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rflow. General Floyd's brigade consisted of two Virginia regiments and one Mississippi regiment; these, as before mentioned, it was agreed that General Floyd might withdraw before the surrender. Two of the field officers, Colonel Russell and Major Brown of the Mississippi regiment, the twentieth, had been officers of the First Mississippi Riflemen in the war with Mexico; the twentieth, their present regiment, was reputed to be well instructed and under good discipline. This regiment was left to be surrendered with the rest of the garrison, under peculiar circumstances, of which Major Brown, then commanding, gives the following narrative: About twelve o'clock of the night previous to the surrender, I received an order to report in person at headquarters. On arriving I met Colonel N. B. Forrest, who remarked: I have been looking for you; they are going to surrender this place, and I wanted you with your command to go out with me, but they have other orders for you. On entering
rity were ready to throw aside the last fragments of the Constitution in order to secure our subjugation. The argument for this usurpation was thus framed: assuming that the state of the nation was one of general hostility, and that, being so involved, it possessed the power of self-defense, it was asserted that the supreme power of making and conducting war was expressly placed in Congress by the Constitution. The whole powers of war are vested in Congress. United States Supreme Court, Brown vs. United States, 1 Cranch. There is no such power in the judiciary, and the Executive is simply commander-in-chief of the army and navy; all other powers not necessarily implied in the command of the military and naval forces are expressly given to Congress. The theory was that the contingency of actual hostilities suspended the Constitution and gave to Congress the sovereign power of a nation creating new relations and conferring new rights, imposing extraordinary obligations on the ci
e was finished to the Yazoo River, events on the river above having rendered this necessary for her security. After she was supposed to be ready for service, Commander Brown, then as previously in charge of her, went down the Yazoo to enter the Mississippi and proceed to Vicksburg. The enemy's fleet of some twelve or thirteen ramazoo enters the Mississippi. Anticipating the descent of the Arkansas, a detachment had been made from this fleet to prevent her exit. The annexed letter of Commander Brown describes what occurred in the Yazoo River: steamer Arkansas, July 15, 1862. General: The Benton, or whatever ironclad we disabled, was left with coith our miscellaneous crew, who had never, for the most part, been on board a ship, or at big guns. I am, General, very respectfully, your obedient servant, J. N. Brown, Lieutenant commanding. To Brigadier-General M. L. Smith, commanding defenses at Vicksburg. When entering the Mississippi the fleet of the enemy was found
y with which Great Britain was at peace. Referring to the Alabama, as she was when she left the Mersey, Mr. Laird said: If a ship without guns and without arms is a dangerous article, surely rifled guns and ammunition of all sorts are equally and even more dangerous. I have referred to the bills of entry in the custom-houses of London and Liverpool, and I find that there has been vast shipments of implements of war to the Northern States through the celebrated houses of Baring & Co.; Brown, Shipley & Co.; and a variety of other names. . . . I have obtained from the official custom-house returns some details of the sundries exported from the United Kingdom to the Northern States of America from the 1st of May, 1861, to the 31st of December, 1862. There were—muskets, 41,500; rifles, 341,000; gun-flints, 26,500; percussion-caps, 49,982,000; and swords, 2,250. The best information I could obtain leads me to believe that one third to a half may be added to these numbers for item
tober 12, 1878, and handed to me by the friend to whom it was addressed: On Wednesday or Thursday, I think the 28th or 29th of June, 1864, a messenger came to my house, sent, as he said, by General Johnston, Senator Wigfall, of Texas, and Governor Brown, of Georgia. The purpose of his mission, as he explained, was to persuade me to write a letter to President Davis urging him to order either Morgan or Forrest with five thousand men into Sherman's rear, etc. . . . The result of this intcould compel Sherman to fight at a disadvantage or retreat, and there was no reason why either should not be sent if the President should give the order. He explained that he (General Johnston) had had a consultation with Senator Wigfall and Governor Brown, the result of which was the messenger to me to secure my cooperation to influence President Davis to make the order. I repelled the idea that any influence with the President was needed, and stated that, if the facts were as General Joh
forces in Mississippi, 60-61. Report on failure to pursue Rosecrans, 362. Branch, General, 83, 132, 133, 268, 283. Braxton, General, 449. Breckinridge, General John C., 30, 37, 44, 46, 47, 48, 51, 204-05, 326, 355, 361, 441, 444, 445, 446, 447, 569, 570, 579, 581,589, 590. Brennan, Henry M., 510. Brent, Major, 202, 203. Brockenbrough, General, 93. Brodie, Dr. R. L., 60. Brooke, Commander, 164, 168, 191. Brooklyn (ship), 207-08, 212. Brooks, Governor of Arkansas, 642. Brown, Governor of Georgia, 472. Major, account of Fort Donelson's surrender, 28. Commander Isaac N., 192. Report on activities of the Arkansas, 203-05. Browne, Col. W. M., 482. Bryan, 85. Buchanan, General, 639. Admiral Franklin, 82, 165, 168, 169, 170, 173. Trial battle with Federal ships, 166-67. Buckner, Gen. Simon B., 24, 26, 27, 34, 35, 36, 337, 356, 357,358, 359, 360, 462, 526. Buell, Gen. D. C., 15, 31, 35, 38, 41, 43, 46, 47, 50, 52, 53, 55, 57, 58, 323-4, 326, 327. Bull Run Ba