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their separate commands to Fort Donelson. General Buckner also was sent with a division from Bowlinhout any serious opposition. On the 13th General Buckner reports that the fire of the enemy's artihether his neighbor was friend or foe. General Buckner had halted, according to the preconcertedation. Floyd assented to this view, and told Buckner to stand fast until he could see Pillow. He it was necessary to complete it. Accordingly, Buckner was recalled. In the mean time, Pillow's rigoners; the duty was therefore allotted to General Buckner. Floyd said, General Buckner, if I placeGeneral Buckner, if I place you in command, will you allow me to draw out my brigade? General Buckner replied, Yes, provided General Buckner replied, Yes, provided you do so before the enemy act upon my communication. Floyd said, General Pillow, I turn over the of our rifle pits on the right flank, and General Buckner, an experienced soldier, held that the fotime of the departure of the boat, General S. B. Buckner came and asserted that he had turned over [6 more...]
ence of their action, the occupation of Bowling Green became necessary as an act of self-defense, at least in the first step. About the middle of September General Buckner advanced with a small force of about four thousand men, which was increased by the 15th of October to twelve thousand; and, though accessions of force were reon. I had made every disposition for the defense of the fort my means allowed, and the troops were among the best of my forces. The generals, Floyd, Pillow, and Buckner, were high in the opinion of officers and men for skill and courage, and among the best officers of my command. They were popular with the volunteers, and all harender will be transmitted to the Secretary of War as soon as they can be collected, in obedience to his order. It appears from the information received that General Buckner, being the junior officer, took the lead in advising the surrender, and that General Floyd acquiesced, and that they all concurred in the belief that their fo
cavalry force remaining in Pemberton's command compelled him to keep infantry detachments at many points liable to attack by raiding parties of the enemy's mounted troops, a circumstance seriously interfering with the concentration of the forces of his command. Instructions were sent to all the commanders of his cavalry detachments to move toward Grand Gulf, to harass the enemy in flank and rear, obstructing, as far as might be, communications with his base. A dispatch was sent to Major General Buckner, commanding at Mobile, asking him to protect the Mobile and Ohio Railroad, as Pemberton required all the troops he could spare to strengthen General Bowen. A dispatch was also sent to General J. E. Johnston at Tullahoma, saying that the Army of Tennessee must be relied on to guard the approaches through north Mississippi. To Major General Stevenson, at Vicksburg, he sent a dispatch: Hold five thousand men in readiness to move to Grand Gulf, and, on the requisiton of Brigadier-Gener
occupation of Chattanooga. At this time General Buckner held Knoxville and commanded the districttant line of communication in its rear, which Buckner and Jones were relied on to defend. On Augtimated at over twenty-five thousand men. General Buckner, therefore, evacuated Knoxville, and tooknside, and I was not advised of the fact that Buckner had previously retreated toward Chattanooga, Georgia. The enemy first attempted to strike Buckner in the rear, but failing, commenced a movemeny immediately moved the corps that threatened Buckner into Chattanooga; shortly after, it commencedrmed on his left opposite Alexander's Bridge, Buckner's next, near Tedford Ford, Polk opposite Lee nce was resumed at daylight on the 19th, when Buckner's corps with Cheatham's division of Polk's coauga, and our line of battle was thus formed: Buckner's left rested on the bank of the stream aboutfill this, Stewart's division (the reserve of Buckner's corps) was ordered up, and soon became enga
, would result in forcing the Federal army to evacuate the Tennessee Valley and make an advance into the heart of the state safely practicable. The irreparable loss of time in making any forward movement as desired having sufficed for the combinations which rendered an advance across the Tennessee River no longer practicable, I took prompt measures to enable General Johnston to carry out immediately his own proposition to strike first at Ringgold and then at Cleveland, proposing that General Buckner should threaten Knoxville, General Forrest advance into or threaten Middle Tennessee, and General Roddy hold the enemy in northern Alabama, and thus prevent his concentration in our front. This movement, although it held out no such promise as did the plan of advance before the enemy had had time to make his combinations, might have been attended with good results had it been promptly executed. But no such movement was made or even attempted. General Johnston's belief that General Gr
or of either of them, in his negotiations would have exposed the groundlessness of his fiction. But the Constitution required him to recognize each of them, for they had simply exercised a power which it expressly reserved for their exercise. Thus it is seen who violated the Constitution, and upon whom rests the responsibility of the war. It has been stated above that the conditions offered to our soldiers whenever they proposed to capitulate, were only those of subjugation. When General Buckner, on February 16, 1862, asked of General Grant to appoint commissioners to agree upon terms of capitulation, he replied: No terms, except unconditional and immediate surrender, can be accepted. When General Lee asked the same question, on April 9, 1865, General Grant replied: The terms upon which peace can be had are well understood. By the South laying down their arms, they will hasten that most desirable event, save thoussands of human lives and hundreds of millions of pro
rent, Major, 202, 203. Brockenbrough, General, 93. Brodie, Dr. R. L., 60. Brooke, Commander, 164, 168, 191. Brooklyn (ship), 207-08, 212. Brooks, Governor of Arkansas, 642. Brown, Governor of Georgia, 472. Major, account of Fort Donelson's surrender, 28. Commander Isaac N., 192. Report on activities of the Arkansas, 203-05. Browne, Col. W. M., 482. Bryan, 85. Buchanan, General, 639. Admiral Franklin, 82, 165, 168, 169, 170, 173. Trial battle with Federal ships, 166-67. Buckner, Gen. Simon B., 24, 26, 27, 34, 35, 36, 337, 356, 357,358, 359, 360, 462, 526. Buell, Gen. D. C., 15, 31, 35, 38, 41, 43, 46, 47, 50, 52, 53, 55, 57, 58, 323-4, 326, 327. Bull Run Batles of, see Manassas. Bullock, Capt. James D., 208, 210, 211, 221. Rufus,W. 632. Burnside, Gen. Ambrose E., 64, 269, 294, 295, 298, 300, 357, 358, 365, 421, 436, 438. Mining of Confederate fort at Petersburg, 545-47. Butler, General (Confederate), 538, 539. Gen. Benjamin F., 64, 187, 251, 414, 42