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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 82 0 Browse Search
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1. 60 0 Browse Search
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Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 1: the political Conventions in 1860. (search)
Richmond Convention should refrain from all important action, and adjourn to Baltimore, and there, re-entering the regular Convention, if possible defeat the nomination of Mr. Douglas, and thus, as they said, with well-feigned honesty of expression, make a final effort to preserve the harmony and unity of the Democratic party The consequence was, that the Convention at Richmond was respectable in talent, but small in numbers, and wicked in conception and design. On motion of a son of John C. Calhoun, who was chairman of the Committee on Organization, John Irwin, of Alabama, was chosen president of the Convention. It the proceeded to action, under a little embarrassment at first. There were delegates from the city of New York begging for admission to seats. These delegates appear to have been representatives of an association of some kind in the city of New York, who sympathized with the Secessionists. They exhibited, as credentials, a certificate of the Trustees of the Nation
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 2: preliminary rebellious movements. (search)
igarchy, 39. firing the Southern heart John C. Calhoun, 41. Virginia politicians, 42. conspiralse teaching was not new. It was begun by John C. Calhoun, and had been kept up ever since. It wass — disciples and political successors of John C. Calhoun John Caldwell Calhoun, of South CaroliWith amazing intellectual vigor and acumen, Mr. Calhoun crystallized the crude elements of oppositi relates a conversation between himself and Mr. Calhoun, in Washington City, in the winter of 1812: professions, and advantages of Democracy. Mr. Calhoun replied:--I admit your conclusions in respe great rebellion occurred. Under the lead of Calhoun, the politicians of South Carolina. attempteovernor of Mississippi, on whom the mantle of Calhoun, as chief conspirator against American Nationd a warm personal friend. and admirer of John C. Calhoun and his principles. He had made it an imn deliberate intentions, was exhibited by John C. Calhoun, as we have observed (note 2, page 41), i[5 more...]
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 3: assembling of Congress.--the President's Message. (search)
enace, and would have crushed by the force of arms, if it had been necessary, the foul serpent of rebellion, that appeared a generation before as a petted monster, among the politicians of South Carolina, and was exhibited to the people whenever Calhoun waved the sorcerer's wand. In the contrast between Jackson and Buchanan, which that retrospect exhibited, they saw cause for gloomy forebodings. Patriotic men wrote earnest letters to their representatives in Congress, asking them to be firm scornful and violent harangues from other Senators, in which the speakers seemed to emulate each other in the utterance of seditious sentiments. Clingman, more courteous than most of his compeers, said, I think one of the wisest remarks that Mr. Calhoun ever made was, that the Union could not be saved by eulogies upon it. Senators Alfred Iverson, of Georgia, Albert G. Brown, of Mississippi, and Louis T. Wigfall, of Texas, followed. They had been stirred with anger by stinging words from Sen
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 4: seditious movements in Congress.--Secession in South Carolina, and its effects. (search)
a solution and explanation of that insanity which made them emulous of all others in the mad race toward destruction which their wicked revolt brought upon them. Ever since the failure of their crazy scheme of disunion in 1832-3, in which John C. Calhoun was the chief actor as well as instigator, the politicians of that State-survivors of that failure, and their children, trained to seditious acts — had been restive under the restraints of the National Constitution, and had been seeking an or every public and many private buildings. The bells of the churches rang out merry peals; and these demonstrations of delight were accompanied by the roar of cannon. Some enthusiastic young men went to the church-yard where the remains of John C. Calhoun reposed, and there, with singular appropriateness, they formed a circle around his tomb, and made a solemn vow to devote their lives, their fortunes, and their sacred honor to the cause of South Carolina independence. At one time, during
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 6: Affairs at the National Capital.--War commenced in Charleston harbor. (search)
benefit of clergy was denied. On that morning January 1, 1861. they had received intelligence from the Commissioners at Washington that their mission would be fruitless; and the Rev. Mr. Du Pre, in the prayer at the opening of the Convention, evidently believing that war was inevitable, supplicated the Almighty, saying:--Wilt thou bring confusion and discomfiture upon our enemies, and wilt thou strengthen the hearts, nerves, and arms of our sons to meet this great fire. Then a bust of John C. Calhoun, cut from pure white marble, was placed on the table before the President, bearing a curious inscription on a piece of paper. Associated Press Dispatch from Charleston. January 1, 1861. The following is the inscription:--Truth, Justice, and Fraternity, you have written your name in the Book of Life, fill up the page with deliberation that which is written, execute quickly — the day is far spent, the night is at hand. Out names and honor summon all citizens to appear on the parade-
