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oneman having been relieved,) assisted by Generals Buford and Gregg and Col. Dufie, as subordinate iver as soon as it was daylight. At dawn Gen. Buford's command was in motion. Col. Davis's brig be getting reenforcements at any moment. General Buford having driven the enemy's pickets and skirand in a short time Gen. Pleasanton found that Buford's small division was opposed by three strong bthe right. But they were handsomely foiled by Buford, and for two hours there was very sharp skirmiir rear, Russell was on their right flank, and Buford on their front. They therefore made a hasty r off toward the right, to make connection with Buford. They had but a narrow strip of land, not coveing effected with Gregg's column on the left, Buford and Ames were pushing out on the right, and, with Vincent's battery, Buford had by two o'clock carried all the crests occupied by the enemy duringome slight skirmishing, we were not molested. Buford's division fell back to Beverly Ford, and Greg[7 more...]
Rebellion Record: a Diary of American Events: Documents and Narratives, Volume 7. (ed. Frank Moore), Casualties in the First New-Jersey cavalry. (search)
rce in front. Gen. Gregg, though sending frequently for this command, did not see it again until the movement to join Gen. Buford, who, as stated in a previous letter, had crossed the river at Beverly Ford, and was engaged with a superior force of l back toward Kelly's Ford, united and moved up the right of the Rappahannock, across the railroad, until the left of General Buford's command was reached some time during the afternoon. The fact that the rebels did not make a step toward following me permitted. One of the most remarkable, perhaps, was a dash made by Major Martin, of the Ninth New-York cavalry, in Gen. Buford's command. In front of their line were two belts of timber, extending from the main forest, the whole of which was ocninth instant. Continual cannonading was heard on our right ever since five o'clock; it was at Beverly's Ford, where General Buford had engaged parts of Fitz-Hugh Lee's and Wade Hampton's divisions. After crossing the ford the whole division marche
l Reynolds, on receiving his first notice an hour ago from Buford's cavalry, that the rebels were in the vicinity of Gettysb needed protection, there were none at all. A battery with Buford's cavalry stood near. Wadsworth cut red tape and in an inon, the left at Emmetsburgh and the right at New-Windsor. Buford's division of cavalry was on the left flank, with his advacollected under the orders of Major-General Reynolds. Gen. Buford having reported from Gettysburgh the appearance of the eat place, on the first day of July, General Reynolds found Buford's cavalry warmly engaged with the enemy, who had debouched but was being held in check in the most gallant manner by Buford's cavalry. Major-General Reynolds immediately moved aroun dead and wounded, and numerous prisoners in our hands. Buford's division of cavalry, after its arduous service at Gettysstroyed the enemy's ponton-bridge and captured its guard. Buford was at the same time sent to Williamsport and Hagerstown.
of our shells, which at times covered them with earth and dust. Among the prisoners are one lieutenant.general, four major-generals, fifteen brigadiers, and eighty staff-officers. The names of the former are as follows: Lieutenant-General John C. Pemberton, Pa.; Major-General Stevenson, Ala.; Major-General Martin Luther Smith, La.; Major-General Forney, Ala.; Major-General Bowen, Mo.; Brigadier-General Lee,----; Brigadier-General Moore, La.; Brigadier-General Hebert, La.; Brigadier-General Abraham Buford, Ky.; Brigadier-General Schoepff; Brigadier-General Baldwin; Brigadier-General Harris, Tenn.; Brigadier-General Vaughan, Mo. ; Brigadier-General Taylor; Brigadier-General Cummings; Brigadier-General Gardner; Brigadier-General Barton; Brigadier-General Withers, La. Pemberton, as is well known, is a Philadelphian by birth, who early in life married a Southern lady, and has since cast his lot with that section. He has been a trusted friend of Jeff Davis, and was by him intruste
ched the crest of the hill overlooking Williamsport, on the Boonsboro pike. General Buford's command had been engaged with the enemy two or three miles to the left folling to sleep in the spot where they halted. Colonel Devins's brigade, of General Buford's command, had relieved the rearguard, and were harassed by the enemy all nclosely the rearguard, and at intervals there was brisk skirmishing between General Buford's command and the enemy. The same was true of the night. The Sixth cavalrge force, and by ten o'clock the fandango opened in real earnest, in which both Buford's and Kilpatrick's troops participated. The enemy were forced back to the Antil Gibbins, Frederick Williams, prisoners. Just at the close of the fight General Buford's command came up and pursued the flying foe to the river, capturing four hsuit. the left at Williamsport. Leaving Frederick City on the sixth, General Buford made a short halt at Boonsboro, and then moved upon Williamsport, where he
