with Joseph and other chiefs on May 19, and that they yielded a constrained compliance with the orders of the government, and had been allowed thirty days to gather in their people, stock, etc.
On June 14 the Indians under Joseph from Wallowa, White Bird from Salmon River, and Looking-glass from Clearwater, assembled near Cottonwood Creek, in apparent compliance with their promise, when General Howard, who was at Fort Lapwai, heard that four white men had been murdered on John Day's Creek by some Nez Perces, and that White Bird had announced that he would not go on the reservation.
Other murders were reported.
General Howard despatched two cavalry companies, with ninety-nine men, under Captain Perry, to the scene, who found the Indian camp at White Bird Cañon, and on June 17 made an unsuccessful attack, with the loss of one lieutenant and thirty-three men. General Howard then took the field in person with 400 men, and on July 11 discovered the Indians in a deep ravine on the Clearw
be lightly assumed, there was certainly in that age a fair chance for argument; for a more closely connected and determined union of hills and peaks can hardly anywhere be found, than in the range which runs from one end to the other of the isthmus, and its immediate connections.
Providence certainly did not intend that any world, any less rich than our own, should undertake the work of lifting great ships across the divide which separates the oceans.
All the probable passage-ways have
Bird's-eye view of Nicaragua Canal as it is planned. been so far examined, that the world has settled down upon the belief that only two routes can be the scene of the great commerce which is hoped for in the future.
One is on the Isthmus of Panama, which is the least in actual distance from the Atlantic to the Pacific, and the other takes its course through the peninsula which
Map of the world showing change in trade routes after completion of the Nicargua Canal. connects the isthmus with th
lle, a French trader, builds a trading-house near the present site of Nashville......1714
French erect Fort Assumption on the Mississippi at the fourth Chickasaw bluff......1714
Bienville makes a treaty of peace with the Chickasaw Indians at Fort Assumption......June, 1739
Party of Virginians, Dr. Thomas Walker and others; discover the Cumberland Mountains, Cumberland Gap, and Cumberland River......1748
Fort Loudon founded about 30 miles from the present Knoxville......1856
Colonel Bird builds Long Island Fort on the Holston River, where the American army winters......1758
Cherokees capture Fort Loudon.
The garrison, after the surrender, start out for Fort Prince George; after proceeding about 15 miles they are massacred by the Indians......Aug. 7, 1760
Capt. James Smith and others explore the Cumberland and Tennessee rivers from above Nashville down to the Ohio......1766
By treaty at Fort Stanwix the Six Nations cede the country north and east of the Tennessee
to 27° N., forming a British colonial possession, few inhabited; Nassau, on Providence Island, the capital.
They form a barrier which throws the Gulf Stream upon the Atlantic coast of the United States, thus greatly modifying the climate of the Eastern United States and Northern Europe.
Omitting the insignificant islets the Lesser Antilles are:
Virgin IslandsBritish, Danish, Spanish.
St. Christopher (St. Kitt's)British.
St. MartinFrench, Dutch.
Aves (Bird) IslandsVenezuela.
See Cuba; Porto Rico