Browsing named entities in George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 6, 10th edition.. You can also browse the collection for Edmund Burke or search for Edmund Burke in all documents.

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ursued the search for papers of this class, till I succeeded in securing letters official or private from Bollan; Jasper Mauduit; Richard Jackson,—the same who was Grenville's Secretary at the Exchequer, a distinguished Member of Parliament, and at one time Agent for three Colonies;—Arthur Lee; several unpublished ones of Franklin; the copious and most interesting, official and private Correspondence of William Samuel Johnson, Agent for Connecticut; one letter and fragments of letters of Edmund Burke, Agent for New-York; many and exceedingly valuable ones, of Garth a Member of Parliament and Agent for South Carolina; and specimens of the Correspondence of Knox and Franklin, as Agents of Georgia. Analogous to these are the confidential communications which passed between Hutchinson and Israel Mauduit and Thomas Whately; between one of the Proprietaries of Pennsylvania and Deputy Governor Hamilton; between Cecil Calvert and Hugh Hammersley, successive Secretaries of Maryland, and Lie
atham's Ministry, but to the modifications which Grafton afterwards made in it by a junction with the Bedfords, Chesterfield called the Cabinet a piece of Mosaic. Burke appropriated the metaphor, and applied it wrongfully; yet in rhetoric so splendid, that every one is inclined to forget historic exactness, and quote his brilliant epigrams. Chatham's Ministry was at first less of a Mosaic than Rockingham's, and very much less of a Mosaic than the Opposition, of which Burke was now to form a part. can hope for the rare privilege of unanimity, it is this, in which Pitt will see none but persons whose imagination he has subjugated, whose premature advancementinst Prerogative; and if they mitigated taxation in America by repealing the Stamp Act, they boasted of having improved the revenue raised there from trade, Edmund Burke's Short Account of a late Short Administration. renewed the unconstitutional method of making parliamentary Requisitions on colonial Assemblies, and in the Dec
ight of Parliament to control its Legislature. Moffat, of Rhode Island, asked relief for his losses; founding his claim on the resolves of the British House of Commons, and the King's recommendation. Thomas Moffat to a Member of Parliament, Mr. Burke's cousin. 12 Dec. 1766; Moffat's Account sent to the same M. P., and to Sir George Saville and others. Neither of them, said the Speaker of the Assembly, can ever operate with me; nor ought they to influence the free and independent Representaritorial revenue; and as Towns- Chap. XXVII.} 1766. Dec. hend crossed his plans and leaned to the East India Company, he proposed to Grafton the dismissal of Townshend as incurable. Chatham to Grafton, 7 Dec. 1766, in Grafton's Autobiography. Burke indulged in sarcasm at the great person, so immeasurably high as not to be reached by argument, and travestied the litany in a solemn invocation to the Minister above. Have mercy upon us, he cried, while the Opposition applauded the parody; doom
ld the mischiefs that would ensue. Grenville who must have shed tears of spite, if he Chap. XXIX.} 1767. May. could not have croaked out a presage of evil, Burke's Works, i. 255. Am. ed. heard with malignant joy one of the repealers of his Stamp Act propose a revenue from Port Duties. You are deceived, said he; I tell you,ill for it was already prepared. The debate would not have continued long, if there had not been a division of opinion as to the mode of coercing New-York. Edmund Burke, approving a local tax on importations into that province, opposed the general system. You will never see a single shilling from America, said he propheticlly; Edmund Burke's Account of what he said, in Cavendish, i. 39. it is not by votes and angry resolutions of this House, but by a slow and steady conduct, that the Americans are to be reconciled to us. Dowdeswell described the new plan as worse than to have softened and enforced the Stamp Tax. Do like the best of physicians, sai
ill, thought Hardwicke. Life of Lord Chancellor Hardwicke, III. 459. Richmond and others were anxious and uneasy. E. Burke to Rockingham, 18 August, 1767. A leader of a party had never Aug. done so much to diminish its influence. Very honestHis enemies were pleased, for he had acted exactly as their interests required; the King was never in better spirits. E. Burke to Rockingham, 1 August, 1767. Grafton, too, obtained the credit of moderation by his seeming readiness to retire; a boroughs, the price of votes within twenty years had increased three-fold. The Duke of Newcastle grumbled as usual. Edmund Burke grumbled also, because the moneyed men of his party did not engage more of the venal boroughs. Burke to Rockingham,Burke to Rockingham, 13 August, 1767. In the great contest with oppression, he had no better reliance than on the English constitution as it was, and the charitable purchase of venal boroughs by opulent noblemen of his connection. May the anarchy in the British gove
