Browsing named entities in George Bancroft, History of the United States from the Discovery of the American Continent, Vol. 4, 15th edition.. You can also browse the collection for Chalmers or search for Chalmers in all documents.

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sumed self-direction. The method adopted in England for superintending American affairs, by means of a Board of Commissioners for Trade and Plantations, who had neither a voice in the deliberation of the cabinet nor access to the king, tended to involve the colonies in everincreasing confusion. The Board framed instructions without power to enforce them, or to propose measures for their efficiency. It took cognizance of all events, and might investigate, give information, or advise; Chalmers's Political Annals of the United Colonies. Book II., chap. III. 236. Opinions of Eminent Lawyers; Preface VIII., IX. but it had no authority to form an ultimate decision on any political question whatever. In those days there were two secretaries of state charged with the management of the foreign relations of Great Britain. The executive power with regard to the colonies was reserved to the Secretary of State, who had the care of what was called the Southern Department, chap. I.} 17
ament of England. That opinion impressed itself early and deeply on the mind of Lord Mansfield, and in October, 1744, when the neglect of Pennsylvania to render aid in the war had engaged the attention of the ministry, Sir Dudley Rider and Lord Mansfield, then William Murray, declared, that a colonial assembly cannot be compelled to do more towards their own defence than they shall see fit, unless by the force of an act of parliament, which alone can prescribe rules of conduct for them. Chalmers' Introduction, Ms. II. 86. Away, then, with all attempts to compel by prerogative, to govern by instructions, to obtain a revenue chap. II.} 1748. by royal requisitions, to fix quotas by a council of crown officers. No power but that of parliament can overrule the colonial assemblies. Such was the doctrine of Murray, who was himself able to defend his system, being unrivalled in debate, except by William Pitt alone. The advice of this illustrious jurist was the more authoritative, be
e king, founded in part on muster-rolls and returns of taxables, included Nova Scotia, and according to the authority of Chalmers in the History of the Revolt, estimated the population of British Continental America, in 1754, at 1,192,896whites, de in 1714, on the accession of George the First, in 1727, on that of George the Second, and in 1754, were, according to Chalmers, White.Black.Total. 1714,375,750,58,850,434,600. 1727,502,000,78,000,580,000. 1754,1,192,896,292,738,1,485,634. s country south of the Potomac, may have had one hundred and seventy-eight thousand. Of the Southern group, Georgia Chalmers' Revolt, II., 803.—the chosen asylum of misfortune–had been languishing under the guardianship of a corporation, whose bIn December, 1751, the trustees unanimously desired to surrender their charter, and, with the approbation of Murray, Chalmers' Opinions of Eminent Lawyers, i., 187, 188. all chap. VI.} 1754. authority for two years emanated from the king alone.
frontiers of America, the South would have enjoyed unbroken repose but for the pride of Lyttleton, who at once contended with South Carolina, to regain the powers of government which his predecessors, as he said, had unfaithfully given away, Chalmers's History of the Revolt of the Colonies, II. 794. and awakened an Indian war by his zeal for reducing the native mountaineers to his own criminal code. He could not discern in the red man's morals the eternal principles chap. XV.} 1759. whichfell victims. In November, 1758, Tiftoe and five other chieftains came down from their mountains to Charleston to reconcile differences and treat of an amnesty. Speech of Gov. Lyttleton to Oconostata, on council records, of 22 Oct., 1759. Chalmers's History of the Revolt, II. 793. The old covenant between them and the English, of which one of the clauses stipulated that murderers should be given up, was revived; they accepted presents to cover up their losses, and gave pledges of inviolab