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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 61 25 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing). You can also browse the collection for Cervera or search for Cervera in all documents.

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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Blanco, Ramon Y Arenas, 1833- (search)
ion of Clara Barton. When the Maine was blown up in the harbor of Havana, Blanco summoned the troops and firemen of the city to aid in the rescue of the survivors, and expressed Ramon Y Arenas Blanco. strong regrets on the appalling disaster. After the United States made the declaration of war, he assumed command of all troops and military operations on the island. It has been stated that it was by his imperative commands, supported by orders from Madrid, of a similar tenor, that Admiral Cervera (q. v.) made the unsuccessful attempt to escape from Santiago Harbor with his fleet. After the surrender of the Spanish army at Santiago. Blanco asked to be relieved of his command, on the ground that having urged the Cubans to maintain the war, it would be difficult for him to prepare them for the conditions involved in the protocol of peace. His resignation was accepted, and the duty of formally transferring Cuba to the protection of the United States was devolved upon a subordinat
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Blount, William, 1744-1800 (search)
ess was discontinued in the House. His popularity in Tennessee was increased by these proceedings, and he became, by the voice of the people, a State Senator and president of that body. He died in Knoxville, Tenn., March 21, 1800. Blue, Victor, naval officer; horn in Marion, S. C.. Dec. 6, 1865; entered the United States Naval Academy, Sept. 6, 1883; was an assistant engineer in 1889-92; then promoted to ensign; served on the Alliance and Thetis; and was assigned to duty at the Naval Academy, Sept. 28, 1896. When the war with Spain broke out he was promoted to lieutenant, and ordered to the gunboat Suwanee. On June 11, 1898, he was landed at Acerraderos, Cuba, made his way to the top of a hill overlooking Santiago Harbor, and definitely located Admiral Cervera's Spanish fleet in the harbor. This journey was one of 72 miles in extent, and was wholly within the enemy's lines. For this successful achievement he was commended by Rear-Admiral Sampson and the Secretary of the Navy.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cervera y Topeto, Pascual De, Conde De Jerez, Marquis De Santa Ana (search)
Cervera y Topeto, Pascual De, Conde De Jerez, Marquis De Santa Ana Naval officer; born in the province of Jerez Spain, in 1833; was graduated at the San Fernando Naval Academy in 1851. He par ticipated in the expeditions to Morocco Admiral Cervera. in 1859 and Cochin-China in 1862, and in the blockade of Cuba against filibuster in 1870; and later became secretary o the navy. He was promoted admiral in 1888. In the war with the United State in 1898 he was given command of the fleet sent to operate in Cuban waters. After Hobson and his companions, who sunk the collier at the entrance of Santiago Harbor, were captured by the Spaniards, they were handsomely treated by Admiral Cervera till regularly exchanged. When the admiral received orders to attempt an escape from the harbor of Santiago he saw and reported the hopelessness of such an undertaking, yet when peremptory orders were received he did not hesitate to act upon them. The result was one of the most thrilling naval
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Clark, Charles Edgar 1843- (search)
, and the bombardment of Fort Morgan, Aug. 23. He was promoted lieutenant in 1867; lieutenantcommander in 1868; commander in 1881; and captain, June 21, 1896; and was given command of the Monterey. He held this post till March, 1898, when he was given command of the battle-ship Oregon, then at San Francisco, under orders to hurry her around Cape Horn to the vicinity of Cuba. He made the now famous run of 14,000 miles to Key West in sixty-five days, arriving at his destination on May 26. This was the longest and quickest trip of any battle-ship afloat. Despite her long voyage, the Oregon immediately joined Admiral Sampson's squadron. Captain Clark's excellent discipline was evident in the effective work against the Spanish fleet at Santiago. In company with the Brooklyn, he gave chase to the Vizcaya, the Colon, and the flag-ship of Admiral Cervera, the Maria Teresa, and aided in the destruction of each. In 1899 Captain Clark was assigned to duty at the navy-yard, Philadelphia.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Evans, Robley Dunglison, 1863- (search)
Evans, Robley Dunglison, 1863- Naval officer; born in Virginia; graduated at the United States Naval Academy in 1863; took part in the attack on Fort Fisher, where he was severely wounded; was in command of the Yorktown in the harbor of Valparaiso, Chile, in 1891, during a period of strained relations between the United States and Chile; commanded the battle-ship Iowa and took an active part in the destruction of Cervera's fleet; was promoted rear-admiral in 1901. He is author of A sailor's log and many magazine articles. Evarts, William Maxwell
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hobson, Richmond Pearson 1870- (search)
