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Knight's Mechanical Encyclopedia (ed. Knight) 20 0 Browse Search
The Daily Dispatch: January 18, 1865., [Electronic resource] 6 0 Browse Search
Wendell Phillips, Theodore C. Pease, Speeches, Lectures and Letters of Wendell Phillips: Volume 2 4 0 Browse Search
Baron de Jomini, Summary of the Art of War, or a New Analytical Compend of the Principle Combinations of Strategy, of Grand Tactics and of Military Policy. (ed. Major O. F. Winship , Assistant Adjutant General , U. S. A., Lieut. E. E. McLean , 1st Infantry, U. S. A.) 2 0 Browse Search
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Baron de Jomini, Summary of the Art of War, or a New Analytical Compend of the Principle Combinations of Strategy, of Grand Tactics and of Military Policy. (ed. Major O. F. Winship , Assistant Adjutant General , U. S. A., Lieut. E. E. McLean , 1st Infantry, U. S. A.), Chapter 1: the policy of war. (search)
carried to a distance, traversing vast countries, that population of which might be more or less neutral, doubtful or hostile. Wars of invasion, made through a spirit of conquest, are not unfortunately always the most disadvantageous; Alexander, Caesar, and Napoleon, in the half of his career, have only too well proved this. However, those advantages have limits fixed by nature even, and which it is necessary to guard against crossing, because one falls then into disastrous extremes. Cambyses in Nubia, Darius among the Scythians, Crassus and the Emperor Julian among the Parthians, finally, Napoleon in Russia, furnish bloody testimony to those truths. It must be owned, nevertheless, the mania for conquest was not always the only motive of the conduct of the latter; his personal position, and his struggle with England urged him to enterprises, the evident object of which was to come out victorious in this struggle; love of war and its hazards was manifest in him, but he was still
feet) in circumference, or about 182 feet in diameter, and one cubit in thickness. It was divided and marked at every cubit with the days of the year, the rising and setting of the stars according to their natural revolutions, and the signs ascertained from them by Egyptian astrologers. Rameses reigned in the fourteenth century B. C., — the century after the settling of the land of Canaan by Joshua and the century before the Argonautic Expedition. The golden circle was carried away by Cambyses when he plundered Egypt, 525 B. C., about the time of Kung-fu-tze (Confucius). Ptolemy Euergetes, 246 B. C., placed in the square porch of the Alexandrian Museum an equinoctial and a solstitial armil, the graduated limbs of these instruments being divided into degrees and sixths. There were in the observatory stone structures, the precursors of our mural quadrants. On the floor a meridian line was drawn for the adjustment of the instruments. There were astrolabes and dioptras. The ab
tool, with a seat revolving on a bronze pivot, is preserved in the British Museum. The chair is inlaid with ivory, and the seat is of maroon-colored leather. Cambyses, in consequence of the venality of the judge, slew and flayed Sisamnes, and, cutting his skin into strips, stretched them across the seat of the throne whereon husing the drill for some purpose in this connection, others are painting and polishing the case. The coffins of the Ethiopians, exhibited to the emissaries of Cambyses, are thus described in Herodotus: — They place the body in a crystal block which has been hollowed out to receive it, crystal being dug up in great abundance in being clashed in the warlike dances of the semi-barbarous people of the countries bordering on the Mediterranean. In a Persian dance of the times of Cyrus and Cambyses, the movements were performed to the music of the flute, the performers dashing their crescent-shaped shields together, falling on one knee, and rising. The c
m. Now the skin of a man is thick and glossy, and in whiteness surpasses almost all other hides. Some even flay the entire body of the enemy, and, stretching it upon a frame, carry it about with them wherever they ride. — Herodotus, IV. 64. Cambyses killed and flayed a venal judge, afterwards cutting his skin into strips for a chair-seat, as a reminder for the son, the subsequent occupant of the chair and office. See chair. The skin of the Silenus Marsyas, flayed by Apollo, as the Phry to that before described; after which the rubber is drawn off from the pipe, and it is ready for the market. Among the earliest mention of hose is the following passage in Herodotus (450 B. C.). It refers to the mode of watering the hosts of Cambyses the Persian, during his passage of the desert to attack Psammenitus, the son of Amasis, the Pharaoh of Egypt:— There is a great river in Arabia, called the Corys, which empties itself into the Erythraean [Red] Sea. The Arabian king, they say,
cidentally left it inside when the door was closed, as they supposed, forever, or until the shell of the body was revived to receive its old tenant. The successors of the carpenter in the twentieth generation may have suffered from the wrath of Cambyses. a b c d are chisels and drills. c a drill-bow, the leather string lost. f, whorl of the drill. g, saw; h, hone. i, oil-horn; j, mallet, much worn. k, skin nail-pouch. l, the basket in which the tools were contained. The collectif Egypt by the deposits of the Nile has no doubt hidden thousands of these heavy tools, which were too heavy to move and had nothing in them to tempt the predatory bands by which that unfortunate country has been overrun at and since the time of Cambyses. The mortar and pestle probably constitute the original appliance for grinding grain. In many parts of the United States, and doubtless in foreign countries, remain many large, hollowed stones on which the grain of a community or tribe was
