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General Joseph E. Johnston, Narrative of Military Operations During the Civil War 41 5 Browse Search
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 4. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.) 33 1 Browse Search
Edward Porter Alexander, Military memoirs of a Confederate: a critical narrative 31 1 Browse Search
An English Combatant, Lieutenant of Artillery of the Field Staff., Battlefields of the South from Bull Run to Fredericksburgh; with sketches of Confederate commanders, and gossip of the camps. 22 0 Browse Search
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1. 20 4 Browse Search
Comte de Paris, History of the Civil War in America. Vol. 1. (ed. Henry Coppee , LL.D.) 16 0 Browse Search
John Dimitry , A. M., Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 10.1, Louisiana (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 15 1 Browse Search
Joseph T. Derry , A. M. , Author of School History of the United States; Story of the Confederate War, etc., Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 6, Georgia (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 15 1 Browse Search
Lt.-Colonel Arthur J. Fremantle, Three Months in the Southern States 14 14 Browse Search
Oliver Otis Howard, Autobiography of Oliver Otis Howard, major general , United States army : volume 1 14 0 Browse Search
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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 1. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Diary of Robert E. Park, Macon, Georgia, late Captain Twelfth Alabama regiment, Confederate States army. (search)
assas, but reached there only in time to go over the battle-field after the fierce conflict was over. I saw hundreds of Brooklyn Zouaves, in their gay red breeches and gaudily trimmed coats, lying lifeless where they had been slain. Also saw the noble steed of the heroic Bartow lying near the spot where his master fell. Soon after General Beauregard raised his hat, and, in grateful acknowledgment of their splendid valor, exclaimed, I salute the gallant Eighth Georgia! The places where General Bee fell and General Jackson won his immortal soubriquet of Stonewall were not far distant. We spent the night near a mill on the river, three miles from Strasburg. * * * * * * * * * * * * July 24th Suddenly summoned to leave our picket-post for Winchester, marching very rapidly, forming line of battle near Kernstown, and moving quickly after the enemy through Winchester and five miles beyond, being in less than half mile of the routed and flying Yankees almost the whole time. They
regiment. Numbers, however, began to tell, and Bee, who commanded the Alabamians and, Mississippiasippi, and four guns of Imboden's battery under Bee — a total of six guns and five regiments against slowly down towards the Red House Ford, where Bee's Mississippians and Bartow's Alabamians were s a single one of ours, or rather parts of two. Bee led his men admirably. Again and again he formhe enemy's real plan; and our small force under Bee gradually fell back toward the Robinson House, Virginia Brigade had already arrived to succor Bee, and were ordered to lie down behind a bit of rnd, so as to form the centre of a new line when Bee retreated thus far. Riding up to Jackson, who, s horse like a statue, viewing the whole scene, Bee said: General, they are beating us back-we're othe bayonet! Riding hurriedly back to his men, Bee cheered them with encouraging words, saying: Los while driving the enemy through the open that Bee and Bartow, riding in advance of their commands
ed, it is not my province to speak of them here. Leaving the direction of affairs to those responsible for them, and with unbounded confidence in their ability, our men betook themselves to gayety on a small scale, or occupied their leisure hours in writing home; the daily mail occasionally weighing not less than one ton. Strangers poured into Manassas daily to see the sights, and carry off relics. Uniforms, arms, buttons, caps, and even skulls were seized with avidity, and where Bartow, Bee, Fisher, and other heroes had fallen, the woods were stripped of every branch that could be converted into a walking-stick or cane. The vitiated tastes and vulgar curiosity of these people were disgusting. Hundreds of non-combatants daily trudged through the mud from field to field, examining localities with intense curiosity and loquacious patriotism. Even when, during warm weather, the effluvia from graves and unburied matter was unbearable, these relic-mongers might be seen, hovering o
ure Lieutenant-General, the estimate of whose faculties by the gay young students may be imagined from their nickname for him, Fool Tom Jackson. In April, 186 , Fool Tom Jackson became Colonel of Virginia volunteers, and went to Harper's Ferry, soon afterwards fighting General Patterson at Falling Water, thence descending to Manassas. Here the small force-2,611 muskets — of Brigadier-General Jackson saved the day. Without them the Federal column would have flanked and routed Beauregard. Bee, forced back, shattered and overwhelmed, galloped up to Jackson and groaned out, General, they are beating us back! Jackson's set face did not move. Sir, he said, we will give them the bayonet. Without those 2,611 muskets that morning, good-by to Beauregard! In the next year came the Valley campaign; the desperate and most remarkable fight at Kernstown; the defeat and retreat of Banks from Strasburg and Winchester; the retreat, in turn, of his great opponent, timed with such mathematical