ecessor. Out of doors, America was not without those who listened to her complaints. The aged Oglethorpe, Miss De Berdt to Mr. Read. founder of the Colony of Georgia, busied himself with distributing pamphlets in her behalf among the most considerable public men. Franklin, in London, collected and printed the Farmer's Letters. They are very wild, Franklin, VII. Compare W. S. Johnson to Pitkin, 29 July, 1768. said Hillsborough of them; many called them treasonable and seditious; yet Burke approved their principle. Trans lated into French, they were much read in Parisian Chap. Xxxiii} 1768. May. saloons; and their author was compared with Cicero. In America the Farmer is adored; said the Governor of Georgia; Sir James Wright to Lord Hillsborough, 23 May, 1768. and no mark of honor and respect is thought equal to his merit. At that time Georgia was the most flourishing Colony on the continent. Wright to Hillsborough, 30 May, 1768. Lands there were cheap and labor
ght to be held frequently; the Assembly of Massachusetts had been arbitrarily dissolved; and Bernard refused to issue writs for a new one; so that the legislative rights of the Colony were suspended. The Town therefore, following the precedent of 1688, proposed a Convention in Faneuil Hall. To this body they elected Cushing, Otis, Samuel Adams, and Hancock, a committee to represent them; and directed their Selectmen to inform the several towns of the Province of their design. Compare Edmund Burke's Speech, 8 Nov. 1768, in Cavendish, i. 39. Such an order to a Governor was an annihilation of the Assembly; and when the Assembly was dissolved, an usurped Assembly met. It was also voted by a very great majority that every one of the inhabitants should provide him- Chap XXXVI} 1768. Sept. self with fire-arms and ammunition; and this vote was grounded partly on the prevailing rumor of a war with France, but more on the precedent of the Revolution of King William and Queen Mary. A cord
become too small in proportion to the whole people, and the Colonies ought to be allowed to send members to Parliament. The State of the Nation, published in October, 1768. What other reason than an attempt to raise discontent, replied Edmund Burke as the organ of the Rockingham Whigs, can he have for suggesting, that we are not happy enough to enjoy a sufficient number of voters in England? Our fault is on the other side. And he mocked at an American Representation and union with America as the vision of a lunatic. Edmund Burke's Observations on a State of the Nation; Works, i., 295, 296, 298, Am. Ed. The opinions of Grenville were obtaining universal circulation, just as intelligence was received of the proceedings of the town of Boston relative to the proposed convention. From their votes, it was inferred that the troops would be opposed, should they attempt to land; that Massachusetts Bay, if not all the Colonies, must henceforward be considered as in a state of a
weighed well the meaning of these words, Papers of Samuel Adams. uttered by an organ of the Ministry; but England hardly noticed the presumptuous menace of a violation of chartered rights and the subversion of the independence of juries. Edmund Burke poured out a torrent of invective against Camden, for the inconsistency of his former opposition to the Declaratory Act with his present sup- Chap. XXXVIII} 1768. Nov. port of the plan of the Ministry. My astonishment at the folly of his opinions, he said, is lost in indignation at the baseness of his conduct. From the Report of Edmund Burke's Speech, of 8 November, 1768; in the Boston Gazette of 23 January, 1769; 721, 3, 2 and 3. The order, he insisted, requiring the Massachusetts Assembly to rescind a vote under a penalty, was absolutely illegal and unconstitutional; and in this Grenville agreed with him. I wish the Stamp Act had never been passed, said Barrington in reply; but the Americans are traitors; worse than traitors
the twenty-sixth of January after a delay of many weeks, he asked the House of Commons to agree with the Resolves and Address of the House of Lords. Parliamentary History, XVI. 485, &c. Ms. Letters and Diary of W. S. Johnson; Cavendish Debates, i. 191 &c. Thomas Pownall to S. Cooper, 30 Jan. 1769. T. Whately to Hutchinson, 11 Feb. 1769. No lawyer, said Dowdeswell, will justify them; none but the House of Lords who think only of their dignity, could have originated them. Suppose, said Edmund Burke, you do call over two or three of these unfortunate men; what will become of the rest? Let me have the heads of the principal leaders, exclaimed the Duke of Alva; these heads proved Hydra's heads. Suppose a man brought over for High Treason; if his witnesses do not appear, he cannot have a fair trial. God and nature oppose you. Grenville spoke against the Address, and scoffed at the whole plan, as no more than Chap. XXXIX.} 1769 Jan. angry words, and the wisdom fools put on. Lord N
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