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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 47 1 Browse Search
James D. Porter, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 7.1, Tennessee (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 2 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Bayard, James Ashton, 1767- (search)
James Ashton, 1767- Statesman; born in Philadelphia, July 28, 1767; of Huguenot descent; was graduated at Princeton in 1784; studied law under Gen. Joseph Reed; was admitted to the bar in 1787, and, settling in Delaware, soon acquired a high reputation as a lawyer. Mr. Bayard was a member of Congress from 1797 to 1803, and a conspicuous leader of the Federal party. In 1804 he was elected to the United States Senate, in which he distinguished himself in conducting the impeachment of Senator Blount. He was chiefly instrumental in securing the election of Jefferson over Burr in 1800; and made, in the House of Representatives, in 1802, a powerful defence of the existing judiciary system, which was soon overthrown. He was in the Senate when war was declared against Great Britain in 1812. In May, 1813, he left the United States on a mission to St. Petersburg, to treat for peace with Great James Ashton Bayard. Britain under Russian mediation. The mission was fruitless. In January
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Blount, William, 1744-1800 (search)
Blount, William, 1744-1800 Statesman; born in North Carolina, in 1744; was a delegate to the Continental Congress in 1782-83, 1786, and 1787; and was a member of the convention that framed the national Constitution. In 1790 he was appointed governor of the territory south of the Ohio. (See Northwestern Territory.) He was president of the convention that formed the State of Tennessee in 1796, and was chosen the first United States Senator from the new State. Blount was impeached in 1797 Blount was impeached in 1797 by the House of Representatives, charged with having intrigued, while territorial governor, to transfer New Orleans and neighboring districts (then belonging to Spain) to Great Britain by means of a joint expedition of Englishmen and Creek and Cherokee Indians. He was expelled from the Senate, and the process was discontinued in the House. His popularity in Tennessee was increased by these proceedings, and he became, by the voice of the people, a State Senator and president of that body. He d
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Constitution of the United States (search)
l. Johnson, Roger Sherman. New York. Alexander Hamilton. New Jersey. Wil: Livingston, David Brearley, Wm. Paterson, Jona: Dayton. Pennsylvania. B. Franklin, Thomas Mifflin, Robt. Morris, Geo. Clymer, Thomas Fitzsimons, Jared Ingersoll, James Wilson, Gouv. Morris. Delaware. Geo: Read, Jaco: Broom, John Dickinson, Richard Bassett, Gunning Bedford, Jun. Maryland. James Mchenry, Danl. Carroll, Dan of St. Thos. Jenifer. Virginia. John Blair, James Madison, Jr. North Carolina. Wm. Blount, Hugh Williamson, Richd. Dobbs Spaight. South Carolina. J. Rutledge, Charles Pinckney, Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, Pierce Butler. Georgia. William Few, Abr. Baldwin. Attest: William Jackson, Secretary. Amendments to the Constitution of the United States. The following amendments were proposed at the first session of the First Congress of the United States, which was begun and held at the city of New York on the 4th of March, 1789, and were declared in force Dec. 15, 1791.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Federal convention, the. (search)
Broom; Maryland—James McHenry, Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer, Daniel Carroll, John Francis Mercer, and Luther Martin; Virginia—George Washington, Patrick Henry, Edmund Randolph, John Blair, James Madison, Jr., George Mason, and George Wythe. Patrick Henry having declined the appointment, George McClure was nominated to supply his place; North Carolina—Richard Caswell, Alexander Martin, William Richardson Davie, Richard Dobbs Spaight, and Willie Jones. Richard Caswell having resigned, William Blount was appointed a deputy in his place. Willie Jones having also declined his appointment, his place was supplied by Hugh Williamson; South Carolina— John Rutledge, Charles Pinckney, Charles Cotesworth Pinckney, and Pierce Butler; Georgia—William Few, Abraham Baldwin, William Pierce, George Walton, William Houston, and Nathaniel Pendleton. Fac-similes of the signatures of the signers of the Constitution, copied from the original in the archives of the national government, are given on
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hawaii, Hawaiian Islands, (search)
rate established by Mr. Stevens, who had been recalled in May, and remained in Hawaii until August. In September Albert S. Willis, of Kentucky, was appointed minister to the islands. Public attention, which had been somewhat diverted from Hawaiian affairs, was recalled to them by the publication, Nov. 10, of Secretary Gresham's report, in which he dwelt upon the proof of a conspiracy which had overturned the queen's government in January. This report was followed, Nov. 21, 1893, by Commissioner Blount's report, which displayed the results of his investigations in Hawaii, and had served as the basis for President Cleveland's policy. This policy was announced by message to Congress on Dec. 18 in the following language: By an act of war, committed with the participation of a diplomatic representative of the United States and without authority of Congress, the government of a feeble but friendly and confiding people has been overthrown. A substantial wrong has thus been done, w
