mark the graves of Northern soldiers who had died there. When the Franco-Prussian War broke out (1870), she assisted in preparing military hospitals, and also aided the Red Cross Society. In 1871, after the siege of Strasburg, she superintended, by request of the authorities, the distribution of work to the poor, and in 1872 performed a similar work in Paris. For her services she was decorated with the Golden Cross of Baden and the Iron Cross of Ger
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Blanco, Ramon Y Arenas, 1833- (search)
aleriano Weyler (q. v.) as governor-general of Cuba. One of his earliest acts after assuming authority there was a reluctant acquiescence in the desire of the people of the United States, as expressed by their Congress, to provide the reconcentrados with food, clothing, and medical supplies. President McKinley appointed a Central Cuban Relief Committee to raise funds for purchasing the various articles needed, and these were forwarded to the island and distributed under the direction of Clara Barton. When the Maine was blown up in the harbor of Havana, Blanco summoned the troops and firemen of the city to aid in the rescue of the survivors, and expressed Ramon Y Arenas Blanco. strong regrets on the appalling disaster. After the United States made the declaration of war, he assumed command of all troops and military operations on the island. It has been stated that it was by his imperative commands, supported by orders from Madrid, of a similar tenor, that Admiral Cervera (q. v
were made public, but they did not meet with favor. In October, 1897, General Weyler was succeeded as governor-general by Marshal Blanco Y Arenas (q. v.), who immediately began a more humane regime, granted many pardons, and undertook relief measures for the thousands of Weyler's reconcentrados who were starving in the interior. So great did the distress become during that year that President McKinley appointed a central Cuban relief committee to raise funds for the sufferers. Later Clara Barton, president of the American Red Cross Association, went to the island, with the consent of the Spanish government, and supervised the distribution of needed supplies. When Señor Sagasta became prime minister for Spain, a new policy of dealing with the trouble in Cuba was attempted. He declared that autonomy under the suzerainty of Spain would be given to the island. Accordingly, when Marshal Blanco arrived in Havana, he issued a proclamation to the inhabitants announcing that he had bee
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Red cross, American National (search)
rnational convention at Geneva, Switzerland, Aug. 22, 1864, and since signed by nearly all civilized nations, including the United States, which gave its adhesion by act of Congress March 1, 1882; ratified by the Congress of Berne, June 9, 1882; proclaimed by President Arthur July 26, 1882; headquarters, Washington, D. C. The officers of the American organization are: Board of Consultation—The President of the United States and members of the cabinet. In 1900 the executive officers were: Clara Barton, president; Brainard H. Warren, first vice-president; Stephen E. Barton, second vice-president; Ellen S. Mussey, third vice-president; Walter P. Phillips, general secretary; William J. Flather, treasurer. The board of control consists of fifteen members, whose names are, in addition to the above officers: Mr. Samuel M. Jarvis, Dr. Joseph Gardner, Mrs. J. Ellen Foster, Mr. H. B. F. MacFarland, Mr. Abraham C. Kaufman, Gen. Daniel Hastings, Mrs. James Tanner, Col. W. H. Michel. See Barton,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
is abandoned and sinks......June 12, 1881 Steam-whaler Rodgers despatched from San Francisco by the Navy Department in search of the Jeannette......June 15, 1881 Secretary Blaine writes to American ministers at principal European courts that any movement to jointly guarantee the neutrality of the interoceanic canal at Panama would be regarded by the United States as an uncalled — for interference......June 24, 1881 American Association of the Red Cross, organized June 9, with Miss Clara Barton as president, incorporated......July 1, 1881 President Garfield shot by Charles Jules Guiteau in the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad station at Washington, D. C.......July 2, 1881 Lieut. Adolphus W. Greely, with a party of twenty-five in all, sails from St. John's, Newfoundland, in the Proteus to establish one of thirteen circumpolar stations for scientific purposes in accordance with European plans......July 7, 1881 Warner Miller, of New York, elected to Senate to succeed Plat
ine, has seen a notice in the paper that Miss Clara Barton of Washington will receive inquiries froout fee or reward. She forthwith writes to Miss Barton that she is anxious to gain tidings of her ston, and other Rebel prisons of the South, Miss Barton ascertained that Dorrance Atwater, a young copy his roll, and on the representation of Miss Barton that no time should be lost in putting up hry and place head-boards to the graves; and Miss Barton was requested by the Secretary of War to acith suitable head-boards. On their return, Miss Barton resumed her duties, and Captain Moore causence was immediately carried into effect. Miss Barton felt that this whole charge, trial and sentis roll of the Andersonville dead, to which Miss Barton.prefixed a narrative of the expedition to Aon passed both houses by a unanimous vote. Miss Barton still continues her good work, and has beenes as lying in unknown graves. In person Miss Barton is about of medium height, her form and fig
Oliver Otis Howard, Autobiography of Oliver Otis Howard, major general , United States army : volume 2, Chapter 70: D. L. Moody on board the Spree; Spanish War, 1898; Lincoln Memorial University; conclusion (search)
met our fleet under the command of Admiral Sampson. He very kindly sent me on a little steamer, the Vixen, commanded by Captain Sharp (a nephew of General Grant), to Santiago de Cuba. I next passed after arrival to the transport steamer Comal, which was fastened to the dock in the inner harbor. From this ship I had a clear view of many streets of Santiago. Here I saw crowds of Cubans, wretched, impoverished, and almost blind with starvation, working their way to get at the food which Clara Barton had been providing for them. Touching the work of the Y. M. C. A. Christiaa Commission I wrote: We rejoice indeed at what was done and only regret that it was so limited. Mr. Howland and I came back on the Yucatan as far as the Tampa quarantine station, then we went on board the Seguranga, where there were at least 200 sick people. Every available place in the social hall held a sick man, bolstered by his knapsack. The majority were afflicted with severe malarial fever. It was dif
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