Browsing named entities in George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 8. You can also browse the collection for Bute or search for Bute in all documents.

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s, by its own act of taxation, to levy on the colonies a revenue towards maintaining their military establishment. Townshend, as the head of the board of trade, was unfolding the plan in the Chap. Xlviii} 1775. Aug. house of commons just before Bute retired. The execution of the design fell to George Grenville. Now Grenville conceived himself to be a whig of the straitest sect, for he believed implicitly in the absolute power of parliament, and this belief he regarded as the great principhs of them had no voice whatever. The agitation of reform for England was long deferred; the question was precipitated upon America. In the very next year, Charles Townshend, resuming the system which he had advocated in the administration of Bute, proposed a parliamentary tax to be Chap. Xlviii} 1775. Aug. collected in America on tea, glass, paper, and painters' colors, and introduced the tax by a preamble, asserting that it is expedient that a revenue should be raised in his majesty's do
destroy much better and nobler beings than themselves. The landgrave of Hesse has his prototype in Sancho Panza, who said that if he were a prince, he should wish all his subjects to be blackamoors, so that he could turn them into ready money by selling them. A Chap. LVII.} warning voice was raised by Hartley: You now set the American congress the example of applying to foreign powers; when they intervene, the possibility of reconciliation is totally cut off. The third son of the earl of Bute spoke for sanguinary measures, and contrasted the unrivalled credit of England with the weak, uncurrent paper of America. The measures of ministers, said James Luttrell, who had served in America, are death-warrants to thousands of British subjects, not steps towards regaining the colonies. George Grenville, afterwards Marquis of Buckingham, proposed the alternative: Shall we abandon America, or shall we recover our sovereignty over that country? We had better make one effort more. Lord G
red to be insufficient. The parliamentary change in the charter of Massachusetts was to be enforced; and secret instructions required that Connecticut and Rhode Island should be compelled, if possible, to accept analogous changes; so that not only was uncon ditional submission required, but in the moment of Chap. LXIII.} 1776. May. victory other colonial charters were still further to be violated, in order to carry out the system which the king had pursued from the time of the ministry of Bute. Lord Howe wished well to the Americans, kept up his friendly relations with Chatham, and escaped the suspicion of a subservient complicity with the administration. It was said by his authority, that he would not go to America unless he had powers to treat on terms of conciliation; he refused to accept a civilian as his colleague, and though his brother was named with him in the commission, he insisted on the power of acting alone; but if his sincerity is left unimpeached, it is at the expe