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so as to form the required pattern. Lace-weaving. In lace-weaving, the threads of the weft are twisted round those of the warp. The manner of twisting determines the character of the net and its name, as whip-net, mail-net, pattern-net, drop-net, spider-net, balloon-net, Paris-net, bobbin-net. The classification of laces at the English exhibition of 1851 was as follows: — 1. Pillow-lace, the article or fabric being wholly made by hand (known as Valencieanes, Mechlia, Honiton, Buckingham); or Guipare made by the crochet-needle; and silk lace, called blande when white, and Chantilly, Pay, Grammont, and black Buckinghamshire, when black. 2. Lace, the ground being machine-wrought, the ornamentation made on the pillow and afterwards applied to the ground (known as Brussels, Honiton, or appliquee lace). 3. Machine-made net or quillings, wholly plain, whether warp or bobbin (known as bobbin-net, tulles, blondes, Cambraic, Mechlin, Malines, Brussels, Alencon, etc.). 4. L
person, much in vogue during the last century. It was usually carried by two men, by means of a pole on each side. A similar contrivance, termed sella, was used by the Romans under the Empire; the poles (asseres) were removable. The name is derived from Sedan, in France, where they were originally made. Their introduction into England dates back to 1581. Sir Sanders Duncomb obtained a patent or monopoly of their manufacture for 14 years. In the reign of James 1. the Duke of Buckingham incurred great odium by using one, requiring free Britons to perform the work of beasts. Come in a sedan from the other end of the town. — Pepys' Diary, 1667. The reigns of Queen Anne and the first Georges seem to have been the golden age of the sedan-chair. Sed′i-ment-col-lect′or. (Steam.) A device to prevent the deposition of sediment on the bottom of boilers. An inverted hollow cone, whose mouth is a little above the water surface of the boiler. It communicates with the
viallin, and to an abominable base viall at Hempson's, which, with his fiddle, made the worst music I ever heard. He [Templer] is a great traveller, and says all the harvest long the fiddlers go up and down the harvest fields [in Italy?] everywhere, in expectation of being hired by those that are stung [by the tarantulas]. — Pepys, 1662. We into the house and there fell to dancing, having extraordinary musick, two viollins, and a base viollin and theorbo, four hands, the Duke of Buckingham's musick, the best in towne. . . . . I paid the fiddlers £ 3 among the four, and so to bed. — Pepys's Diary, 1668. Syrian Kermanjek, and 'ood. A mention of the fiddle in England occurs in the legendary tale of St. Christopher, written early in the thirteenth century:— The king loved the melody of fithele and of song The instrument was noticed by Chaucer, but was not common till the time of Charles II., who, in imitation of Louis XIV and his band of performers under the leadersh