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The Annals of the Civil War Written by Leading Participants North and South (ed. Alexander Kelly McClure), Morgan's Indiana and Ohio raid. (search)
e, he directed his movements in accordance with the programme of the great war. The military situation in General Bragg's department was ominous of ill-fortune to the Confederates. Bragg's army, always inferior to the one opposing it, in numerical strength, had recently been greatly reduced by large detachments summoned by General Joseph E. Johnston, to aid in his projected movement to relieve Vicksburg. It was confronted at Tullahoma by the vastly superior forces of Rosecrans. General Simon Buckner was holding East Tennessee with a force entirely inadequate to the defense of that important region. General Burnside was concentrating in Kentucky, for the invasion of East Tennessee, a force variously estimated at from twenty to more than thirty thousand men. It was estimated that on the Kentucky and Tennessee border there were, at least, ten or twelve thousand Federal troops, under the command of a General Judah, five thousand of which were excellent cavalry. This body was
The Annals of the Civil War Written by Leading Participants North and South (ed. Alexander Kelly McClure), Morgan's Indiana and Ohio Railroad. (search)
were to move on parallel lines, the first toward Knoxville, the second toward Chattanooga. It was a most favorable moment to strike directly into the heart of the Confederacy. Bragg had weakened himself to strengthen Johnston in his vain endeavor first to prevent, and then to raise the siege of Vicksburg. Burnside and his troops concentrated near the Tennessee line. His cavalry was thrown well forward. He waited the signal from Murfreesboro to move southward in concert with Rosecrans. Buckner held East Tennessee feebly. It was one of those supreme opportunities that occur in all great wars, which, if seized in a strong hand and wielded with vigor, can be so improved as to end the strife in one heavy, short, and sharp campaign. A competent military critic, looking at the situation from to-day, would probably conclude that, had these three armies been controlled by one master of right qualities, he would have brought the campaign to a glorious end by autumn, and brushed the Conf
g point — that I do not care one iota for my present position. Sept. .--I started early in the day to be present at the presentation of colors to McCall's division by Gov. Curtin. It was long and fatiguing. I then rode over the Chain Bridge and back by Fort Corcoran. When I returned I had a great deal of tedious work to do and fell asleep in the midst of it. This morning I have had a siege with the Sanitary Committee, and don't think I will ride out to-day. How did you learn that Buckner and Smith have joined the rebel army? I can hardly believe it. You have no idea how the men brighten up now when I go among them. I can see every eye glisten. Yesterday they nearly pulled me to pieces in one regiment. You never heard such yelling. Did I tell you that Lawrence Williams has been promoted and leaves my staff? I do not in the least doubt his loyalty. I enclose a card just received from A. Lincoln ; it shows too much deference to be seen outside. No date. The enemy
ns, and some officers of experience to Kentucky, stating that the importance of his department was beyond all estimate. On the 3d, after giving in detail the position of the troops, about 25,000, he says: Our forces are too small to do good and too large to sacrifice. On the 4th he telegraphed to me: The publication of Adj.-Gen. Thomas's report impairs my influence. I insist upon being relieved to your army, my old brigade. Please answer. On the 6th he telegraphed me: . . . If Simon Buckner crosses Green river by the practicable fords, of which there are many at wide marks, may get in McCook's rear. Look at map between camp and Louisville. Two roads, one by Bards-town and other by mouth of Salt river. The great danger is in stripping Ohio and Indiana of troops and putting them on this side with no retreat. The enemy also threatens the lower river at Owensboro, where I have nothing but unorganized volunteers. I have not a copy of the telegram, but my memory is clear t
7. Boonsborough, Md., 561, 564, 572, 573, 584. Bottom's bridge, Va, 348, 360, 362, 363, 377. Bowen, Lieut. N., 125. Bragg, Gen. B., 39. Bramhall, Capt., 428. Branch, Gen., 374. 375. Brentsville, Va., 232. Brick House, Va., 303, 304. Brooks, Gen. W. T., at Yorktown, 285, 300, 301 ; Savage's Station, 428 ; Maryland, 503, 600, 613. Brooks, Col., 427, 595, 596. Brownsville, Md., 560, 584. Bruin, Col., 74. Buckhannon, W. Va., 58-60. Buckingham, Gen. C. P., 651, 652, 660. Buckner, Gen. S., interview with McClellan, 49 ; version of interview, 49, 58 ; in West, 201. Buell, Gen. D. C, at Washington, 1861, 81, 96, 107, 138, 139 ; in West, 202, 209, 210, 214, 243 ; Peninsula, 234, 239. Bull Run, Va , battle of, preventable, 47 ; results, 49, 71. Bunker Hill, Va., 191-195. Burke, Col., 597, 598. Burkittsville, Md., 560-562. Burns, Gen. W. W., 428 432. Burnside, Gen. A. E., at Washington, ‘61, 87, 113, 270; N. Carolina. 203, 206, 234, 241, 245, 249. 403; Fortress M
tender a vote of thanks to all the officers and men engaged in the defence of Fort Donelson. He regarded that as one of the most heroic struggles that had or would take place during the continuance of the war. He had the utmost confidence in Gen. Buckner, and if he had not been taken prisoner, he believed he would have been one of the Napoleons of our Sicily in this war. He had the same confidence in Gideon Pillow and John B. Floyd that he had in Simon Buckner. He would vote for the resolutioSimon Buckner. He would vote for the resolution of thanks, and would make it five hundred percent stronger. After considerable discussion, participated in by Messrs. Foots, Wilcox and others. Mr. Pugh of Ala., moved that the resolution be laid upon the table, and the motion was agreed to. Mr. Swann introduced a resolution for the preparation of geographical and topographical maps. Referred to Committee on Military Affairs. Mr. Gray, of Texas, offered a resolution to instruct the Committee on Claims to inquire into the