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Archibald H. Grimke, William Lloyd Garrison the Abolitionist, Chapter 4: the hour and the man. (search)
industrially self-dependent and selfsupporting. The war of 1812 enforced anew upon the attention of statesmen the importance of industrial independence. The war debt, together with certain governmental enterprises and expenditures growing out of the war, was largely, if not wholly, responsible for the tariff of 1816. This act dates the rise of our American system of protection. It is curious to note that Southern men were the leaders of this new departure in the national fiscal policy. Calhoun, Clay, and Lowndes were the guiding spirits of that period of industrial ferment and activity. They little dreamt what economic evils were to fall in consequence upon the South. That section was not slow to feel the unequal action of the protective principle. The character of its labor incapacitated the South from dividing the benefits of the new revenue policy with its free rival. The South of necessity was restricted to a single industry, the tillage of the earth. Slave labor did not
Archibald H. Grimke, William Lloyd Garrison the Abolitionist, Chapter 16: the pioneer makes a new and startling departure. (search)
lism of the then almost forgotten struggle over the admission of Missouri nearly a quarter of a century before, and which was concluded by the Missouri compromise. This settlement was at the time considered quite satisfactory to the South. But Calhoun took an altogether different view of the matter twenty years later. The arrangement by which the South was excluded from the upper portion of the Louisiana Territory he came to regard as a cardinal blunder on the part of his section. The fact as nothing less than the acquisition of new slave territory to supply the demand for new slave States. Texas, with the territorial dimensions of an empire, answered the agrarian needs of the slave system. And the South, under the leadership of Calhoun, determined to make good their fancied loss in the settlement of the Missouri controversy by annexing Texas. But all the smouldering dread of slave domination, all the passionate opposition to the extension of slavery, to the acquisition of n
Archibald H. Grimke, William Lloyd Garrison the Abolitionist, Chapter 18: the turning of a long lane. (search)
at the third new national territory lay piled upon the boards. Calhoun, the arch-annexationist, struggled desperately to avert the war. Hsh slave soil to the United States South, through her spoliation. Calhoun confessed that, with the breaking out of hostilities between the td become inevitable with the firing of the first gun. Seeing this, Calhoun endeavored to postpone the evil day for the South by proposing a mvery principle of the Ordinance of 1787 applied to the Territory. Calhoun, who was apparently of the mind that as Oregon went so would go C of the slavepower was visibly near. With Garrison at one end and Calhoun at the other the work of dissolution advanced apace. The latter auisiana Territory, was laid in the compromise measures of 1850. Calhoun, strongly dissatisfied as he was with the Missouri settlement, recbenefits which inured to it under the Missouri Compromise, neither Calhoun nor the South would have declined the proffered sacrifice. The se
Archibald H. Grimke, William Lloyd Garrison the Abolitionist, Chapter 20: the death-grapple. (search)
er, in all stages of joy and thanksgiving. They poured out at his feet their overflowing love and gratitude. They covered him with flowers, bunches of jessamines, and honeysuckles and roses in the streets of Charleston, hard by the grave where Calhoun lay buried. Only listen to that in Charleston streets! exclaimed Garrison, on hearing the band of one of the black regiments playing the air of Old John Brown, and we both broke into tears, relates Rev. Theodore L. Cuyler, who stood by the a crowning horror to add to a long list of horrors before fetching its last gasp. The assassination of President Lincoln was the dying blow of slavery, aimed through him at the Union which he had maintained. Appalling as was the deed, it was vain, for the Union was saved, and liberty forever secured to the new-born nation. As Garrison remarked at the tomb of Calhoun, on the morning that Lincoln died, Down into a deeper grave than this slavery has gone, and for it there is no resurrection.
Archibald H. Grimke, William Lloyd Garrison the Abolitionist, Index. (search)
194, 263. Benson, George W., 168, 178, 234, 260, 281. Benson, Henry E., 212, 263. Benton, Thomas H., 105-106, 252, 253, Bird, Frank W., 361. Birney, James G., 203, 298, 320. Bond, Judge, 382. Boston Female Anti-Slavery Society, 217, 233, 240. Bourne, Rev. George, i08, 203. Bowditch, Henry I., 233, 349, 389. Bright, John, 390, 391. Brooks, Preston S., 359. Brown, John, 365-368. Buffum, Arnold, 139, 177. Burleigh, Charles C., 221, 223, 235. Buxton, Thomas Fowell, 152, 154, 204. Calhoun, John C., 246, 252, 315, 335, 336, 337, 352, 353, 384. Campbell, John Reid, 225. Channing, Dr. W. E., IIo, III, 256, 316. Chapman, Maria Weston, 223, 258, 259, 277, 292. Chase, Salmon P., 338. Child, David Lee, 134, 136, 138, 203. Child, Lydia Maria, 186, 203, 210, 277, 292, 309. Clay, Henry, 339, 348. Clerical Appeal, 282. Clarkson, Thomas, 55, 303. Coffin, Joshua, 139, 198. Cobb, Howell, 338. Collier, Rev. William, 40. Collins, John A., 298, 299, 300, 303. Colonization Societ