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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 30 0 Browse Search
John F. Hume, The abolitionists together with personal memories of the struggle for human rights 24 0 Browse Search
Francis Jackson Garrison, William Lloyd Garrison, 1805-1879; the story of his life told by his children: volume 1 14 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Abolitionists. (search)
ys radical. They criticised the Church, condemned the Constitution, refused to vote, and woman's rights, free love, community of property, and all sorts of novel social ideas were espoused by them. In 1838 the political abolitionists, including Birney, the Tappans, Gerrit Smith, Whittier. Judge Jay, Edward Beecher, Thomas Morris, and others seceded, and in 1840 organized the American and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society, and under this name prosecuted their work with more success than the original society. In 1839-40 the liberty party (q. v.) was formed, and in the Presidential election of 1844 Birney and Morris received 62,300 votes, most of which would have gone to Clay, and thus made possible the election of Polk, the annexation of Texas. and the addition of an immense amount of slave territory to the United States. In the next two Presidential elections the abolitionists voted with the free soil party (q. v.), and after 1856 with the Republicans, though rather as an auxiliary th
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Baylis's Creek, battle at. (search)
n. W. S. Hancock proceeded to attack the Confederates in front of Deep Bottom on the James River, Aug. 12, 1864. His whole force was placed on transports at City Point, and its destination reported to be Washington. This was to deceive the Confederates. That night it went up the James River; but so tardy was the debarkation that the intended surprise of the Confederates was not effected. Hancock pushed some of his troops by Malvern Hill to flank the Confederates' defence behind Baylis's Creek, while 10,000 men were sent, under Gen. F. C. Barlow, to assail their flank and rear. There were other dispositions for attack; but the delay had allowed Lee to send reinforcements, for the movement seemed to threaten Richmond. On the morning of the 16th, General Birney, with General Terry's division, attacked and carried the Confederate lines, and captured 300 men. The Confederates soon rallied and drove him back. Another part of the attacking force was driven back, and the attempt failed.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Birney, James Gillespie, 1792-1864 (search)
Birney, James Gillespie, 1792-1864 Statesman born in Danville, Ky., Feb. 4, 1792; graduated at the College of New Jersey in 1812; studied law with A. J. Dallas, of Philadelphia and began its practice in Kentucky in 1814. He was a member of the State legislature at the age of twenty-two; became a planter in Alabama; served in the Alabama legislature; and practised law in Huntsville. Returning to Kentucky in 1834, he emancipated his slaves, and proposed to print there an anti-slavery papein 1840, and took part in the anti-slavery movements there. In 1844 he was the candidate of the liberty party (q. v.) for the Presidency, the result of which was not only his own defeat, but that of Henry Clay, the candidate of the Whig party for the same office. Mr. Birney was the father of the meritorious (Gen. David Bell Birney, who did excellent service for the Union in the Civil War, and died in Philadelphia, Pa., Oct. 18. 1864. James (G. Birney died in Perth Amboy, N. J., Nov. 25, 1857.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Liberty party, (search)
Democrat; if he would declare his unalterable opposition to slavery, slave-holders, and the friends of slave-holders, it gave him the cordial right hand of fellowship. A man less true to the faith was not admitted within the pale of the party. It contained, in proportion to its numbers, more men of wealth, talent, and personal worth than any other party. It was opposed to the annexation of Texas, for it regarded that as a scheme of the slave-holders to extend their domain and political power. The party could not vote for Mr. Polk, for he was favorable to that annexation; it could not vote for Mr. Clay, for he was a slave-holder: so it nominated James G. Birney (who had formerly been a slaveholder in Kentucky, but, from conscientious motives, had emancipated his slaves and migrated to Michigan) for President of the United States. It polled quite a large number of votes. In 1848 the Liberty party was merged into the Free-soil party, and supported Mr. Van Buren for the Presidency.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Morris, Thomas 1776-1844 (search)
Morris, Thomas 1776-1844 Jurist; born in Augusta county, Va., Jan. 3, 1776; removed to Ohio in 1795; admitted to the bar of Ohio in 1804; was a member of the legislature in 1806-30; elected judge of the Supreme Court of the State in 1830; and United States Senator in 1832. In 1844 the Liberal party nominated him for Vice-President on the ticket with James G. Birney. He died in Bethel, O., Dec. 7, 1844.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Political parties in the United States. (search)
