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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 29 1 Browse Search
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of the port of Boston, late Secretary of War, and then sixty years of age, was appointed (February, 1812) first major-general, or acting commander-in-chief of the armies in the field, having the Northern Department under his immediate control. Thomas Pinckney, of South Carolina, also a soldier of the Revolution, was appointed (March, 1812) second major-general, and placed in command of the Southern Department. Joseph Bloomfield (governor of New Jersey), James Winchester (of Tennessee), John P. Boyd (of Massachusetts), and William Hull (then governor of the Territory of Michigan) were commissioned (April 8, 1812) brigadier-generals. The same commission was given (June) to Thomas Flournoy, of Georgia. John Armstrong, of New York, was also commissioned (July 4) a brigadier-general to fill a vacancy caused by the recent death of Gen. Peter Gansevoort. This was soon followed (July 8) by a like commission for John Chandler, of Maine. Morgan Lewis, of New York, was appointed quartermas
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Boyd, John Parker, 1764- (search)
Boyd, John Parker, 1764- Military officer; born in Newburyport, Mass., Dec. 21, 1764; entered the military service of the United States in 1786, but soon afterwards went to the East Indies and entered the Mahratta service, in which he rose to thants, was at, his own expense. He was at one time in the pay of Holkar, in the Peishwa's service, and afterwards John Parker Boyd. in that of Nizam Ali Khan. Arriving at Madras in July, 1789, he was given, by the ruler, the command of 10,000) meInfantry on Oct. 7 of that year. In that capacity he was distinguished in the battle at Tippecanoe (q. v.). Nov. 7 1811. Boyd was commissioned brigadier-general Aug. 26, 1812. He was in command of 1,500 men in the expedition down the St. Lawrence 1813; and fought bravely at Chrysler's Field, in canada, Nov. 11, 1813. He led his brigade in the capture of Fort George, Upper Canada. General Boyd was appointed naval officer at the port of Boston early in 1830, and died there Oct. 4 of that year.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Chrysler's field, battle of (search)
ebarked to pursue the Americans—2,000 men, including cavalry. General Boyd and his brigade were now detached to reinforce Brown, with order and the British land troops were hanging upon the rear of Brown and Boyd. The latter also encountered detachments coming up from below. Tust issued orders for the flotilla to proceed down these rapids, and Boyd to resume his march, when a British column attacked the rear of the latter. Boyd turned upon his antagonist, and a sharp battle ensued. General Swartwout was detached with his brigade to assail the British vaith great vigor, and were endeavoring by a flank movement to capture Boyd's cannon, when a gallant charge of cavalry, led by Adjutant-General pham and Major Malcolm, whom Wilkinson had sent up to the support of Boyd. These checked the flight, drove back the British, and saved the American army. Meanwhile Boyd had reformed a portion of the army, and then awaited another attack. It was not made. The Americans, under co
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Craig, Sir James Henry 1749- (search)
Craig, Sir James Henry 1749- Military officer; born in Gibraltar in 1749; entered the British army as ensign in 1763, was aide-de-camp to General Boyd at Gibraltar in 1770, and came to America in 1774. He remained in service here from the battle of Bunker Hill until the evacuation of Charleston, in 1781, when he held the rank of lieutenant-colonel. He was made a major-general in 1794, lieutenant-general in 1801, and governorgeneral and commander-in-chief of Canada in 1807. Totally unfit for civil rule, he was a petty oppressor as governor; his administration was short, and he returned to England in 1811, where he died Jan. 12, 1812.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Croghan, George 1746-1782 (search)
boundary-line. On that voyage he was wrecked on the coast of France. In May, 1776, Croghan founded a settlement 4 miles above Fort Pitt (now Pittsburg). He was active in securing the attachment of the Indians to the British interest until 1776, but took no active part in the events of the Revolution. He died in Passayunk, Pa., in August, 1782. Military officer; born near Louisville, Ky., Nov. 15, 1791; educated at the College of William and Mary, which he left in 1810; was aide to Colonel Boyd in the battle of Tippecanoe (q. v.) in 1811, and made captain of infantry in March, 1812. In March, 1813, he became an aide of General Harrison, and in August of the same year sustained the siege of Fort Stephenson (q. v.) against a force of British and Indians, for which he was brevetted a captain and awarded a gold medal by Congress. He was made lieutenant-colonel early in 1814, and resigned in 1817. Colonel Croghan was postmaster at New Orleans in 1824, and late in the next year was
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Whiting, Henry 1790-1851 (search)
Whiting, Henry 1790-1851 Military officer; born in Lancaster, Mass., about 1790; joined the army in 1808; promoted first lieutenant in 1811; was placed on the staff of Gen. John P. Boyd, and afterwards on that of Gen. Alexander Macomb; promoted captain in 1817; was chief quartermaster of the army of General Taylor during the Mexican War: won distinction at Buena Vista, in recognition of which he was brevetted brigadier-general, United States army, Feb. 23, 1847. His publications include Ontway, the son of the forest (a poem) ; Life of Zebulon M. Pike, in Sparks's American biography; joint author of Historical and scientific sketches of Michigan, etc.; and editor of Washington's Revolutionary orders issued during the years 1778, 1780, 1781, and 1782, selected from the Mss. Of John Whiting. He died in St. Louis, Mo., Sept. 16, 1851.