gainst San Juan, Porto Rico. The action, however, which made his name a synonym for gallantry occurred at the entrance of the harbor of Santiago, Cuba, after Admiral Cervera's fleet was positively known to be in that harbor. Taking seven men with him, he piloted the collier Merrimac to the narrow entrance of the harbor, and sank from passing out. He and his party leaped overboard; were picked up by the Spaniards; and held prisoners for a few weeks, receiving kind treatment by order of Admiral Cervera. After the destruction of Cervera's fleet he was ordered to Manila to take charge of the raising and repairing of the Spanish vessels sunk by Admiral Dewey. iving kind treatment by order of Admiral Cervera. After the destruction of Cervera's fleet he was ordered to Manila to take charge of the raising and repairing of the Spanish vessels sunk by Admiral Dewey. He returned to the United States in 1901. He is the author of The disappearing gun afloat; The sinking of the Merrimac, etc.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), McKinley, William 1843- (search)
been signed. How different now! Annihilation of distance. We reached General Miles in Porto Rico by cable, and he was able through the military telegraph to stop his army on the firing-line with the message that the United States and Spain had signed a protocol suspending hostilities. We knew almost instantly of the first shot fired at Santiago, and the subsequent surrender of the Spanish forces was known at Washington within less than an hour of its consummation. The first ship of Cervera's fleet had hardly emerged from that historic harbor when the fact was flashed to our capital, and the swift destruction that followed was announced immediately through the wonderful medium of telegraphy. So accustomed are we to safe and easy communication with distant lands that its temporary interruption even in ordinary times results in loss and inconvenience. We shall never forget the days of anxious waiting and awful suspense when no information was permitted to be sent from Peking.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Sampson, William Thomas 1840- (search)
ntiago harbor, and on June 9 seized Guantanamo Bay and made it a base of supplies. On the morning of July 3, when Admiral Cervera attempted to escape from Santiago Harbor, Rear-Admiral Sampson, with the flag-ship New York, was about 7 miles from the command of the American fleet devolved on Rear-Admiral Schley. The battle which resulted in the destruction of Admiral Cervera's fleet was fought on plans formulated by Rear-Admiral Sampson, who was unable to reach the scene of the fight beforthe honor to make the following report upon the battle with and the destruction of the Spanish squadron commanded by Admiral Cervera off Santiago de Cuba on Sunday, July 3, 1898. Second. The enemy's vessels came out of the harbor between 9.35 an blockade. When all the work was done so well it is difficult to discriminate in praise. The object of the blockade of Cervera's squadron was fully accomplished, and each individual bore well his part in it, the commodore in command of the second
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Santiago, naval battle of (search)
the harbor of Santiago de Cuba on July 3, 1898: It matters little now why Cervera pushed open the door of Santiago Harbor and rushed out to ruin and defeat. Thgo would soon be surrounded, cut off, starved, and taken. It is true that Admiral Cervera had announced that if the Americans entered Santiago he would shell and deng out, there was at least a chance, however slight, of saving something. So Cervera was ordered to leave the harbor of Santiago. He would have liked to go by nige officers and seamen, the gunners and engineers, surpassed the The last of Cervera's fleet. Spaniards in their organization and in their handling of the machine might themselves be obliged to take. The whole war showed, and the defeat of Cervera most conspicuously, that the Spaniards had utterly lost the power of attack, ato admire and to praise the despairing courage which held El Caney and carried Cervera's fleet out of the narrow channel of Santiago; but it is not the kind of coura
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Santiago de Cuba, (search)
l of the province and oriental region. There are a number of tobacco factories, but the chief business is the exportation of raw materials and the importation of manufactured goods and provisions. Sugar, iron ore, manganese, mahogany, hides, wax, cedar, and tobacco are exported to the United States. In the American-Spanish War this city was made the objective-point of the American army. For the details of this short campaign see Spain, War with. The Spanish fleet, under command of Admiral Cervera, entered the harbor of San- General view of Santiago. tiago, and on July 3, directed by imperative orders from the governor-general at Havana, emerged into the sea through the narrow mouth of the bay, and sought to escape the large blockading and fighting squadron under command of Rear-Admiral Sampson. The Spanish fleet had no sooner cleared the entrance to the harbor when the object of the movement was discerned by the Americans, and the fleet, under the command of Rear-Admiral Sch
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