stem. United to form the Whig party, 1834. Supported John Quincy Adams, 1828, and Henry Clay, 1832. Nullification party, 1831-33 A South Carolina party organized by Calhoun. See State of South Carolina. Liberal party, 1840-48 Founded at a national convention of abolitionists at Albany, N. Y., deriving additional strength from Whigs and Democrats. For the immediate abolition of slavery, and equal rights. Against the fugitive-slave clause of the Constitution. Nominated James G. Birney for President, 1839, and again in 1843. Withdrew their candidates and joined the Free-soil party in 1848. Free-soil party, 1848-54 Formed from the Liberty party, Democrats, and Whigs. Chief cause of its appearance, opposition to slavery. Merged into the Republican party. Nominated Martin Van Buren for President, 1848, and John P. Hale, 1852. American party, 1852-60 Generally known as the Know-nothing party. Formed from members of other parties dissatisfied with the infl
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Polk, James Knox 1795-1849 (search)
Adams. He was speaker of the House of Representatives from 1835 to 1837, and in 1839, having served fourteen years in Congress, he delined a re-election. He was a candidate for the Vice-Presidency in 1840, but was defeated. In 1844 the Democratic National Convention at Baltimore nominated him for the Presidency, chiefly because he was strongly in favor of the annexation of Texas, a favorite measure of the Southern politicians, and he was elected, his opponents being Henry Clay and James G. Birney (see cabinet, President's). During his administration, the most important event was a war with Mexico from 1846 to 1848. The other chief events of his administration were the establishment of an independent treasury system, the enactment of a low tariff system, and the creation of the Department of the Interior. Three months after he retired from office, he was seized with illness and died in Nashville, Tenn., June 15, 1849. Inaugural Address>head> On March 4, 1845, President Pol
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Presidential elections. (search)
m23 Willie P. MangumN. C.Whig11 1840. W. H. Harrison For foot-note references see page 291.O.Whig1,275,017146,315234John Tyler For foot-note references see page 291.VaWhig234 Martin Van BurenN. Y.Dem1,128,70260R. M. JohnsonKyDem48 James G. BirneyN. Y.Lib7,059L. W. TazewellVaDem11 James K. PolkTennDem1 1844. James K. Polk For foot-note references see page 291.TennDem1,337,24338,175170George M. Dallas For foot-note references see page 291.PaDem170 Henry ClayKyWhig1,299,068105T. FrelinghuysenN. J.Whig105 James G. BirneyN. Y.Lib62,300Thomas MorrisO.Lib 1848. Zachary Taylor For foot-note references see page 291.LaWhig1,360,101139,557163Millard Fillmore For foot-note references see page 291.N. Y.Whig163 Lewis CassMich.Dem1,220,544127William O. ButlerKyDem127 Martin Van BurenN. Y.F. Soil291,263Charles F. AdamsMass.F. Soil 1852. Franklin Pierce For foot-note references see page 291.N. H.Dem1,601,474220,896254William R. King For foot-note references see
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Tazewell, Littleton Waller 1774-1860 (search)
Tazewell, Littleton Waller 1774-1860 Legislator; born in Williamsburg, Va., Dec. 17, 1774; graduated at William and Mary College in 1792; admitted to the bar in 1796; member of Congress in 1800-2; member of the commission to treat with Spain for the purchase of Florida in 1819; member of the United States Senate in 1824-33; and was chosen governor of Virginia in 1834. In 1840 he was the candidate for the Vice-Presidency on the ticket with James G. Birney. He died in Norfolk, Va., March 6, 1860.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), United States of America. (search)
ontauk Point by the United States brig Washington, Lieutenant Geding commanding......Aug. 29, 1839 Daguerreotypes first taken in the United States by Prof. J. W. Draper......1839 Liberty party, in convention at Warsaw, N. Y., nominates James G. Birney for President and Thomas Earle, of Pennsylvania, for Vice-President......Nov. 13, 1839 [This was the first appearance of a national anti-slavery party, and although Mr. Birney declined the nomination, it polled over 7,000 votes.] Twentv. 10; returned July, 1844.] Bunker Hill monument completed and dedicated......June 17, 1843 [President Tyler was present, and Daniel Webster delivered the address.] National Liberty party, in convention at Buffalo, N. Y., nominates James G. Birney for President, and Thomas Morris, of Ohio, for Vice-President......Aug. 30, 1843 Twenty-eighth Congress, first session, convenes......Dec. 4, 1843 John W. Jones, of Virginia, elected speaker. Explosion of a large gun, the Peacemaker
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