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he Navajo war; a war that has been continued with but few intermissions for the past one hundred and eighty years; and which, during that time, has been marked by every shade of atrocity, brutality, and ferocity which can be imagined, or which can be found in the annals of conflicts between our own and the aboriginal race. I beg to congratulate you, and the country at large, on the prospect that this formidable band of robbers and murderers have at last been made to succumb. To Colonel Christopher Carson, First cavalry New Mexican volunteers, Captain Asa B. Carey, United States army, and the officers and men who have served in the Navajo campaign, the credit for these successes is mainly due. The untiring labors of Major John C. McFerran, United States army, the chief quartermaster of the department, who has kept the troops in that distant region supplied in spite of the most discouraging obstacles and difficulties — not the least of these the sudden dashes upon trains and herds
, who were paraded under arms on the occasion. Caulfield had been tried and sentenced for shooting a Mexican soldier of his own regiment, and the Department Commander ordered his execution in three days from the date of reception of the general order at Fort Canby. He died without a struggle, his heart having been pierced with six bullets. As the Navajo expedition is now entirely successful, it is but justice to the officers and men of the First cavalry of New-Mexico, and to Colonel Christopher Carson and his staff, to say that they have all acted with zeal and devotion for the accomplishment of that great desideratum — the removal of the Navajoes. Cut off from the enjoyments of civilized life, deprived of its luxuries, comforts, and even many of its necessaries, and restricted to the exploration of a wilderness and the castigation of an army of savages, who defied them and endeavored to find a shelter among the cliffs, groves, and cañons of their country; in pursuing them to t
was born in Coblenz, Germany, in 1823, and served as an officer in the Prussian army. He came to St. Louis, and in 1861 entered the Union army as major of volunteers. Later, as colonel, he had a brigade in the Army of the Southwest, and at Pea Ridge he commanded a division. Passing into the Army of the Tennessee as brigadier-general of volunteers, he commanded divisions in the Thirteenth and Fifteenth corps, taking part in the Federal generals--no. 14 New Mexico Christopher Carson (Kit Carson), of New Mexico, famous Rocky Mountain Scout. Nebraska John M. Thayer, of Nebraska, an important division commander. New York Henry M. Judah, conspicuous during Morgan's raid of 1863. J. J. Bartlett received the arms of Lee's troops at Appomattox. Gustavus A. De Russy, who was brevetted for gallantry. Charles K. Graham led a brigade at Chancellorsville. N. Martin Curtis, promoted for gallantry at Fort Fisher. Romeyn B. Ayres, active as
ril 9, 1865. Butler, T. H., Mar. 13, 1865. Callis, J. B., Mar. 13, 1865. Cameron, D., Mar. 13, 1865. Cameron, Hugh, Mar. 13, 1865. Campbell, C. J., Mar. 13, 1865. Campbell, E. L., June 2, 1865. Campbell, J. M., Mar. 13, 1865. Campbell, J. A., Mar. 13, 1865. Candy, Charles, Mar. 13, 1865. Capron, Horace, Feb. 13, 1865. Carle, James, Mar. 13, 1865. Carleton, C. A., Mar. 13, 1865. Carman, Ezra A., Mar. 13, 1865. Carnahan, R. H., Oct. 28, 1865. Carruth, Sumner, April 2, 1865. Carson, Chris., Mar. 13, 1865. Case, Henry, Mar. 16, 1865. Casement, J. S., Jan. 25, 1865. Cassidy, A. L., Mar. 13, 1865. Cavender, J. S., Mar. 13, 1865. Chamberlain, S. E., Feb. 24, 1865. Champion, T. E., Feb. 20, 1865. Chickering, T. E., Mar. 13, 1865. Chipman, H. L., Mar. 13, 1865. Chipman, N. P., Mar. 13, 1865. Christ, B. C., Aug. 1, 1864. Christensen, C. T., Mar. 13, 1865. Christian, W. H., Mar. 13, 1865. Churchill, M., Mar. 13, 1865. Cilly, J. P., June 2, 1865. Cist, H. M., Mar. 13
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Carson, Christopher 1809-1868 (search)
Carson, Christopher 1809-1868 Popularly known as Kit Carson, military officer; born in Madison county, Ky., Dec. 24, 1809; began a life of adventure when seventeen years old; was a trapper on the plains for eight years; and then hunter for Bent's Fort garrison for eight years more. Soon afterwards he became acquainted with John C. Fremont (q. v.), who employed him as guide on his later explorations. His extensive familiarity with the habits and language of the various Indian tribes in the Western country, and his possession of their confidence, made him exceptionally effective in promoting the settlement of that region. In 1847 he was appointed a second lieutenant in the United States Mounted Rifles; in 1853 drove 6,500 sheep across the mountains into California, and on his return was made Indian agent in New Mexico, where he did much in securing treaties between the government and the Indians. During the Civil War he rendered important service in Colorado, New Mexico, and th