; seams, with a ladle or mop; other surfaces with a brush. b. To fall off from the wind. c. To run out a rope or cable. Peach-parer. Peach-par′er. (Domestic.) A device for peeling peaches. The fork has two prongs,— one stationary; the other, pivoted to the fork-shaft, having a handle resting over a spring, so that the fork can be adjusted to any sized fruit. In Egypt is a fruit called persica, of wonderful sweetness. This was brought out of Ethiopia by the Persians when Cambyses conquered these places. — Diodorus Siculus (60 B. C.). Rather say, brought by the Persians from home. They brought little with them from Ethiopia except disgrace. The peach (Persica) is Persian. It was introduced from the East into Europe by the Arabs. Its congeners, the nectarine and apricot, are also natives of Asia. Peach-ston′er. An implement for thrusting the stone out of a peach while holding the fruit; or, with free peaches, dividing the fruit, so that the pit may dro
e prince of the tribes offered six covered wagons and twelve oxen, two oxen to a wagon, for the use of the Levites: two wagons and four oxen he gave unto the sons of Gershom, and four wagons and eight oxen he gave unto the sons of Merari. — Numbers VII. 3, 7. Camels are not shown in the Egyptian paintings, and could not have been in come on use in that country in Pharaonic times. Their use had long been known in Persia, and some were probably introduced by the immigrating Israelites. Cambyses failed to reach the oasis and temple of Ammon, probably from want of camels. Herodotus refers to the carts and wagons of the Scythians (see cart). Aeschylus, in his Prometheus bound, speaks of the Wandering Scyths who dwell In latticed huts high poised on easy wheels. One of their wagons, measured by Rubruquis, had a distance of 20 feet between the wheels: the axle was like the mast of a sloop, and it was hauled by 22 oxen, 11 abreast (Fig. 7002). Marco Polo, who traveled thro
Wendell Phillips, Theodore C. Pease, Speeches, Lectures and Letters of Wendell Phillips: Volume 2, The education of the people (1859). (search)
public mind. The friend who has just taken his seat, Isaac F. Shepard, Esq., has alluded to Greece. It reminds me that there were two civilizations in the old time,--one was Egyptian, the other was Greek. The Egyptian kept its knowledge for priests and nobles. Science hid itself in the cloister; it was confined to the aristocracy. Knowledge was the organ of despotism; it was the secret of the upper classes; it was the engine of government; it was used to over-awe the people; and when Cambyses came down from Persia, and thundered across Egypt, treading out under his horse's hoofs royalty and priesthood, he trod out science and civilization at the same time. The other side of the picture is Greece. Her civilization was democratic. It was for the mob of Athens, so to speak, that Pericles spoke and planned; that the tragedian wrote; that the historian elaborated, in his seven years labor, those perfect pictures of times and states and policies. It was for the people that the gam
Wendell Phillips, Theodore C. Pease, Speeches, Lectures and Letters of Wendell Phillips: Volume 2, The lost arts (1838). (search)
spinning-machine was introduced into Europe. I have evidence to show that it made its appearance two thousand years before. Well, I tell you this fact to show that perhaps we do not invent just everything. Why did I think to grope in the ashes for this? Because all Egypt knew the secret, which was not the knowledge of the professor, the king, and the priest. Their knowledge won an historic privilege which separated them from and brought down the masses; and this chain was broken when Cambyses came down from Persia, and by his genius and intellect opened the gates of knowledge, thundering across Egypt, drawing out civilization from royalty and priesthood. Such was the system which was established in Egypt of old. It was four thousand years before humanity took that subject to a proper consideration; and when this consideration was made, civilization changed her character. Learning no longer hid in a convent, or slumbered in the palace. No; she came out, joining hands with t
The Daily Dispatch: January 18, 1865., [Electronic resource], Chronological age of the World.--exact agreement of the Egyptian and Biblical Chronology. (search)
. A new calendar was then adapted, B. C. 1986, as is shown by the following calculations; and a gothic cycle then began, which ended in the year B. C. 525, when Cambyses, the Persian, conquered Egypt, fourteen hundred and sixty-one Egyptian years later than B. C. 1986. The Statement that a gothic cycle ended in the year B. C. 52h the Bible Chronology, as contained in Brown's Ordo Saclorum, which dates the creation of Adam B. C. 4102, and the beginning of the Deluge B. C. 2446. Cambyses conquered Egypt,B. C. 525 add a gothic cycle1,461 years. the beginning of the calendar,B. C. 1,968 add a part of a cynic cycle443 years. Mizraim, fathercle1,461 4 cycles3,561 Add the period before the seventeenth year of Adam16 Making the year of the world3,577 The first year of Adam, being B. C. 4,102, A. M. 3,577, is equal to B. C. 525, the era of Cambyses. This exact agreement of dates is worthy of examination by those persons who are interested in the subject.