of the earliest Phoenician character, — the alphabet from which the Greek, the Roman, and all our European alphabets are derived.
As Count de Vogue says, these are the very characters which, before 700 B. C., were common to all the races of Western Asia, from Egypt to the foot of the Taurus, and from the Mediterranean to Nineveh; which were used in Nineveh itself, in Phoenicia, Jerusalem, Samaria, the land of Moab, Cilicia, and Cyprus.
It disproves the assertion of Aristotle and Pliny that Cadmus only brought 16 or 18 letters from the East into Greece, and that the Greeks invented the rest, for the whole of the 22 are found on this monumental stone.
The Rosetta stone is of 700 years later date.
It was found in 1798 by a French engineer in digging the foundations for a fort near the Rosetta mouth of the Nile.
It is a tablet of basalt, with an inscription of the year 196 B. C., during the reign of Ptolemy Epiphanes.
The inscription is in hieroglyphic, demotic, and Greek.
38,815.De MeyJune9, 1863.
79,265.Sholes et alJune23, 1868.
79,868.Sholes et alJuly14, 1868.
See also the following Englis