e shall abuse the trust confided to him, I shall be found as ready and determined as any other man to arrest him in his wrong courses, and to seek redress of our grievances by any and all proper means.
Delaware had, in 1858, chosen William Burton (Democrat) for Governor by 7,758 votes to 7,544 for his Opposition rival; Democracy in Delaware being almost exclusively based on Slavery, and having at length carried the State by its aid. The great body of the party, under the lead of Senator James A. Bayard, had supported Breckinridge, and were still in sympathy with his friends' view of Southern rights, but not to the extent of approving South Carolina remedies.
Their Legislature met at Dover, January 2, 1861. Gov. Burton, in his Message, said:
The cause of all the trouble is the persistent war of the Abolitionists upon more than two billions of property; a war waged from pulpits, rostrums, and schools, by press and people — all teaching that Slavery is a crime and a sin, until i
i, and John Slidell, of Louisiana, were among the most fierce for Secession.
Messrs. Jefferson Davis, of Mississippi, and James M. Mason, of Virginia, favored further efforts, or, at least, further waiting, for conciliation.
Messrs. Crittenden, Bayard, and several other Border-State Senators, more earnestly urged this course.
Monday, December 9th, being resolution day in the House, was signalized by the broaching of several new devices for saving the Union.
Mr. John Sherman, of Ohio, suggthony, Baker, Bingham, Cameron, Chandler, Clark, Collamer, Dixon, Doolittle, Durkee, Fessenden, Foot, Foster, Grimes, Hale, Harlan, King, Seward, Simmons, Sumner, Ten Eyck, Trumbull, Wade, Wilkinson, and Wilson-25 [all Republicans].
Nays.--Messrs. Bayard, Bigler, Bragg, Bright, Clingman, Crittenden, Fitch, Green, Gwin, Hunter, Johnson, of Tennessee, Kennedy, Lane, of Oregon, Mason, Nicholson, Pearce, Polk, Powell, Pugh, Rice, Saulsbury, and Sebastian-23 [all Democrats, but two Bell-Conservati
te returned to the consideration of the Crittenden proposition, for which Mr. Clark's proposition, already given,
See page 382. was again offered as a substitute, and voted down: Yeas 14; Nays 22.
Finally, Mr. Crittenden moved that the Peace Conference proposition be substituted for his own original project of conciliation; which the Senate refused, by the following vote:
Yeas--Messrs. Crittenden, Douglas, Harlan, Johnson, of Tennessee, Kennedy, Morrill, and Thomson-7.
Nays--Messrs. Bayard, Bigler, Bingham, Bright, Chandler, Clark, Dixon, Fessenden, Foot, Foster, Grimes, Gwin, Hunter, Lane, Latham, Mason, Nicholson, Polk, Pugh, Rice, Sebastian, Sumner, Ten Eyck, Trumbull, Wade, Wigfall, Wilkinson, and Wilson--28.
So the Senate, by four to one, disposed of the scheme of the Peace Commissioners, and proceeded to vote, directly thereafter, on Mr. Crittenden's original proposition, which was defeated-Yeas 19, Nays 20-as has been stated.
The proceedings of the Peace Conf
f the President's purpose.
Are we to have coercion and civil war, or concession and peace?.
was the burden of their inquiries.
Messrs. T. L. Clingman,
Mr. Clingman offered the following resolution:
Resolved, That, in the opinion of the Senate, it is expedient that the President withdraw all Federal troops from the States of South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Texas, and Louisiana, and abstain from all attempts to collect revenue in these States. of North Carolina, Bayard, of Delaware, and Breckinridge,
Mr. Breckinridge finally offered the following resolution; action on which — together with that of Mr. Clingman--was precluded by the adjournment of the Senate:
Resolved, That the Senate recommend and advise the removal of the United States troops from the limits of the Confederate States. of Kentucky, who were all three close allies in the past of the Confederate chiefs, and two of them, since, open participants in the Rebellion, were prominent and per
e, each and all of them, expelled from the Senate of the United States.
Messrs. Bayard, of Del., and Latham, of Cal., sought to have this so modified as merely toresolve: Yeas 31 Republicans and McDougall, of Cal.,--in all, 32;
Nays--Messrs. Bayard, Breckinridge, Bright, Johnson, of Mo., Johnson, of Tenn., Latham, Nesmith,g forth their appointment by Gov. Pierpont to fill the existing vacancies.
Messrs. Bayard and Saulsbury, of Del., strenuously resisted their admission — the former w Latham, of Cal., Trumbull, of Ill., Collamer, of Vt., and Ten Eyck, of N. J. Mr. Bayard's motion to refer was voted down: Yeas--Messrs. Bayard, Bright, Polk, Powell,Messrs. Bayard, Bright, Polk, Powell, and Saulsbury; Nays 35: And Messrs. Carlile and Willey were then sworn in and took their seats.
On motion of Mr. F. P. Blair, the House this day expelled John B.
Mr. Johnson's proposition was rejected by the following vote:
Yeas--Messrs. Bayard, Breckinridge, Bright, Johnson, of Mo., Latham, Pearce, Polk, Powell, and S
s from the Dem. Convention at Charleston, 314.
Bartow, Gen., killed at Bull Run, 543; 545.
Bates, Edward, of Mo., 247; in the Chicago Convention, 321; in President Lincoln's Cabinet, 423.
Baton Rouge, La., Arsenal seized at, 412; 490.
Bayard, James A., (father,) 107.
Bayard, James A., (son,) 315; presides at the Seceders' Convention, 317, on Secession, 350; 437; 562.
Beaufort, S. C., captured by Federals, 605.
Beauregard, Gen. G. P. T., 442; demands the surrender of Fort SumBayard, James A., (son,) 315; presides at the Seceders' Convention, 317, on Secession, 350; 437; 562.
Beaufort, S. C., captured by Federals, 605.
Beauregard, Gen. G. P. T., 442; demands the surrender of Fort Sumter, 443; proclamation by, 534; commands the Rebels at Bull Run, 539; his official report, 541 to 546; 551.
Beckwith, Major, at Lexington, Mo., 588.
Bedford, Pa., fugitive-slave arrests near, 216.
Bee, Gen., (Rebel,) killed at Bull Run, 543; 545.
Bell, John, his election to Congress, in 1827, aided by negro votes, 179; 207; nominated for President, 319; 325; 482; vote cast for him in Ky., 492.
Bell, Joshua F., of Ky., 338.
Belmont, Mo., battle of, 594 to 597; The Chicago Journa