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ss, to be presently described. The product of oil is about 2 gallons from a bushel of linseed, or 56 pounds of hulled cotton-seed; that from Sea Island seed, which does not require hulling, is about 90 gallons from each 100 bushels. Oil-heater, presser, and hydrostatic-press pump. The oil-press was invented by Aristaeus, the Athenian ; so says Pliny. To find the date at which he flourished, we must consult the marriage register. He was a son of Apollo, but married a daughter of Cadmus about 1450 B. C., let us say. He found time between his spells of running after Eurydice to instruct men in the culture of the olive and of bees. This was about the time of Joshua. Archaeologists have shown it to be probable that the Phoenicians practiced both the arts before Aristaeus destroyed the harmony in the household of Orpheus. The oil-press used by the Phoenicians in the time of Solomon, and substantially in use at the present day in Syria and Palestine, consists of two posts a
of the earliest Phoenician character, — the alphabet from which the Greek, the Roman, and all our European alphabets are derived. As Count de Vogue says, these are the very characters which, before 700 B. C., were common to all the races of Western Asia, from Egypt to the foot of the Taurus, and from the Mediterranean to Nineveh; which were used in Nineveh itself, in Phoenicia, Jerusalem, Samaria, the land of Moab, Cilicia, and Cyprus. It disproves the assertion of Aristotle and Pliny that Cadmus only brought 16 or 18 letters from the East into Greece, and that the Greeks invented the rest, for the whole of the 22 are found on this monumental stone. The Rosetta stone is of 700 years later date. It was found in 1798 by a French engineer in digging the foundations for a fort near the Rosetta mouth of the Nile. It is a tablet of basalt, with an inscription of the year 196 B. C., during the reign of Ptolemy Epiphanes. The inscription is in hieroglyphic, demotic, and Greek. It wa
38,815.De MeyJune9, 1863. 39,296.LivermoreJuly21, 1863. 57,182.PeelerAugust14, 1866. 59,522.FlammNovember6, 1866. 62,206.JohnstonFebruary19, 1867. 65,807.HallJune18, 1867. 79,265.Sholes et alJune23, 1868. 79,868.Sholes et alJuly14, 1868. 81,000.PrattAugust11, 1868. 87,941.JohnsonMarch16, 1869. 94,329.MooreAugust31, 1869. 109,161.WashburnNovember8, 1870. 115,287.DraperMay30, 1871. 118,491.SholesAugust29, 1871. 124,437.HalsteadMarch12, 1872. 125,952.HansenApril23, 1872. 127,739.CadmusJune11, 1872. 133,841.EdisonDecember10, 1872. 139,914.PemberJune17, 1873. 140,921.HillJuly15, 1873. 144,450.GallowayNovember11, 1873. 148,946.GallyMarch24, 1874. 158,071.HansenDecember22, 1874. 168,898.HansenOctober19, 1875. 169,757.AlissoffNovember9, 1875. 170,233.CaseNovember23, 1875. 170,239.CrandallNovember23, 1875. 170,621.DemingNovember31, 1875. 171,139.JohnsonDecember14, 1875. 171,335.AllenDecember21, 1875. 171,408.MorganDecember21, 1875. See also the following Englis