y waged, and resulted in the treaty of peace with Great Britain of 1783, by the terms of which the several States were each by name recognized to be independent.
I have already given the reason for this enumeration, but the main fact alleged in the passage is entirely without foundation.
The Articles of Confederation were first signed by the delegates from eight of the States, on the 9th of July, 1778, more than three years after the commencement of the war, long after the capitulation of Burgoyne, the alliance with France, and the reception of a French Minister.
The ratification of the other States was given at intervals the following years, the last not till 1781, seven months only before the virtual close of the war, by the surrender of Cornwallis.
Then, and not till then, was the Contract of Alliance consummated.
Most true it is, as Mr. Davis bids us remark, that, by these Articles of Confederation the States retained each its sovereignty, freedom, and independence.
It is not