ne of the original thirteen States of the Union; was first settled by Capt. William Claiborne, with a party of men from Virginia, in 1631.
Earlier than this, George Calvert, an Irish peer, had obtained a patent from King James (1622) to plant a Roman Catholic colony in America.
Failing in some of his projects, he applied for a ce embraced in the grant had been partially explored by the first Lord Baltimore, and it is believed that the charter granted to Cecil was drawn by the hand of George Calvert.
In honor of Henrietta Maria, Queen of Charles I., it was called Terra Mariae-Mary's Land—hence Maryland.
It was the most liberal grant yet made by a Briti landed, performed religious ceremonies, and were visited by the wondering natives.
The governor made further explorations, and, finally, on March 27 (O. S.), Calvert, having entered into a treaty for the purchase of a domain on a pleasant little river, determined there to plant a settlement.
With imposing religious ceremonies