feet) in circumference, or about 182 feet in diameter, and one cubit in thickness.
It was divided and marked at every cubit with the days of the year, the rising and setting of the stars according to their natural revolutions, and the signs ascertained from them by Egyptian astrologers.
Rameses reigned in the fourteenth century B. C., — the century after the settling of the land of Canaan by Joshua and the century before the Argonautic Expedition.
The golden circle was carried away by Cambyses when he plundered Egypt, 525 B. C., about the time of Kung-fu-tze (Confucius).
Ptolemy Euergetes, 246 B. C., placed in the square porch of the Alexandrian Museum an equinoctial and a solstitial armil, the graduated limbs of these instruments being divided into degrees and sixths.
There were in the observatory stone structures, the precursors of our mural quadrants.
On the floor a meridian line was drawn for the adjustment of the instruments.
There were astrolabes and dioptras.
tool, with a seat revolving on a bronze pivot, is preserved in the British Museum.
The chair is inlaid with ivory, and the seat is of maroon-colored leather.
Cambyses, in consequence of the venality of the judge, slew and flayed Sisamnes, and, cutting his skin into strips, stretched them across the seat of the throne whereon husing the drill for some purpose in this connection, others are painting and polishing the case.
The coffins of the Ethiopians, exhibited to the emissaries of Cambyses, are thus described in Herodotus: — They place the body in a crystal block which has been hollowed out to receive it, crystal being dug up in great abundance in being clashed in the warlike dances of the semi-barbarous people of the countries bordering on the Mediterranean.
In a Persian dance of the times of Cyrus and Cambyses, the movements were performed to the music of the flute, the performers dashing their crescent-shaped shields together, falling on one knee, and rising.
Now the skin of a man is thick and glossy, and in whiteness surpasses almost all other hides.
Some even flay the entire body of the enemy, and, stretching it upon a frame, carry it about with them wherever they ride. — Herodotus, IV. 64.
Cambyses killed and flayed a venal judge, afterwards cutting his skin into strips for a chair-seat, as a reminder for the son, the subsequent occupant of the chair and office.
The skin of the Silenus Marsyas, flayed by Apollo, as the Phry to that before described; after which the rubber is drawn off from the pipe, and it is ready for the market.
Among the earliest mention of hose is the following passage in Herodotus (450 B. C.). It refers to the mode of watering the hosts of Cambyses the Persian, during his passage of the desert to attack Psammenitus, the son of Amasis, the Pharaoh of Egypt:—
There is a great river in Arabia, called the Corys, which empties itself into the Erythraean [Red] Sea. The Arabian king, they say,
cidentally left it inside when the door was closed, as they supposed, forever, or until the shell of the body was revived to receive its old tenant.
The successors of the carpenter in the twentieth generation may have suffered from the wrath of Cambyses.
a b c d are chisels and drills.
c a drill-bow, the leather string lost.
f, whorl of the drill.
g, saw; h, hone.
i, oil-horn; j, mallet, much worn.
k, skin nail-pouch.
l, the basket in which the tools were contained.
The collectif Egypt by the deposits of the Nile has no doubt hidden thousands of these heavy tools, which were too heavy to move and had nothing in them to tempt the predatory bands by which that unfortunate country has been overrun at and since the time of Cambyses.
The mortar and pestle probably constitute the original appliance for grinding grain.
In many parts of the United States, and doubtless in foreign countries, remain many large, hollowed stones on which the grain of a community or tribe was
; seams, with a ladle or mop; other surfaces with a brush.
b. To fall off from the wind.
c. To run out a rope or cable.
（Domestic.) A device for peeling peaches.
The fork has two prongs,— one stationary; the other, pivoted to the fork-shaft, having a handle resting over a spring, so that the fork can be adjusted to any sized fruit.
In Egypt is a fruit called persica, of wonderful sweetness.
This was brought out of Ethiopia by the Persians when Cambyses conquered these places. — Diodorus Siculus (60 B. C.).
Rather say, brought by the Persians from home.
They brought little with them from Ethiopia except disgrace.
The peach (Persica) is Persian.
It was introduced from the East into Europe by the Arabs.
Its congeners, the nectarine and apricot, are also natives of Asia.
An implement for thrusting the stone out of a peach while holding the fruit; or, with free peaches, dividing the fruit, so that the pit may dro
e prince of the tribes offered six covered wagons and twelve oxen, two oxen to a wagon, for the use of the Levites: two wagons and four oxen he gave unto the sons of Gershom, and four wagons and eight oxen he gave unto the sons of Merari. — Numbers VII. 3, 7.
Camels are not shown in the Egyptian paintings, and could not have been in come on use in that country in Pharaonic times.
Their use had long been known in Persia, and some were probably introduced by the immigrating Israelites.
Cambyses failed to reach the oasis and temple of Ammon, probably from want of camels.
Herodotus refers to the carts and wagons of the Scythians (see cart). Aeschylus, in his Prometheus bound, speaks of the
Wandering Scyths who dwell In latticed huts high poised on easy wheels.
One of their wagons, measured by Rubruquis, had a distance of 20 feet between the wheels: the axle was like the mast of a sloop, and it was hauled by 22 oxen, 11 abreast (Fig. 7002).
Marco Polo, who traveled thro