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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 12 4 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hull, William 1753-1825 (search)
ted States, and Dearborn was directed to put an end to it immediately. But he continued it until Aug. 29, for the purpose, as he alleged, of forwarding stores to Sackett's Harbor. It released the British troops on the Niagara frontier, and Sir Isaac Brock, governor of Upper Canada, was enabled to hasten to the Detroit River and effect the capture of the army of General Hull. Dearborn gave that commander no intimation of the armistice; and it was during its unwarranted continuance for twenty enerals, four colonels, and five lieutenant-colonels, with Dallas as judge-advocate. General Dearborn was appointed president of the court. His neglect of duty to inform Hull of an armistice he had entered into with the British (and so allowed Brock to go unopposed to Fort Malden with troops) was charged by the accused and his friends as the chief cause of the disaster at Detroit. The defendant might justly have objected to that officer as his chief judge, for the acquittal of Hull would ha
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), MacKINAWinaw, or Michilimackinac (search)
ce of Americans, under the command of Lieut. Porter Hancks, of the United States artillery. It was supported by the higher ground in the rear, on which was a stockade, defended by two block-houses, each mounting a brass 6-pounder. It was isolated from the haunts of men more than half the year by barriers of ice and snow, and exposed to attacks by the British and Indians at Fort St. Joseph, on an island 40 miles northeast from Mackinaw, then commanded by Capt. Charles Roberts. When Sir Isaac Brock, governor of Upper Canada, received at Fort George, on the Niagara River, from British spies, notice of the declaration of war, he despatched an express to Roberts, ordering him to attack Mackinaw immediately. He was directed to summon to his assistance the neighboring Indians, and to ask the aid of the employes of the Northwestern Fur Company. On the morning of July 16 Roberts embarked with a strong motley force of whites and Indians, in boats, bateaux, and canoes, with two 6-pounde
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Proctor, Henry A. 1765-1859 (search)
Proctor, Henry A. 1765-1859 Military officer; born in Wales in 1765; joined the British army in 1781, and rose to the rank of major-general after his service in Canada in 1813. He was sent to Canada in command of a regiment in 1812, and, as acting brigadier-general, commanded British troops at Amherstburg, under the direction of General Brock, to prevent Hull's invasion of Canada. For his victory at Frenchtown he was made a brigadier-general. He and his Indian allies were repulsed at Fort Meigs and at Fort Stephenson, and he was defeated in the battle of the Thames by General Harrison. For his conduct in America, especially at Frenchtown, he was afterwards court-martialled, and suspended from command for six months; but was again in active service, and was made a lieutenant-general. He died in Liverpool, England, in 1859.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Snelling, Josiah 1782-1829 (search)
Snelling, Josiah 1782-1829 Military officer; born in Boston, Mass., in 1782; served in the war against Tecumseh; promoted captain in June, 1809, and won distinction at Tippecanoe; was conspicuous for gallantry during the second war with England, taking part in the battles of Lundy's Lane, Chippewa, and Fort Erie. He refused to raise a flag of truce at the fall of Detroit, and while a prisoner declined to take his hat off to Nelson's monument, despite the efforts of the British soldiers to force him to remove it. Finally, he was freed from embarrassment by the command of Gen. Isaac Brock, who ordered the British soldiers to respect the scruples of a brave man. He was promoted lieutenant-colonel in 1815 and colonel in 1819. He was the author of Remarks on Gen. William Hull's memoirs of the campaign of the Northwestern army, 1812. He died in Washington, D. C., Aug. 20, 1829.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Michigan, (search)
s......Dec. 27, 1811 Governor Hull issues a proclamation from Sandwich, on the Detroit River, inviting people to come in under the American flag, and promising protection; but extermination to those who joined the British and savages against the United States......July 12, 1812 Lieutenant Hanks, commandant at Fort Mackinac, surrenders to the British......July 17, 1812 Battles of Brownstone, Aug. 4, and Maguaga......Aug. 9, 1812 General Hull surrenders Detroit to British under General Brock......Aug. 16, 1812 [The forces for its defence were estimated at about 2,000 men. These, with 2,500 stands of arms, twenty-five iron and eight brass pieces of ordnance, forty barrels of gunpowder, and a large quantity of other military stores, were delivered up to the British without even an attempt to defend them.] Sudden attack upon the United States troops, under General Winchester, at the river Raisin by the British, and massacre of the panic-stricken United States troops by th
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), New York, (search)
Stephen Van Rensselaer (the patroon), of Albany, commissioned major-general and assigned to the 1st Division, and Benjamin Mooers, of Plattsburg, to the 2d......1812 British attack Sackett's Harbor and are repulsed......July 29, 1812 Lieut. J. D. Elliott captures the Caledonia and Detroit, British vessels anchored near Fort Erie, opposite Buffalo......Oct. 8, 1812 [Congress votes Lieutenant Elliott a sword for this exploit.] Battle of Queenston, Upper Canada, and death of Sir Isaac Brock, governor of Upper Canada......Oct. 12-13, 1812 [The Americans, at first successful, are finally beaten.] Gen. James Clinton, Revolutionary soldier, father of De Witt Clinton, dies at Little Britain, Orange county......Dec. 22, 1812 Albany Argus started in Albany, Jesse Buel editor......Jan. 13, 1813 Ogdensburg attacked and captured by the British......Feb. 22, 1813 York (now Toronto) taken by the Americans......April 27, 1813 Fort George, Canada, evacuated by the Brit
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Wayne, Fort, attack on (search)
Wayne, Fort, attack on Forts Wayne and Harrison, the former at the junction of the St. Joseph's and St. Mary's rivers, where they formed the Maumee, and the latter on the Wabash, were strongholds of the Americans in the Northwest in 1812. General Proctor, in command at Fort Maiden, resolved to reduce them, with the assistance of Tecumseh, whom Brock had commissioned a brigadier-general. Major Muir, with British regulars and Indians, was to proceed up the Maumee Valley to co-operate with other Indians, and Sept. 1 was appointed as the day when they should invest Fort Wayne. The garrison consisted of only seventy men under Capt. James Rhea. The Indians prosecuted raids in other directions to divert attention from Forts Wayne and Harrison and prevent their being reinforced. A scalping-party fell upon the Pigeon-roost settlement Map of Fort Wayne and vicinity. in Scott county, Ind. (Sept. 3), and during the twilight they killed three men, five women, and sixteen children. Si