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 7: Secession Conventions in six States. (search)
irators silenced all opposition. The hopes of the late General Quitman (a former Governor of the State), a native of the State of New York, one of the most persistent and dangerous enemies of American nationality, and on whom fell the mantle of Calhoun, as the chief leader of secessionists, were soon realized. The State was placed in an attitude of open revolt in the maintenance of the doctrine of State Supremacy. When the Mississippi Convention had finished the business for which it had a initiation-fees paid by members. Secession Times in Texas: by J. P. Newcomb, editor of the Alamo Express, page 6. Concerning this Order, we shall have much more to observe hereafter. It is authoritatively asserted that it was founded by John C. Calhoun and other South Carolina conspirators, in the year 1835. These castles included many members of the Legislature and active politicians in all parts of the State. Sixty of these irresponsible men, early in January, 1861, called a State Conve
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 8: attitude of the Border Slave-labor States, and of the Free-labor States. (search)
elect, and more populous than its neighbor, Indiana, the number of its inhabitants being over one million seven hundred thousand, had a loyal Governor at the beginning of Richard Yates. 1861, in the person of Richard Yates. The Legislature of the State assembled at Spring-field, on the 7th of January. The Governor's message was temperate and patriotic; and he summed up what he believed to be the sentiment of the people of his State, in the words of General Jackson's toast, John C. Calhoun, and other conspirators against the Republic, inaugurated the first act in the great drama of treason, in the spring of 1880, in the form of the assertion that a Sovereign State may nullify or disobey an Act of the National Congress. As Thomas Jefferson was the author of the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions of 1798, which seemed to favor the doctrine of nullification, they resolved to plant their standard of incipient revolt under the auspices of his great name. A dinner was prepared
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 9: proceedings in Congress.--departure of conspirators. (search)
he incoming Administration, of which he was to be the Prime Minister. Mr. Hunter was one of the most polished, subtle, and dangerous of the conspirators. Like Calhoun, his logic was always masterly, and powerfully persuasive. He led the judgments of men with great ease. For years, as the champion of State Supremacy — the intimate friend and disciple of Calhoun — he had been laboring to sap the life of the National Government. He now boldly proposed radical changes in the Constitution and the Government, and advocated the right and duty of secession. He declared William H. Seward. that the South must obtain by such changes guaranties of power, so aans) of that State to do as they had done. He drew a distinction between nullification and secession, and asserted, in the face of history and common sense, that Calhoun advocated nullification in order to save the Union! With the most transparent sophistry he then argued in favor of the right of secession, and against the prevai
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 10: Peace movements.--Convention of conspirators at Montgomery. (search)
n that conveyed Stephens, and Toombs, and T. R. Cobb, of Georgia, and Chesnut, and Withers, and Rhett, of South Carolina, was thrown from the track between West Point and Montgomery, a nd badly broken up. Everybody was frightened, but nobody was hurt; and at a late hour, on the 4th, these leaders in conspiracy entered Montgomery. Not long afterward the Convention assembled in the Legislative Hall, around which were hung, in unseemly intermingling, the portraits of George Washington and John C. Calhoun; of Andrew Jackson and William L. Yancey; of General Marion, Henry Clay, and the historian of Alabama, A. J. Pickett. Robert W. Barnwell, of South Carolina, was chosen temporary chairman; and the blessing of a just God was invoked upon the premeditated labors of these wrong-doers by the Rev. Basil Manly. That assembly of conspirators was permanently organized by the appropriate choice of Howell Cobb, of Georgia, as presiding officer. Johnson F. Hooper, of Montgomery, was chosen cler
Benson J. Lossing, Pictorial Field Book of the Civil War. Volume 1., Chapter 13: the siege and evacuation of Fort Sumter. (search)
carried a number of messages from Major Anderson to Governor Pickens. On one occasion the Governor told him that the rebellion would have been delayed if the Republican majorities in 1860 had not been so large. They had resolved on rebellion when their political power, sustained by the Democratic party in the North, should pass from them. They saw no chance for that party to recover its power, and there was no reason for the c= conspirators to wait any longer. The exigency mentioned by Calhoun in 1812 (see note 2, page 41) had occurred. A colonel's commission, as commander of a volunteer regiment, was offered to Lieutenant Snyder, but he preferred his position in the regular Army. He died while assisting in the construction of the defenses of Washington City. His remains are under a neat monument in his family burial-ground, near Schoharie Court House, New York, forty miles west of Albany. On the monument are the following inscriptions-- West side.--Lieutenant Geo. W. S
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