Browsing named entities in George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 7, 4th edition.. You can also browse the collection for Carleton or search for Carleton in all documents.

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of town meetings, which, he complained to the king, controlled the pulpit, the press, and the multitude, overawed the judges, and screened the guilty. The usurpation, said he, has by time acquired a firmness that is not to be annihilated at once, or by ordinary methods. The arrival of Hutchinson in England lulled the king into momentary security. Tryon from New York had said, that the ministers must put forth the whole power of Great Britain, if they would bring America to their feet; Carleton, the governor of Canada, thought it not safe to undertake a march from the Saint Lawrence to New York with an army of less than ten thousand men; but Hutchinson, who, on reaching London, was hurried by Dartmouth to the royal presence without time to change his clothes, assured the king, that the port-bill was the only wise and effective method of bringing the people of Boston to submission; that it had occasioned among them extreme alarm; that no one colony would comply with their request f
from England, and he resolved also to raise irregulars, of one sort or other, in America. The sort of irregulars he had in his mind, he explained in a letter to Carleton, who was just then expected to arrive at Quebec from England. I ask your opinion, wrote he, what measures would be most efficacious to raise a body of Canadians time of Shirley on remedies for the weakness of British power. This is the moment when it was adopted in practice. The com- Chap. X.} 1774. Sept. mission to Carleton, as governor of the province of Quebec under the act of parliament, conveyed full authority to levy, arm, and employ not the Canadians only, but all persons whatly into the hands of the most unscrupulous and subservient English officers, and the most covetous and cruel of the old French partisans. Chap. X.} 1774. Sept. Carleton, from the first, abhorred the measure, which he was yet constrained to promote. You know, wrote he of the Indians to Gage, what sort of people they are. It was
ding a government which was not their own. The great dependence of the crown was on the clergy. The capitulation of New France had guaranteed to them freedom of public worship; but the laws for their support were held to be no longer valid. By the Quebec act they were confirmed in the possession of their ancient churches and their revenues; so Chap. XIV.} 1774. Oct. that the Roman Catholic worship was as effectually established in Canada, as the Presbyterian Church in Scotland. When Carleton returned to his government, bearing this great measure of conciliation, of which he was known to have been the adviser, he was welcomed by the Catholic bishop and priests of Quebec with professions of loyalty; and the memory of Thurlow and Wedderburn, who carried the act through parliament, is gratefully embalmed in Canadian history. And yet the clergy were conscious that the concession of the great privileges which they now obtained, was but an act of worldly policy, mainly due to the dis
ie or be free. Granville Sharpe, who was employed in the ordnance department, declined to take part in sending stores to America, and after some delay, threw up his employment. Lord Chatham was the real conqueror of Canada for England; and Carleton had been proud to take to Quebec as his aide de camp Chatham's eldest son. But it was impossible for the offspring of the elder Pitt to draw his sword against the Americans; and his resignation was offered, as soon as it could be done without a s of Indians, and he turned to them for immediate assistance. To insure the fulfilment of his wishes, the order to engage them was sent directly in his name to the unscrupulous Indian agent, Guy Johnson, whose functions were made independent of Carleton. Lose no time, it was said; induce them to take up the hatchet against his majesty's rebellious subjects in America. It is a service of very great importance; fail not to exert every effort that may tend to accomplish it; use the utmost dilige
t is bad policy, said Ethan Allen, to fear the resentment of an enemy. Five hundred families, wrote Arnold, would be left at the mercy of the king's troops Chap. XXXV.} 1775. May. and the Indians. The Massachusetts congress remonstrated; while Connecticut, with the consent of New York, ordered one thousand of her sons to march as speedily as possible to the defence of the two fortresses. The command of Lake Champlain was the best security against an attack from Indians and Canadians. Carleton, the governor of Canada, was using his utmost efforts to form a body capable of protecting the province. Officers from the French Canadian nobility were taken into pay; the tribes nearest to the frontiers of the English settlements were tampered with; in north-western New York, Guy Johnson was employing all his activity in insulating the settlers in Cherry Valley, winning the favor and support of the Six Nations, and duping the magistrates of Schenectady and Albany; while La Corne St. Luc,