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Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 10. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The battle of Chickamauga-letter from Captain W. N. Polk. (search)
ng coup de main, had the more pregnant significance of an announcement that the enemy's plans were completed, and were about being put in active operation. The effect of the bombardment was the official evacuation of the place to points beyond range outside, and the withdrawal of stores to points of convenience on the railroad to the rear, and the withdrawal of Anderson's brigade from Bridgeport. On the 26th, or 27th of August, or some five or six days after the surprise of Chattanooga, Burnside's advance into East Tennessee was announced by the presence of his cavalry in the vicinity of Knoxville, and Major-General Buckner received orders to evacuate Knoxville, and occupy Loudon. In consequence of a demonstration, it is said, by a portion of Rosecrans's army at Blythe's ferry, on the Tennessee river, opposite the mouth of the Hiwassee, he was ordered to fall back from London to Charleston, and soon after to the vicinity of Chattanooga. Pending these movements above, which were t
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 10. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The battle of the crater, July 30, 1864. (search)
t had massed 65,000 men opposite this brigade. Beauregard's whole force in the line was only three-and-a-half brigades. The theory of the assault, as stated by General Meade in the Court of Enquiry, held by the Federals soon after, was for General Burnside, with 15,000 men to rush in the opening made by the explosion, and dash over to Cemetery Hill, five hundred or six hundred yards to the rear; this corps to be followed by General Ord with 10,000 men. He states he had 40,000 to 50,000 for the took position on Cemetery hill. I am willing to be judged by those who were present, and in position best able to decide. The enemy certainly were in no mean position to know from what point came the most destructive fire. General Potter, of Burnside's corps, says in the court of inquiry, The worst fire I saw came from the right (his right). There was a battery there behind some timber, which it was very difficult for our batteries to reach. I ordered my batteries to turn their whole attent
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 10. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), chapter 5.44 (search)
the naked ground, without cover, and the rain pouring down in torrents. The only rations we have had for a week are fresh beef — our wagon trains can't keep up with us. My brigade has been in nearly every battle, sometimes in the lead, and always among the foremost. It has suffered severely, but has behaved splendidly. I go with them in every battle, and in all the hail of bullets I have gone though, have not had my skin broken. At Manassas my brigade had the satisfaction of whipping Burnside, and taking prisoners from him two days in succession. Twice our corps has passed entirely around the enemy, getting between him and Washington, and destroying countless quantities of his stores. At Manassas we burned one hundred and fifty loaded cars. No brigade in the service has been in as many battles, and done so much hard service as mine. Extract from a private letter from Frederick City, Maryland. Having driven the enemy from Virginia, we are now at the old capital
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 10. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The battle of Fredericksburg. (search)
occupying the town. On the 15th of November General Burnside put his columns in motion towards Fredericksbut be admitted, for Sumner had positive orders from Burnside not to cross; and these orders were reiterated thalvary advanced as far as Warrenton, and found that Burnside's base had been changed to Acquia Creek, and his wlley to concentrate at Orange C. H. On the 20th Burnside's entire army was concentrated opposite Fredericksrival of the head of his column, under Sumner, General Burnside forbade the crossing, then easy to accomplish,s discovered, and it was thereupon abandoned. General Burnside had hoped to postpone active operations until rom it to meet the assault on Marye's Hill. General Burnside's preparations being at last complete, on the the work hardly progressed. About 10 o'clock General Burnside, probably at a loss what else to do, ordered efternoon, when, on the suggestion of General Hunt, Burnside's Chief of Artillery, it was decided to cross a fo
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 10. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), Sherman's march to the sea, as seen by a Northern soldier, (search)
an a small share of the American people, that his order removing the women and children from Atlanta was not a studied act of cruelty. When Bragg was driven out of Chattanooga, Rosecrans did not find it necessary to remove the women and children, though he had a more reasonable excuse than Sherman. When Grant captured Vicksburg, he issued no such order. Lee did not inflict such cruelty on the helpless people of Frederick city, Harper's Ferry, Sharpsburg, and the other towns he captured. Burnside did not do so at Fredericksburg, nor Butler at New Orleans, nor McClellan on the Peninsular. All had the same excuses as Sherman, or could have found them, but none had his malignity. He meant to destroy Atlanta before he left it, and he must first get rid of the women and children. Atlanta could have been made a great base of supplies without disturbing a single person, as dozens of other points had been, but Sherman had a further plan. He could not take the city with him, when he star
Southern Historical Society Papers, Volume 10. (ed. Reverend J. William Jones), The battle of Fredericksburg. (search)
nker's mill. On the evening of the 12th, General Burnside had ordered that the attack should be madwere modified by rather vague directions from Burnside to send One division, at least, to seize, if e repulse of Sturgis's and Getty's divisions, Burnside, who was looking on from the Phillips house, ted at the failure to carry the position, General Burnside had determined to undertake the business y mist, and when it at length melted away General Burnside had abandoned all aggressive intentions a certainly moved many a heart with pity. General Burnside must have been fully aware of this state s, under Siegel, was marching rapidly to join Burnside, a renewal of the attack was confidently expeno evidence of its having the sanction of General Burnside, the request was returned by General Lee,egel. It was still expected, therefore, that Burnside would renew the offensive on the next day, an Providentially favored by this weather, General Burnside during the night crossed his whole army t[2 more...]