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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Parliament, English (search)
us acts of Parliament had forced them into acts of resistance. Taxes have been levied upon them, he said; their charters have been violated, nay, taken away; administration has attempted to overawe them by the most cruel and oppressive laws. Edmund Burke condemned the use of discretionary power made by General Gage at Boston. James Grenville deprecated the use of force against the Americans, because they did not aim at independence; while Mr. Adam thought it absolutely necessary to reduce thesuccessful in their opposition, they would certainly proceed to independence. He attempted to show that their subjugation would be easy, because there would be no settled form of government in America, and all must be anarchy and confusion. Mr. Burke asked leave to bring in a bill for composing the troubles in America, and for quieting the minds of the colonists. He believed concession to be the true path to pursue to reach the happy result. He proposed a renunciation of the exercise of t
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Pitt, William 1708-1778 (search)
sequences. The King, too, felt unpleasant forebodings. He showered kind words upon the retiring statesman, and offered to confer a title of honor upon him, but it was then declined. He accepted for his wife the honorary title of Baroness of Chatham, with a pension for her, her husband, and their eldest son, of $15,000 a year. In 1766 he was created Viscount Pitt and Earl of Chatham, and was then called to the head of public affairs. He formed a cabinet of heterogeneous materials, which Burke wittily described as a piece of diversified mosaic, a tessellated pavement without cement—here a bit of black stone, there a bit of white—patriots and courtiers, King's friends and republicans, Whigs and Tories, treacherous friends and open enemies—a very curious show, but utterly unsafe to touch and unsure to stand upon. Pitt's elevation to the peerage injured his popularity. Chesterfield said, Pitt has gone to the hospital of incurable statesmen —the House of Lords. In January, 1766,
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Revolutionary War, (search)
It united them and kindled a war. There was, however, a strong minority in the British Parliament who were anxious for reconciliation between Great Britain and her American colonies from the beginning of the dispute. In the House of Commons, Edmund Burke introduced a bill (Nov. 16, 1775) repealing all the offensive acts and granting an amnesty as to the past, thus waving the points in dispute. Burke supported the bill with one of his ablest speeches, but it was rejected by a vote of two to oBurke supported the bill with one of his ablest speeches, but it was rejected by a vote of two to one. On the contrary, a bill was carried by the ministry (Dec. 21) prohibiting all trade with the thirteen colonies, and declaring their ships and goods, and those of all persons trafficking with them, lawful prize. The act also authorized the impressment for service in the royal navy of the crews of all captured colonial vessels; also the appointment of commissioners by the crown, with authority to grant pardon and exemption from the penalties of the act to such colonies or individuals as mig
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Rights of man, (search)
Rights of man, The title of Thomas Paine's famous reply to Edmund Burke's Reflections on the French Revolution. It was issued in England, and had an immense sale. It was translated into French, and won for the author a seat in the French National Assembly. Thomas Jefferson, then Secretary of State, had come from France filled with the radical ideas of the French Revolutionists, and thought he saw, in the coolness of the President and others, a sign of decaying republicanism in America. The essays of Adams, entitled Discourses on Davila, disgusted him, and he believed that Adams, Hamilton, Jay, and others were plotting for the establishment of a monarchy in the United States. To thwart these fancied designs and to inculcate the doctrines of the French Revolution, Jefferson hastily printed in America, and circulated, Paine's Rights of man, which had just been received from England. It was originally dedicated to the President of the United States. It inculcated principles co
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Spain, War with (search)
the afternoon of the 11th General Schwan sent out detachments of cavalry on both the roads leading to Lares to get information of the enemy's movements, and learned that the enemy was proceeding slowly on the Las Marias road. He ordered Lieutenant-Colonel Burke, of the 11th Infantry, to take six companies of that regiment and one platoon each of cavalry and artillery and make a reconnoissance on the road towards Lares. Colonel Burke left Mayaguez at 10.30 A. M. on the 12th and arrived at the fColonel Burke left Mayaguez at 10.30 A. M. on the 12th and arrived at the forks of the Las Marias and Maricao roads about sunset, where he bivouacked for the night. On the 13th he came up with a large force of Spaniards at the crossing of the Rio Prieto, near Las Marias, where a sharp engagement took place. On this reconnoissance seventeen Spaniards were killed, a large number wounded, and fifty-six prisoners taken. The victorious march of General Schwan's column, however, was arrested by the receipt, on the morning of the 14th, of orders to suspend hostilities. L