ess was complete. We found out the whereabouts of the enemy emphatically. We interfered with his purposed raid, for we captured his plan and letters of instruction, which we have now at headquarters, Second brigade, Third cavalry division. General Buford was to cross Beverly Ford and attack the enemy in front, while General Gregg's and Colonel Duffie's divisions crossed at Kelly's Ford, and passing around his rear attacked him there. Your correspondent was with General Gregg's division. At sunrise we heard the cannonading. of Buford's command. At half-past 7 A. M., we commenced to cross; at ten, we nabbed the enemy's picket; at half-past 10, the Second brigade, Third division, commanded by Colonel Wyndham, struck his main body, and the play began. A section of artillery, supported by the First Maryland cavalry, was instantly thrown to the front and placed in position. As soon as his regiment was formed Major Russell, First Maryland cavalry, led his second squadron to the cha
f horses, and more than one hundred prisoners, representing nearly every State in the Confederacy. Moving out of Middleburgh this morning, the troops under General Buford took a road to the right, leading to Unionville, while General Gregg moved up the main road direct toward Ashby's Gap, passing through Rector's Cross-Roads. Ce, and excited the admiration of all for their gallant conduct and excellent example. While the centre and left were engaged with General Stuart in person, General Buford, with varying success, was fighting Alphabet Lee on the right. At this hour he has the enemy in front forced back to the mountains. The rebels alone the ls stubborn resistance, they were in motion toward Ashby's Gap, no doubt impressed with the idea that there was more safety than gallantry in such a movement. General Buford, commanding the First division, followed up closely on the right, and Gregg, with his Second division, was close at their heels on the left. It was a running
Gap, through which the balance of the army passed. Thursday night's headquarters were moved to the Mountain House in the Gap, four miles west of Middletown. On Friday, the army was all well over the mountain, well in hand for attack or defence more so by far than when the enemy made this attack at Gettysburgh, for the corps were then twenty miles away. Thursday night, the Sixth corps, which was in advance, had pushed out four miles beyond Boonsboro, or within three miles of Funkstown, Buford's cavalry having gallantly cleared the road after two days severe fighting with Stuart. On Friday, the headquarters of General Meade were established near Antietam Bridge, on the Williamsport road, three miles west of Boonsboro, and seven miles south of Hagerstown, they remaining there until Tuesday night. From Friday until Tuesday morning, our average advance against the enemy was about three miles. During this time our line was formed on the west side of the Antietam, and we approa
rk. The Second brigade having come up, it was quickly thrown into position, and after a fight of two hours and thirty minutes, we routed the enemy at all points, and drove him toward the river. When within a short distance of the bridge General Buford's command came up and took the advance. We lost twenty-nine killed, thirty-six wounded, and forty missing. We found upon the field one hundred and twenty-five doad rebels, and brought away after-ward fifty wounded. A large number of the e fifty wounded. A large number of the enemy's wounded were left upon the field in charge of their own surgeons. We captured two guns, three battle-flags, and upward of one thousand five hundred prisoners. To General Custer and his brigade, Lieutenant Pennington and his battery, and one squadron of the Eighth New-York cavalry, of General Buford's command, all praise is due. Very respectfully, your obedient servant, J. Kilpatrick, Brigadier-General Volunteers, Commanding the Division.
nemy into the Shenandoah Valley. On the second instant his scouts reported to him that one corps of the enemy was at or below Front Royal, just through Manassas Gap, and that the other two corps were behind and rapidly approaching that point. Buford's division of cavalry were alone in occupation of this important mountain-pass, through which it seemed probable the enemy intended to force his way, and they were calling loudly for reinforcements, representing that the entire rebel army was men by four o'clock the corps was in motion. By an almost unprecedented march they reached Piedmont before dark, when, without halting, the First division, (Birney's command,) temporarily commanded by General Ward, was thrown forward to support General Buford, who was found to be ten miles in advance up the gap. Thus it was nearly midnight when this division reached its camping ground, in the vicinity of Linden, a little town close in among the mountains. Early on the following morning General Fr
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