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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 16 0 Browse Search
George Bancroft, History of the Colonization of the United States, Vol. 1, 17th edition. 16 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Berkeley, Sir William, (search)
prudent to compromise than to attempt coercion. The result was, the political freedom of the colonists was guaranteed. Berkeley regarding those whom the commissioners represented as usurpers, he would make no stipulations with them for himself, and he withdrew from the governorship and lived in retirement on his plantation at Green Spring until the restoration of monarchy in England in 1660, when the loyalty of the Virginians was not forgotten by the new monarch. The people elected Richard Bennett governor; and he was succeeded by two others — Edward Diggs (1655) and Samuel Matthews (1656), the latter appointed by Oliver Cromwell. At his death (1660) the people elected Berkeley, but he refused to serve excepting under a royal commission, and he went to England to congratulate Charles II. on his restoration to the throne. Charles gave Berkeley a commission, and he returned to Virginia to execute his master's will with vigor. He enforced various oppressive laws, for he was less
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Royalist colonies. (search)
h resulted in a capitulation. Two sets of articles were signed—one with the Assembly, which was favorably inclined towards Parliament; the other with Governor Berkeley and his council, who were to be allowed a year to settle up their affairs, without being required to take new oaths. They were guaranteed the right to sell their property and go where they pleased. The Assembly was dealt fairly and honorably with. Those who did not choose to relinquish the use of the Book of Common Prayer, or to subscribe to a promise to be true and faithful to the commonwealth of England, as was then established, without king or House of Lords, were allowed a year for making sale of their property and departing. The Dutch vessels were provided for. Berkeley's commission was declared void. A new Assembly was called, when Richard Bennett, who accompanied the expedition, was elected governor of Virginia, and Claiborne, who also came with the expedition, was chosen secretary. See Claiborne, Willia
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Maryland, (search)
timore's patents leads the Puritans of Anne Arundel to refuse to send any burgesses or delegates to the General Assembly at St. Mary's when summoned......1651 Council of state in England appoints three officers of the navy, together with Richard Bennett and William Claiborne, of Virginia, a commission to use their best endeavors to reduce all the plantations upon the bay of Chesapeake to their due obedience to the Parliament and Commonwealth of England ......Sept. 20, 1651 Numerous hostiommonwealth of England, Scotland, and Ireland, etc.......May 6, 1654 Robert Brooke, commander of Charles county, having been discharged by Lord Baltimore, Governor Stone erects the county into the county of Calvert......July 3, 1654 Commissioners Bennett and Claiborne, hearing of the new orders and instructions from Lord Baltimore, come to Maryland and make a second reducement of the province, appointing Capt. William Fuller and others commissioners for governing the affairs of Maryland..
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Virginia, (search)
ey as governor, dated......June 3, 1650 Capt. Robert Dennis, one of the commissioners of the commonwealth to reduce Virginia, arrives at Jamestown......March, 1652 Colony surrenders......March 12, 1652 Provisional government organized, Richard Bennett governor......April 30, 1652 Richard Bennett succeeded by Edward Digges as governor......1655 Col. Edward Hill attacks the Indians at the falls of James River and is repulsed with loss......1656 Samuel Matthews succeeds Edward DiggeRichard Bennett succeeded by Edward Digges as governor......1655 Col. Edward Hill attacks the Indians at the falls of James River and is repulsed with loss......1656 Samuel Matthews succeeds Edward Digges as governor......1657 Governor Matthews dies......January, 1659 Sir William Berkeley elected governor......March 23, 1660 Charles II. monarchy re-established in England......May 29, 1660 New commission as governor transmitted to Berkeley by Charles II.......July 31, 1660 Governor Berkeley goes to England to defend the colony against the navigation act......April 30, 1661 Col. Francis Morrison acting governor......1661-62 Quakers and other separatists persecuted by fines and
