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Cambridge sketches (ed. Estelle M. H. Merrill), Preface. (search)
Preface. Dr. Alexander McKenzie. This is not a guide book in the ordinary sense of that term. But it does take the reader into the life of Cambridge and makes known to him something of the past and the present of the town. Any one should feel more at home here after reading these pages, and he can readily find where his life might be joined to the common life and be enriched by it while he imparts to it of his own force. The extension of the town has been steady and rapid. The hamlet which held so large a place in the colonial life has constantly advanced to the city whose influence is felt through the land. To those who have watched this growth, and shared in it, it has been of great interest to mark the appearance of new institutions, of new forms of work, of new endeavors for the general advantage. The city must have been poorer than she knew before the Library and Hospital were built, and the societies formed which are now so prominent and so efficient for good. I
Cambridge sketches (ed. Estelle M. H. Merrill), Historic churches and homes of Cambridge. (search)
pital of our infant republic, the cradle of our nascent liberties, the hearth of our kindling patriotism. Intimately associated as indeed it is with the stirring times of the Revolution, its two oldest churches, Christ Church, Episcopal, and Shepard Congregational, have their history most intimately woven with that of the patriots. First let us take Shepard Church the first church in Cambridge, because it is the oldest society, though its present building is comparatively modern. When Cambridge was established and called Newtowne, it was designed to be the metropolis, but later this plan was given up in favor of Boston. Still, many people stayed here, reinforced in 1632 by the Braintree Company under Mr. Hooker. The latter, a graduate of Emanuel College, Cambridge, England, had taught in England, having among his converts John Eliot, apostle to the Indians. Mr. Hooker's friends built a meeting-house here and sent for him to be pastor. The church then was on Water street, now
Cambridge sketches (ed. Estelle M. H. Merrill), Student life at Radcliffe. (search)
t ask ourselves how it differs from life at other colleges whose purpose is the same, to give young women opportunity to fit themselves for larger and richer spheres of usefulness than they otherwise could fill adequately. To me, Radcliffe life seems to have had as its essential quality, freedom. This freedom is given in both work and play. The wealth of material presented in the Radcliffe catalogue is spread before her and the student may choose what she will. In recreation all that Cambridge and Boston offer is at her disposal, inasmuch as, after her choice of a home approved by college authorities, the absence of the dormitory system leaves the student free to plan her days as she pleases. Whether young women may be given such freedom, whether such freedom develops within them the qualities that are desirable, those who have watched the progress of Radcliffe students through four years of college life are best able to judge. Since, at the present time, we have no dormitor
Cambridge sketches (ed. Estelle M. H. Merrill), Town and Gown. (search)
in 1786, but earlier the overseers of the college had recognized the hospitality of the townspeople by forbidding the students in 1760, from dining or supping in any house in town, except on an invitation to dine or sup gratis. It may be that Cambridge tables were too sumptuously provided, for three years before this the overseers had voted that it would very much contribute to the health (of students), facilitate their studies and prevent extravagance if the scholars were restrained from diard of the college and on his death left a large part of his property to Cambridge charities. Professor Charles Beck enlisted in the civil war but was at once discharged by the medical officers as unfit for service on account of his age, but Cambridge still honors his zeal and contributions in behalf of the wounded in the hospitals. These few instances must suffice, but anyone acquainted with the civic history of Cambridge will recall many cases of the helpfulness of Gown and Town. The
Cambridge sketches (ed. Estelle M. H. Merrill), The Charities of Cambridge. (search)
and applying its simple beauty on the part of donors and recipients alike. Under this heading I am to consider the institutions, not systematically connected with the various churches or with the university, which form a part of the life of Cambridge and are carried on wholly or in part by funds contributed without hope of return other than the consciousness of promoting the common good. The simplest method of arrangement, for once perhaps, is to begin at the climax, to tell of the synt matters. The Holy Ghost Hospital opened the doors of a small frame house-its temporary home-only in January of 1895, to admit incurable patients of all kinds from all accessible points, though no doubt the preference always will be given to Cambridge sufferers. Though the fund hitherto secured has come through a Roman Catholic parish in Cambridge it is hoped that the future support as well as the usefulness of the hospital will be unsectarian and perfectly general. The Middlesex Dispens