by the Virginians in 1635, but was reinstated by Charles I., and ruled until 1639. Sir William Berkeley became governor in 1641, at the beginning of the civil war in England, and being a thorough loyalist, soon came in contact with the republican Parliament.
The colonists, also, remained loyal, and invited the son of the beheaded King to come and reign over them.
Cromwell sent commissioners and a fleet to Virginia.
A compromise with the loyalists was effected.
Berkeley gave way to Richard Bennett, one of the commissioners, who became governor.
But when Charles II.
was restored, Berkeley, who had not left Virginia, was reinstated; the laws of the colony were revived; restrictive revenue laws were enforced; the Church of England—disestablished in Virginia—was re-established, and severe legislative acts against Non-conformists were passed.
Berkeley proclaimed Charles II. King of England, Scotland, Ireland, and Virginia, and ruled with vigor.
Under Berkeley, the colonists had be