the turnpike into Mystic river which has been petitioned for by Benjamin Hall and others.
June 27, 1805, voted, that in future the affairs of the corporation shall be conducted by five proprietors who shall be annually chosen directors, and who shall choose a president out of their own body.
About halfway between the Medford and Charlestown line and the toll house there was a private way leading from the farm of E. H. Derby
The Temple estate or Ten-hill farm of Governor Winthrop. to Broadway, now known as Temple street in Somerville.
Certain persons desirous of avoiding the climb over Winter Hill and also desirous of avoiding the payment of toll, were in the habit of using the Medford end of the turnpike and passing through the private way to Broadway, and on their return passing over the same route.
The proprietors of the road petitioned the General Court for additional legislation to put a stop to this practice.
An act was passed March 8, 1808, providing that from and afte
yond the Rock, that gave trouble, and special legislation was secured to protect the company from the Shunpikers that made a practice of evading toll by using General Derby's lane across Ten Hills farm to present Broadway.
Between this and Ploughed hill (later known as Mt. Benedict) was the dyked marsh and clay land, with numerous brickyards.
The site of some of these later became a nuisance, abated by the city of Somerville in the early seventies by the making of its park and widening of Broadway.
On the summit of Ploughed hill was, in 1826, erected the convent of St. Ursula, burned by a mob from Boston on the night of August 1, 1834.
It is said that the courage of the rioters was largely increased by the arrival of a barrel of rum from Medford.
Of this we cannot with certainty say, but the blackened ruins of the walls stood, witnessing to the disgraceful proceeding, for more than thirty-four years, when the hill began to be reduced to the present grade.
As the toll-gate and