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General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 1: the Ante-bellum life of the author. (search)
on Territory, returned to military service, and fell on the sanguinary field of Chantilly on the 1st of September, 1862. Next on the class roll was Henry Wager Halleck, who was commander-in-chief of the United States armies from July, 1862, to March, 1864. W. T. Sherman and George H. Thomas, of the Union army, and R. S. Ewell, of the Confederate army, were of the same class (1840). The class of 1841 had the largest list of officers killed in action. Irons, Ayers, Ernst, Gantt, Morris, and Burbank were killed in the Mexican War. N. Lyon, R. S. Garnett, J. F. Reynolds, R. B. Garnett, A. W. Whipple, J. M. Jones, I. B. Richardson, and J. P. Garesche fell on the fields of the late war. Of the class of 1842 few were killed in action, but several rose to distinguished positions,--Newton, Eustis, Rosecrans, Lovell, Van Dorn, Pope, Sykes, G. W. Smith, M. L. Smith, R. H. Anderson, L. McLaws, D. H. Hill, A. P. Stewart, B. S. Alexander, N. J. T. Dana, and others. But the class next afte
General James Longstreet, From Manassas to Appomattox, Chapter 19: battle of Sharpsburg, or Antietam (continued). (search)
son. Second Brigade, (1) Col. William A. Christian, (2) Col. Peter Lyle; 26th N. Y., Lieut.-Col. Richard H. Richardson; 94th N. Y., Lieut.-Col. Calvin Littlefield; 88th Pa., Lieut.-Col. George W. Gile, Capt. Henry R. Myers; 90th Pa., Col. Peter Lyle, Lieut.-Col. William A. Leech. Third Brigade, (1) Brig.-Gen. George L. Hartsuff, Wounded September 17. (2) Col. Richard Coulter; 16th Me., Joined September 9, and detached September 13 as railroad guard. Col. Asa W. Wildes; 12th Mass., Maj. Elisha Burbank, Capt. Benjamin F. Cook; 13th Mass., Maj. J. Parker Gould; 83d N. Y. (9th Militia), Lieut.-Col. William Atterbury; 11th Pa., Col. Richard Coulter, Capt. David M. Cook. Artillery, 1st Pa. Light, Batt. F, Capt. Ezra Wv. Matthews; Pa. Light, Batt. C, Capt. James Thompson. Third Division, (1) Brig.-Gen. George G. Meade, (2) Brig.-Gen. Truman Seymour:--First Brigade, (1) Brig.-Gen. Truman Seymour, (2) Col. R. Biddle Roberts; 1st Pa. Reserves, Col. R. Biddle Roberts, Capt. William C. Ta
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: Volume 2., The opposing forces in the Maryland campaign. (search)
. Antietam, k, 59; w, 233; m, 35 == 327. Second Brigade, Col. William A. Christian, Col. Peter Lyle (w): 26th N. Y., Lieut.-Col. Richard H. Richardson; 94th N. Y., Lieut.-Col. Calvin Littlefield; 88th Pa., Lieut.-Col. George W. Gile (w), Capt. Henry R. Myers; 90th Pa., Col. Peter Lyle, Lieut.-Col. William A. Leech. Brigade loss: South Mountain, k, 2; w, 6 == 8. Antietam, k, 28; w, 197; m, 29 == 254. Third Brigade, Brig.-Gen. George L. Hartsuff (w), Col. Richard Coulter: 12th Mass., Maj. Elisha Burbank (m w), Capt. Benjamin F. Cook; 13th Mass., Maj. J. Parker Gould; 83d N. Y. (9th Militia), Lieut.-Col. William Atterbury; 11th Pa., Col. Richard Coulter, Capt. David M. Cook. Brigade loss: South Mountain, k, 2; w, 4 == 6. Antietam, k, 82; w, 497; m, 20 599. Artillery: F, 1st Pa., Capt. Ezra W. Matthews; C, Pa., Capt. James Thompson. Artillery loss: Antietam, k, 3; w, 19; m, 2 == 24. Third division (Pa. Reserves), Brig.-Gen. George G. Meade, Brig.-Gen. Truman Seymour. First Briga
fighting in the wheat-field, and also by the gallant action of Vincent's Brigade in seizing Little Round Top, just in time to save the Army from what might have been a serious disaster. The corps' loss at Gettysburg was 365 killed, 1,611 wounded, and 211 missing; a total of 2,187, out of about 11,000 actually engaged. The regular troops of the Army of the Potomac were all in the Fifth Corps, Second Division (Ayres' Division), and at Gettysburg these two brigades, under Colonels Day and Burbank, again displayed that marked efficiency which, at Gaines' Mill and on other fields, had made them famous, their thinned ranks becoming again sadly depleted under the terrible fire which they encountered. General Sykes remained in command, and handled the corps on the Mine Run campaign; the division generals were Bartlett, Ayres, and Crawford. In March, 1864, the First Corps was transferred to the Fifth, and General G. K. Warren was assigned to the command. The First and Second Divisi
winter-quarters at Frederick, Md. It commenced active service in April, 1862, in the Shenandoah Valley, then in Hartsuff's (3d) Brigade, Ricketts's (2d) Division, McDowell's Corps. While in this command it was engaged at Manassas, where its losses amounted to 13 killed, 61 wounded, and 63 missing; Colonel Webster, a son of Daniel Webster, was killed there. The regiment faced a terrible fire at Antietam, losing 49 killed, 165 wounded, and 10 missing, out of 334 present on the field; Major Elisha Burbank was mortally wounded in that battle. At Fredericksburg, the regiment was in Lyle's (2d) Brigade, Gibbon's (2d) Division, First Corps; its casualties in that fight were 14 killed, 86 wounded, and 4 missing, out of 258 engaged. General Baxter commanded the brigade at Gettysburg, and Robinson the division — the regiment losing, there 5 killed, 52 wounded, and 62 missing, out of about 200 in line. The division was transferred, in 1864, to the Fifth Corps. At the Wilderness, Lieutenant-
ons; the others, one each. The brigade took 1,566 officers and men into action, and sustained a loss of 94 killed, 489 wounded, Including the mortally wounded. and 47 missing; total, 630. The 16th Infantry lost 166 out of 308 engaged, or over 53 per cent. At Gettysburg the two Regular brigades of Ayres's Division included ten regiments, but they contained, in all, only fifty-seven small companies. Out of 1,985 present in action, they lost 829 in killed, wounded and missing; and, in Burbank's Brigade, out of 80 officers present, 40 were killed or wounded. Heavy losses were also sustained at Gaines's Mill by the 2d, 12th, and 14th Infantry; at Manassas, by the 14th; and at Spotsylvania, by the 11th. The 9th Infantry was stationed on the Pacific Coast during the entire war. The 5th Infantry served in New Mexico. A part of the 8th Infantry was present at Cedar Mountain, where it fought in Augur's Division, Banks's Corps; and some of the companies served as a provost-guard