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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 18 2 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Brock, Sir Isaac, 1769- (search)
Brock, Sir Isaac, 1769- Military officer; born in Guernsey, Oct. 6, 1769; entered the British army as an ensign in Medal in memory of General Brock. 1783; saw service in Holland, and was in theGeneral Brock. 1783; saw service in Holland, and was in the attack on Copenhagen in 1801. Rising by degrees, he became a major-general, and was appointed president and administrator of the government of Upper Canada, Oct. 9, 1811. When war was declared by for the defence of the province. He heard of Hill's invasion from Detroit Monument where General Brock fell. on July 20, 1812. He knew the weakness of Fort Malden, below Detroit, and felt anxioudon. bearing the following inscription: Erected at the public expense to the memory of Maj.-Gen. Sir Isaac Brock, who gloriously fell on the 13th of October, Mdcccxii., in resisting an attack on Queenston, Upper Canada. To the four surviving brothers of Brock 12.000 acres of land in Canada were given, and a pension of $1,000 a year each for life. In 1816 the Canadians struck a medal to his mem
ul encounter with British and Indians he fell back to Sandwich, without attacking Malden. His troops were disappointed and mutinous. Then information came of the capture of MacKINAWinaw (q. v.) by the British. News also came that General Proctor, of the British army, had arrived at Malden with reinforcements. This was followed by an intercepted despatch from the northwest announcing that 1.200 white men and several hundred Indians were coming down to assist in the defence of Canada.. General Brock was approaching from the east, with a force gathered on his way. These events, and other causes, impelled Hull to recross the river to Detroit with his army, and take shelter in the fort there (Aug. 8, 1812). The British congregated in force at Sandwich, and from that point opened a cannonade upon the fort at Detroit. On Sunday morning, the 16th, the British crossed the river to a point below Detroit, and moved upon the fort. Very little effort was made to defend it, and, on that day,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Detroit, (search)
l the arrival of Colonel Bradstreet in May, 1764. The city was the scene of disastrous operations in the early part of the War of 1812-15. In August, 1812, General Brock, governor of Upper Canada, with a few regulars and 300 militia, hastened to Amherstburg to assist in turning back the invaders of Canada. He arrived there on the night of Aug. 13. Tecumseh and his Indian warriors were on an island opposite Fort Malden. On the following morning Brock held a conference with the Indians (of whom about 1,000 were present), telling them he had come to assist in driving the Americans from their rightful hunting-grounds north of the Ohio. The Indians were p and, at a subsequent interview with Tecumseh and the other chiefs, they assured him that the Indians would give him all their strength in the undertaking. Then Brock marched from Malden to Sandwich, which the Americans had deserted, and a battery was planted opposite Detroit, which commanded the fort there. The American artill
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hull, William 1753-1825 (search)
ers, when it was agreed to march immediately upon Fort Malden. The troops were delighted. Preparations went on vigorously, and an order to march for Amherstburg was momentarily expected, when, near the close of the day, an order was promulgated for the army to recross the river to Detroit!—an order to abandon Canada. This order was in consequence of intelligence just received that a large force of British regulars, Canadian militia, and Indians were approaching from the east, under Gov. Sir Isaac Brock. Sullenly the humiliated army obeyed their cautious commander, and on the night of Aug. 7 and the morning of the 8th they crossed the Detroit River, and encamped upon the rolling plain in the rear of Fort Detroit. Major Denny was left on the Canada side with 130 convalescents and a corps of artillerists, to occupy Sandwich and afford all possible protection to the well-disposed inhabitants. In consequence of negotiations for a suspension of hostilities between the American and B