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e town treasurer allows £ 1 per wolf for 52 wolves killed by Englishmen, but an Indian for the same service gets only half price. In 1696, the reward for killing 76 wolves was 13s. 4d. per head. Bears also roamed in the woods, and persons were sometimes killed by them, but the appearance of a bear in 1754 in what is now East Cambridge was remarked upon as extraordinary. The nearest Indian tribe dwelt to the west of Mystic Pond, and was governed by a squaw sachem. The land occupied by Cambridge was bought of this tribe, apparently for £ 10 beside an annual present of a coat to the squaw sachem during her lifetime. The relations between white men and red men were friendly. In 1644, these Mystic Indians voluntarily put themselves under the protection and jurisdiction of the English government at Boston. Eliot's first sermon to the Indians was preached in 1646 at Nonantum, south of Charles River, and at that time within the limits of Cambridge. More than 1000 Indians in the cou
to Cambridge, and were then ordered to lie on their arms. For eleven months from that time Cambridge was occupied by the American army. The college buildings were made use of as barracks. The lion. That this could be accomplished was, however, recognized by the government in 1805, when Cambridge was declared to be a port of delivery. At that time it seemed quite probable that Boston and 's Rebellion, in 1786, paralyzed for the time being the progress of western Massachusetts, but Cambridge declined to participate in the convention which was called by those who inaugurated this movemg, but the act to establish the City of Cambridge became a law March 17, 1846. Under this act Cambridge could not become a city, unless a majority of the inhabitants of the town should vote to adopt attention of the reader be drawn to individuals of prominence whose names are associated with Cambridge as a town. These facts are all to be found in Paige's Cambridge, a volume which must stand fo
there has been a change so great as to come near extinction. This is still more true of the robbing of hen-roosts and of market gardens, which would now be considered exceedingly bad form, but which was then a very common practice. I can recall members of my class, afterwards grave dignitaries, who used to go out in parties on autumn evenings with large baskets, and bring them back laden with apples, pears, grapes, and melons from the region now known as Belmont. The social orders of Cambridge were, at least in the region of Harvard Square, more distinctly stratified than now; there was then a more distinct gentry, consisting largely of the college people and those who had come to Cambridge to educate their sons. In 1845-46, the whole number of resident instructors of all grades, including the Law and Divinity schools, comprised but twenty, instead of being counted as now by hundreds; but the families of those twenty were the social centre. I remember the perfectly courteous a
e Common in honor of the soldiers and sailors of Cambridge, who gave up their lives in the War of the Rebellion. The corner-stone of the memorial was laid June 17, 1869, with appropriate ceremonies, the mayor making the principal address, after which the bells were rung and national airs played by the band and chimed upon the bells in Christ Church. The exercises were closed by the firing of a national salute. A roll of honor with the names engrossed on parchment, of all the men sent by Cambridge to the war, was deposited with other documents in the copper box in the corner-stone. The monument was finished the following spring, and dedicated July 13, 1870. The exercises included an address by the mayor and an oration by Rev. Alexander McKenzie. On May 1, 1876, a centennial tree, raised from the seed of the Washington Elm by Mr. John Owen, was presented to the city, and planted on the westerly side of the Common with suitable exercises. Several thousand persons were present,
ridge adopted this act. On May 4, the first city government was inaugurated, and the career of Cambridge as a chartered municipality began. It is the purpose of this chapter to indicate the progretion of the people, cannot be pointed to as the characteristic, so far, of the charter life of Cambridge, there can be found, at least, hopeful signs all through the past fifty years of an evolution ipal ambulance for the injured; and no free text-books for the youth. And yet the property of Cambridge in 1846 was taxed at the rate of $5 on $1000. It might, indeed, be a natural question to ask wies in our country during the past fifty years have been so richly endowed with service as has Cambridge. At the beginning of its charter life, Mayor James D. Green set the example of uprightness, a an inspiration to those who take up the work of the next fifty years of the municipal life of Cambridge. During the fifty years of the charter, twenty-two citizens have served as mayor. The year