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Colony of Virginia, (search)
by the Virginians in 1635, but was reinstated by Charles I., and ruled until 1639. Sir William Berkeley became governor in 1641, at the beginning of the civil war in England, and being a thorough loyalist, soon came in contact with the republican Parliament. The colonists, also, remained loyal, and invited the son of the beheaded King to come and reign over them. Cromwell sent commissioners and a fleet to Virginia. A compromise with the loyalists was effected. Berkeley gave way to Richard Bennett, one of the commissioners, who became governor. But when Charles II. was restored, Berkeley, who had not left Virginia, was reinstated; the laws of the colony were revived; restrictive revenue laws were enforced; the Church of England—disestablished in Virginia—was re-established, and severe legislative acts against Non-conformists were passed. Berkeley proclaimed Charles II. King of England, Scotland, Ireland, and Virginia, and ruled with vigor. Under Berkeley, the colonists had be
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), State of Virginia, (search)
Smith1608 to 1610 George Percy1610 to 1611 Governors. Lord Delaware1611 Sir Thomas Dale1611 Sir Thomas Gates1611 to 1614 Sir Thomas Dale1614 to 1616 George Yeardley1616 to 1617 Samuel Argall1617 to 1619 Sir George Yeardley1619 to 1621 Sir Francis Wyatt1621 to 1626 Sir George Yeardley1626 to 1627 Francis West1627 to 1629 John Potts1629 John Harvey1629 to 1635 John West1635 to 1636 John Harvey1636 to 1639 Sir Francis Wyatt1639 to 1641 Sir William Berkeley1641 to 1652 Richard Bennett1652 to 1655 Edward Digges1655 to 1656 Samuel Matthews1656 to 1660 Sir William Berkeley1660 to 1661 Col. Francis Moryson1661 to 1668 Sir William Berkeley1663 to 1677 Sir Herbert Jeffreys1677 to 1678 Sir Henry Chicheley1678 to 1680 Lord Culpeper1680 to 1684 Lord Howard of Effingham1684 to 1688 Nathaniel Bacon1688 to 1690 Francis Nicholson1690 to 1692 Sir Edmund Andros1692 to 1698 Francis Nicholson1698 to 1705 Edward Nott1705 to 1706 Edmund Jennings1706 to 1710 Alexander Sp
were the designs of all parties to promote an amicable settlement of the government, that Richard Bennett, himself a commissioner of the Chap VI.} 1652. April 30. parliament, and, moreover, a mercerity of Virginia and its inhabitants. Hening, i. 371. Under the administration of Berkeley, Bennett had been oppressed in Virginia; and now not the slightest effort at revenge was attempted. Langford's Refutation 3. That Bennett was a Roundhead is indisputable. The contemporary authorities are Strong's Babylon's Fall, i. 7, and 10; Langford's Refutation, 3; Hammond's Leah and Rachel, 21. These, taken together, are conclusive. Bennett was of the council in 1646. Hening, i. 322. The act which constituted the government, claimed April. for the assembly the privilege of defininnts for Virginia; not one governor acted under his commission. Hening, i. Preface, 13. When Bennett retired from office, the assembly Chap. VI.} 1655. Mar. 31. itself elected his successor; and
e dissolution of the Long Parliament threatened 1653. April. a change in the political condition of Maryland; for, it was argued, the only authority, under which Bennett and Clayborne had acted, had expired with the body from which it was derived. Langford, 10. Strong, 3. In consequence, Stone, Hatton and his friends, reinstattimore in their integrity; displacing all officers of the contrary party, they introduced the old council, and declared the condition of the colony, as settled by Bennett and Clayborne, to have been a state of rebellion. Strong, 3. Hazard, i. 626. The date is there 1653. It was in 1654, as Strong asserts. McMahon, 206, cites, to abandon the claims of Lord Baltimore, they yet compelled him to surrender his commission and the government into their hands. This being done, Clayborne and Bennett appointed a board of ten commissioners, to whom the administration of Maryland was intrusted. Strong, 3, 4, 5. Langford, 11, 12. McMahon, 206. Chalmers, 223