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Impeachment. (search)
en sits as a court, organizing anew, Senators taking a special oath or affirmation applicable to the proceeding. From their decision there is no appeal. A vote of two-thirds of the Senate is necessary to convict. When the President is tried the chief-justice presides. The punishment is limited by the Constitution (1) to removal from office; (2) to disqualification from holding and enjoying any office of honor, trust, or profit under the United States government. Important cases: (1) William Blount, United States Senator from Tennessee, for conspiring to transfer New Orleans from Spain to Great Britain, 1797-98; acquitted for want of evidence. (2) John Pickering, judge of the district court of New Hampshire, charged with drunkenness, profanity, etc.; convicted March 12, 1803. (3) Judge Samuel Chase, impeached March 30, 1804; acquitted March 1, 1805. (4) James H. Peck, district judge of Missouri, impeached Dec. 13, 1830, for arbitrary conduct, etc.; acquitted. (5) West H. Humphrey
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Lincoln, Abraham 1809- (search)
g that for some cause he thought it improper to vote for it. In 1787, still before the Constitution, but while the convention was in session framing it, and while the Northwestern Territory still was the only Territory owned by the United States, the same question of prohibiting slavery in the Territory again came before the Congress of the Confederation; and two more of the thirty-nine who afterwards signed the Constitution were in that Congress, and voted on the question. They were William Blount and William Few; and they both voted for the prohibition—thus showing that in their understanding no line dividing local from federal authority, nor anything else, properly forbade the federal government to control as to slavery in federal territory. This time the prohibition became a law, being part of what is now well known as the ordinance of ‘87. The question of federal control of slavery in the Territories seems not to have been directly before the convention which framed the or
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Senate, United States (search)
d the offending party was not a member of the Senate. The Senate has exercised its power of explusion five times. William Blount, a Senator from Tennessee, was expelled July 8, 1797, for complicity in a scheme to transfer New Orleans and adjacent each case as it is presented, to inquire whether the party impeached is included in that class. Articles impeaching William Blount were presented to the Senate for trial in 1797. Mr. Blount, being a member of the Senate, pleaded that he was not a cMr. Blount, being a member of the Senate, pleaded that he was not a civil officer of the United States, and on that ground he objected to the jurisdiction of the Senate. On argument, his plea was held good and the impeachment proceedings were dismissed, but on the evidence against him he was expelled from the Senate. There have been seven cases of impeachment prosecuted before the Senate. (1) The above-mentioned William Blount, a Senator from Tennessee, for violating the neutrality laws of the United States, 1797. (2) John Pickering, district judge, New Hamp
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), State of Tennessee, (search)
State was revised early in 1870. Population in 1890, 1,767,518; in 1900, 2,020,616. See United States, Tennessee, in this volume. Territorial Governor. William Blount, appointed governor of the territory southwest of the OhioAug. 7, 1790 State governors. John SevierAssumes officeMarch 30, 1796 Archibald RoaneAssumes officeSept., 1801 John SevierAssumes officeSept., 1803 William BlountAssumes officeSept., 1809 Joseph McMinnAssumes officeSept., 1815 William CarrollAssumes officeSept., 1821 Samuel HoustonAssumes officeSept., 1827 William CarrollAssumes officeSept., 1829 Newton CannonAssumes officeOct., 1835 James K. PolkAssumes officeOct.,mes officeJan., 1897 Benton McMillinAssumes officeJan., 1899 Benton McMillinAssumes officeJan., 1901 United States Senators. Name.No. of CongressTerm. William Blount4th to 5th1796 to 1797 William Cocke4th to 9th1796 to 1805 Joseph Anderson5th1797 to 1798 Andrew Jackson5th1797 to 1798 Daniel Smith5th1798 Joseph Anderso
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Trials. (search)
the enemy; second, unnecessary and disorderly retreat; third, disrespect to the commander-in-chief; suspended from command for one year, tried......July 4, 1778 John Hett Smith, for assisting Benedict Arnold, New York, not guilty......1780 Maj. John Andre, adjutant-general, British army, seized as a spy at Tappan, N. Y., Sept. 23, 1780, tried by military court and hanged......Oct. 2, 1780 Stewart, Wright, Porter, Vigol, and Mitchell, Western insurgents, found guilty......1795 William Blount, United States Senate, impeached for misdemeanor......1797 William Cobbett, for libelling the King of Spain and his ambassador, writing as Peter Porcupine in Porcupine's gazette, July 17, before Supreme Court of Pennsylvania; acquitted......1797 Thomas Cooper, of Northumberland, Pa., convicted under the sedition act of libel on the administration of President Adams in Reading Advertiser of Oct. 26, 1799, imprisonment for six months and $400 fine......1799 Duane, Reynolds, Moore
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