the civic honors of Cambridge, but I am none the less quite sure in my own mind that a large part of the attraction which Cambridge has had in the past for men of letters has been its comparatively village-like character. Authors do not, it is true, prefer to walk on a ten-inch curbstone, or jolt to Boston in an hourly omnibus, yet the disadvantages of a village have had their compensation in the larger leisure, the simpler social life, the roomier homes, which until lately characterized Cambridge. The city, to be sure, is still a way-station from the country to Boston, in the matter of railway accommodations, steam or electric, but the open spaces are closing up, the college people meet more formally, and need more introduction to each other, city habits are forming, and it cannot be long before the conditions which once charmed authors will give way; perhaps by that time authors themselves will be changed in their temper, and will like to live in a hurly-burly of elevated railroa
a lawyer or doctor or business agent, but they are not ordinarily taken into account by most people when selecting a lawyer or doctor or business agent, and the national party to which a candidate belongs is not taken into account by the representative Cambridge voter. Fitness for the particular office, to be determined by the candidate's honesty, ability, and experience so far as the voter has information about these qualities, is the governing consideration. Twice only within the last twentected, and the disapproval of the partisan proceeding shown by the voters, including a large number of the members of the party whose committee caused the nominations to be made, could hardly have been more emphatic. In the administration of Cambridge affairs partisan considerations have even less a place. Indeed, so far as can be determined by the proceedings of the city council and by the doings of city officials, they have no place whatever. On the floor of the city council, or in commi
eat, and it had not been devoted to a large extent to distinctly public objects. The year 1887 marked a new epoch in her history. Then began a period of larger things, of grander municipal life, of greater public spirit in works of philanthropy and benevolence, and of devotion to the charities that soothe and heal and bless. The privilege of starting this movement was given to one of her younger sons of ample fortune and of generous impulses. His early life and associations were with Cambridge. His later years, spent elsewhere, had with deep religious spirit been devoted to good works, which broadened his life out into the lives of others. With noble generosity and fine public spirit, he gave largely to the communities where he dwelt, and also richly blessed this city of his birth. For many years Cambridge had felt the need of a public library that would meet the requirements of the people of a large and growing city. At a meeting of prominent citizens, a committee of ten
s great curse. Consequently our literature, our speakers, our methods of campaigning, in fact, everything that could throw light on our unique struggle, were in constant demand from widely over the State, and from beyond it. Chelsea, in particular, being in a worse condition than we had been, and in a county involving great difficulties in the enforcement of liquor laws, studied carefully our methods, and very soon following them, threw out the saloon, and thus became, hardly less than Cambridge herself, although under Cambridge's inspiration, an argument in the same direction. Space does not permit even the most summary account of the influence which Cambridge has thus had not only upon the towns and cities of this Commonwealth, but widely over New England, and beyond New England, and even beyond the United States. This has been the more inevitable because of the startling and convincing array of results of our saloon exclusion, to which, most briefly, I am about to allude.
ark Commission. This year we celebrate the anniversary of the incorporation of Cambridge as a city; we consider what Cambridge is, what Cambridge shall be. In the strength of the intellectual life of the seat of Harvard University we have great fCambridge shall be. In the strength of the intellectual life of the seat of Harvard University we have great faith. We believe, too, that the political life of our city stands as an example of the success of a steady struggle for good government. If such be the truth, is it not worth our while to dwell for a time upon the outward form of our city, to learsed valuation of the surrounding territory, have already begun to pay for themselves. Though the sum to be expended by Cambridge during the next fifteen years will probably be about $2,000,000, they feel sure that, in time, through financial returnOn that day, when all our plans have been made good, we shall have an outward form more nearly fitting the best life of Cambridge; and those of us who work many a day over the problems which shall bring forth Greater Cambridge feel that the beauty o
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