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Bliss Perry, The American spirit in lierature: a chronicle of great interpreters 15 1 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Atlantic Essays 5 1 Browse Search
Mary Thacher Higginson, Thomas Wentworth Higginson: the story of his life 4 0 Browse Search
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 2 0 Browse Search
Thomas Wentworth Higginson, Olde Cambridge 2 2 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in Bliss Perry, The American spirit in lierature: a chronicle of great interpreters. You can also browse the collection for Edward Channing or search for Edward Channing in all documents.

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1770 an unspeakable error and calamity. The seventeenth-century colonists were predominantly English, in blood, in traditions, and in impulses. Whether we look at Virginia or Plymouth or at the other colonies that were planted in swift succession along the seaboard, it is clear that we are dealing primarily with men of the English race. Most of them would have declared, with as much emphasis as Francis Hopkinson a century later, We of America are in all respects Englishmen. Professor Edward Channing thinks that it took a century of exposure to colonial conditions to force the English in America away from the traditions and ideals of those who continued to live in the old land. But the student of literature must keep constantly in mind that these English colonizers represented no single type of the national character. There were many men of many minds even within the contracted cabin of the Mayflower. The sifted wheat was by no means all of the same variety. For Old Engla
Bliss Perry, The American spirit in lierature: a chronicle of great interpreters, Chapter 3: the third and fourth generation (search)
our of selfexamination came? Only the briefest summary may be attempted here. As to race, these men of the third and fourth generation since the planting of the colonies were by no means so purely English as the first settlers. The 1,600,000 colonists in 1760 were mingled of many stocks, the largest non-English elements being German and Scotch-Irish--that is, Scotch who had settled for a while in Ulster before emigrating to America. About one-third of the colonists in 1760, says Professor Channing, were born outside of America. Crevecceur's Letters from an American farmer thus defined the Americans: They are a mixture of English, Scotch, Irish, French, Dutch, Germans, and Swedes. From this promiscuous breed that race now called Americans has arisen. The Atlantic seaboard, with a narrow strip inland, was fairly well covered by local communities, differing in blood, in religion, in political organization-a congeries of separate experiments or young utopias, waiting for that mos
et the change. My heart sometimes seems tired with beating, it wants rest like my eyelids, which feel oppressed with so many watchings. Crevecoeur, an immigrant from Normandy, was certainly no weakling, but he felt that the great idyllic American adventure — which he described so captivatingly in his chapter entitled What is an American--was ending tragically in civil war. Another whitesouled itinerant of that day was John Woolman of New Jersey, whose Journal, praised by Charles Lamb and Channing and edited by Whittier, is finding more readers in the twentieth century than it won in the nineteenth. A man unlettered, said Whittier, but with natural refinement and delicate sense of fitness, the purity of whose heart enters into his language. Woolman died at fifty-two in far-away York, England, whither he had gone to attend a meeting of the Society of Friends. The three tall volumes of the Princeton edition of the poems of Philip Freneau bear the sub-title, Poet of the American Rev
Bliss Perry, The American spirit in lierature: a chronicle of great interpreters, Chapter 6: the Transcendentalists (search)
terature, insisted also upon the value of a deeper knowledge of the literature of the Continent. This was the burden of Channing's once famous article on A national literature in 1823: it was a plea for an independent American school of writers, butiters should know the best that Europe had to teach. The purely literary movement was connected, as the great name of Channing suggests, with a new sense of freedom in philosophy and religion. Calvinism had mainly done its work in New England. Itern Massachusetts and made its way to other States. Orthodox and liberal Congregational churches split apart, and when Channing preached the ordination sermon for Jared Sparks in Baltimore in 1819, the word Unitarian, accepted by the liberals with esent concern is with the impact of this cosmopolitan current upon the mind and character of a few New England writers. Channing and Theodore Parker, Margaret Fuller and Alcott, Thoreau and Emerson, are all representative of the best thought and the
hs, John, 262 By Blue Ontario's shore, Whitman 204 Byrd, William, 44 Cable, G. W., 246 Calef, Robert, 43 Calhoun, J. C., 215 Calvinism in New England, 18-19 Cambridge thirty years ago, Lowell 174 Captain Bonneville, Irving 91 Carlyle, Thomas, quoted, 139 Cask of Amontillado, the, Poe 193 Cavell, Edith, quoted, 266 Cawein, Madison, 257 Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County, the, Clemens 237 Century magazine, 256 Changeling, the, Lowell, 172 Channing, Edward, 13 Channing, W. E., 112, 113, 119, 142 Chateaubriand, Vicomte de, 96-97 Children's hour, the, Longfellow 157 Chita, Hearn 248 Chinese Ghosts, Hearn 248 Choate, Rufus, 215 Church, Captain, 39 Circuit rider, the, Eggleston 247 City in the sea, the, Poe 189 Clark, Roger, 41 Clarke, J. F., 141 Clay, Ienry, 208, 209-11 Clemens, S. L. (Mark Twain), attacks Cooper's novels, 99; quoted, 236; life and writings, 237-40; typically American, 265 Cobbler Keezar's vis