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Sumner, Charles 1811- (search)
ch an indulgent Heaven could bestow. Sumner has been sometimes likened to Edmund Burke. There is a slight resemblance between some of the prints of Burke and someBurke and some likenesses of Sumner. Sumner had been a student of Burke, and had caught something of the style of his statelier passages. They were both men of great intellectuaBurke, and had caught something of the style of his statelier passages. They were both men of great intellectual independence, and paid little deference to the opinions of their associates, so far as related to their action upon political questions. But here the resemblance ends. Sumner had none of Burke's subtlety of intellect. He had neither the taste nor the capacity for philosophical analysis. Burke loved to dwell upon a subject,Burke loved to dwell upon a subject, to consider it in all its relations, discover the most occult resemblances in things seemingly most unlike, and to develop differences in things apparently the mostry turned the Senate chamber into a bear-garden, is borrowed from a shaft which Burke launched at Lord North. The eulogy on Fessenden is, perhaps, the best specimen
y the college laws to wear a uniform, consisting of an Oxford cap, coat, pantaloons, and vest of the color known as Oxford mixed; but in the summer a white vest was permitted, no fancy colors being allowed. Sumner, probably having in his mind Edmund Burke, who on state occasions wore a buff-colored waiscoat, as Daniel Webster did when he was to speak in the Senate, procured a vest so near to buff color as not likely to be mistaken for white by the observer of the legal color. Now the tutor, pr with zest and keen avidity the works of the great masters. He was fascinated by the splendid diction of Hume and Gibbon, the charming style of Addison and Goldsmith, the glowing eloquence of William Pitt, of Richard Brinsley Sheridan, and of Edmund Burke. His imagination was enkindled by the golden thoughts of Dante, Milton (always with him a favorite), Dryden, Pope, and Shakspeare. With these immortal geniuses he lived, and from them drew his inspiration. He strolled, moreover, into distan
give him thanks. He hurt those who were able to requite a benefit or punish an injury. He well knew the snares that might be spread about his feet by political intrigue, personal animosity, and possibly by popular delusion. This is the path that all heroes have trod before him. He was traduced and maligned for his supposed motives. He well knew, that, as in the Roman triumphal processions, so in public service, obloquy is an essential ingredient in the composition of all true glory.--Edmund Burke. Early in 1848, a small company of reformers, among whom were Henry Wilson, Stephen C. Phillips, John A. Andrew, and Horace Mann, used to assemble frequently in the rooms of Mr. Sumner in Court Street to discuss the encroachments of the slaveocracy, and the duties and delinquencies of the Whig party. Here indeed was taken the first real political anti-slavery stand; and here, in view of the subserviency of prominent Whigs to Southern rule, was inaugurated the intrepid Free-soil party,
of the moral anti-slavery sentiment. I do not know, wrote the Rev. Nathaniel Hall, in our day a nobler instance of moral bravery. It is the best arranged and by far the most complete exposure of the horrid rite of slavery, wrote John Bigelow from New York, to be found within the same compass in any language, so far as known. I take pleasure in saying, said Horace White, in a letter written from Chicago, that in my opinion your recent effort ranks with Demosthenes on the Crown, and with Burke on Warren Hastings. Your speech, wrote A. A. Sargent (now senator from California) to Mr. Sumner, stirred my heart with feelings of pride for the representative of my native State. It was greatly feared by the friends of Mr. Sumner that personal violence would again be offered him; and, indeed, the attempt was made. On the eighth day of June, a stranger called on him in the evening, stating that he had come to hold him responsible for his speech, when Mr. Sumner directed him to leave
e was published in the October number of The Atlantic Monthly of the year following, and thus concludes:-- Behold the rebel States in arms against that paternal government to which, as the supreme condition of their constitutional existence, they owe duty and love; and behold all legitimate powers, executive, legislative, and judicial, in these States abandoned and vacated. It only remains that Congress should enter, and assume the proper jurisdiction. If we are not ready to exclaim with Burke, speaking of revolutionary France, It is but an empty space on the political map! we may at least adopt the response hurled back by Mirabeau, that this empty space is a volcano red with flames, and overflowing with lava-floods. But, whether we deal with it as empty space or as volcano, the jurisdiction, civil and military, centres in Congress, to be employed for the happiness, welfare, and renown of the American people, changing slavery into freedom, and present chaos into a cosmos of perp
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