independent organization, belonging neither to Beauregard's Army of the Potomac nor to Johnston's Army of the Shenandoah. But there it was, as though dropped from the clouds, on the morning of that fiery twenty-first of July, 1861, amid the corn-fields of Manassas. It made its mark without loss of time-stretching out to Virginia that firm, brave hand of South Carolina. At ten o'clock in the morning, on this eventful day, the battle seemed lost to the Southerners. Evans was cut to pieces; Bee shattered and driven back in utter defeat to the Henry-House hill; between the victorious enemy and Beauregard's unprotected flank were interposed only the six hundred men of the Legion already up, and the two thousand six hundred and eleven muskets of Jackson not yet in position. The Legion occupied the Warrenton road near the Stone House, where it met and sustained with stubborn front the torrent dashed against it. General Keyes, with his division, attacked the six hundred from the direct
at famous twenty-first of July, the Southern army seemed completely flanked-Beauregard outgeneralled. McDowell had turned the Confederate left, and, driving Evans, Bee, and Bartow before him, seized on the Henry-House hill, the key of the whole position. Beauregard was four miles off, awaiting an advance of his right wing and cenops were still within the lines of Bull Run, and on the extreme left nothing but the two thousand six hundred and eleven muskets of Jackson, with a few companies of Bee, was interposed between the Southern troops and destruction. About thirty thousand men under General Hunter were advancing upon about three thousand-and to this critical point Beauregard now went at a swift gallop, with General Johnston. The scene which followed was a splendid exhibition of personal magnetism. Bee's men were routed; his ranks broken to pieces; the battalions which had breasted the torrent had been shattered by the weight of the huge wave, and were now scarcely more than a
Robert Lewis Dabney, Life and Commands of Lieutenand- General Thomas J. Jackson, Chapter 7: Manassas. (search)
extreme right. But the other two were those of Generals Bee and Jackson, and the heroism of these two was sustened towards it, sending forward a messenger to General Bee, who had already reinforced Evans, to encourage hadvanced to their assistance, he met the fragments of Bee's regiment sullenly retiring, while the heavy lines oine of battle, assuming the centre for himself, while Bee rallied his men in the rear, and then resumed his plaoden's battery, which had entered the action with General Bee's command, and gallantly maintained a perilous posked by them. On the right of Jackson's Brigade, General Bee placed the remains of the forces which, under himresistible numbers overwhelmed the shattered ranks of Bee. It was then that this general rode up to Jacksonckson, calm and curt, we will give them the bayonet. Bee seemed to catch the inspiration of his determined wilated, as Jackson did, without actual testimony. When Bee and Evans were repulsed in the forenoon, the Federali
y the night wore on, trains coming in occasionally only to disappoint the crowds that rushed to surround them. No one came who had seen the battle-all had heard what they related. And though no man was base enough to play upon feelings such as theirs, the love of common natures for being oracles carried them away; and they repeated far more even than that. Next day the news was more full, and the details of the fight came in with some lists of the wounded. The victory was dearly bought. Bee, Bartow, Johnson, and others equally valuable, were dead. Some of the best and bravest from every state had sealed their devotion to the flag with their blood. Still, so immense were the consequences of the victory now judged-to be, that even the wildest rumors of the day before had not told one half. At night the President returned; and on the train with him were the bodies of the dead generals, with their garde d'honneur. These proceeded to the Capitol, while Mr. Davis went to the Spo
Jubal Anderson Early, Ruth Hairston Early, Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early , C. S. A., Chapter 4: details of the battle of Manassas. (search)
e was in reserve to support Longstreet or Jones, as might be required, and Jackson's and parts of Bee's and Bartow's brigades of Johnston's army — which had arrived by the Manassas Gap Railroad--weree time, until overwhelming numbers were accumulated against him. Evans was being forced back when Bee, with the parts of his own and Bartow's brigades which had arrived, came to his assistance, and t's division united with Hunter's and two of Tyler's brigades crossed over above Stone Bridge. Bee and Evans, though fighting with great obstinacy, were forced back across the Warrenton Pike to a ich would most assuredly have resulted in defeat. This would likewise have been the case had not Bee arrived to the assistance of Evans when he did and stayed the progress of the enemy by his stubborn resistance. When Bee and Evans were forced back across the Warrenton Pike, the day would have been lost had not Jackson arrived most opportunely and furnished them a barrier behind which to re
Jubal Anderson Early, Ruth Hairston Early, Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early , C. S. A., Index. (search)
Barnett's Ford, 93 Bartlett's Mill, 318, 319, 320, 321, 324 Barton, Lieutenant, 240 Bartonsville, 241, 242, 368, 369 Bartow, General, 31, 32 Bath County, 459 Battle, General, 346, 422, 450 Baylor, Lieutenant, 461 Bealton, 307 Beauregard, General, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 10, 11, 13, 15, 17, 19, 20, 21, 26, 27, 29, 31, 33, 34; 35, 38, 44, 46, 47, 51, 52, 341 Beaver Dam Creek, 361, 362 Beckham, Lieutenant, 22, 25, 26, 38 Bedford City, 372, 374 Bedford County, 378 Bee, General, 31, 32, 37 Belle Grove, 437, 441 Benning, Colonel, 81, 82 Berkeley County, 366, 367, 368 Bermuda Hundreds, 360 Bernard House, 196 Berry, Major, 11, 240, 251 Berry's Ferry, 396 Berryville, 164, 240, 369, 396, 397, 406, 411, 414, 420, 421 Bethesda Church, 362, 363 Beverly, 459 Beverly's Ford, 106 Big Calf Pasture, 327 Big Lick, 377 Big Springs, 134 Blackburn's Ford, 5, 6, 7, 10, 11, 12, 15, 16, 18, 19, 20, 31, 32, 39, 118, 119 Black Horse Cavalry,
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