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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 40 2 Browse Search
John F. Hume, The abolitionists together with personal memories of the struggle for human rights 38 0 Browse Search
The Daily Dispatch: March 6, 1861., [Electronic resource] 10 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Banks, National. (search)
Banks, National. The plan of the national banks is believed to have originated with Salmon P. Chase, when Secretary of the Treasury. In his report for December, 1861, he recommended the gradual issue of national bank-notes, secured by the pledge of United States bonds, in preference to the further issue of United States notes, $50,000,000 of which had been issued during the previous year. A bill was soon after prepared in accordance with the Secretary's views, and printed for the use of the committee of ways and means, but it was not reported, and on July 8 following, Thaddeus Stevens, the chairmen of the committee, submitted the bill with an adverse report. The immediate necessities of the government compelled the further issue of legaltender notes, and the consideration of the bank act was deferred. In his report for 1862, Mr. Chase again urged the passage of the national bank bill, and President Lincoln also recommended it in his message. The principal reason why Mr. Chas
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cabinet, President's (search)
am March 6, 1829 Louis McLane Aug. 2, 1831 William J. Duane May 29, 1833 Roger B. Taney Sept.23, 1833 Levi Woodbury June 27, 1834 Thomas Ewing March 5, 1841 Walter Forward Sept.13, 1841 John C. Spencer March 3, 1843 George M. Bibb June 15, 1844 Robert J. Walker March 6, 1845 William M. Meredith March 8, 1849 Thomas Corwin July 23, 1850 James Guthrie March 7, 1853 Howell Cobb March 6, 1857 Philip F. Thomas Dec. 12, 1860 John A. Dix Jan. 11, 1861 Name.Appointed. Salmon P. Chase March 7, 1861 William Pitt Fessenden July 1, 1864 Hugh McCullochMarch 7, 1865 George S. Boutwell March 11, 1869 William A. Richardson March 17, 1873 Benjamin H. Bristow June 4, 1874 Lot M. Morrill July 7, 1876 John Sherman March 8, 1877 William Windom March 5, 1881 Charles J. Folger Oct. 27, 1881 Walter Q. Gresham Sept.24, 1884 Hugh McCulloch Oct. 28, 1884 Daniel Manning March 6, 1886 Charles S. Fairchild April 1, 1887 William Windom March 5, 1889 Charles Foster Fe
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Chase, Salmon Portland 1808-1873 (search)
Chase, Salmon Portland 1808-1873 Statesman; born in Cornish, N. H., Jan. 13, 1808. When twelve years of age he was placed in charge of his uncle, Bishop Chase, in Ohio, who superintended his tuiBishop Chase, in Ohio, who superintended his tuition. He entered Cincinnati College; and after a year there returned to New Hampshire and entered Dartmouth College, where he graduated in 1826. He taught school and studied law in Washington, D. C. defence of J. G. Birney (q. v.), prosecuted under a State law for harboring a fugitive slave, Mr. Chase asserted the doctrine that slavery was local, and dependent upon State law for existence, and He entered the political field in 1841, on organizing the liberty party (q. v.) in Salmon Portland Chase. Ohio, and was ever afterwards active in its conventions, as well as in the ranks of thehe spring of 1868. Being dissatisfied with the action of the Republican majority in Congress, Mr. Chase was proposed, in 1868, as the Democratic nominee for President. He was willing to accept the
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hart, Albert Bushnell 1854- (search)
Hart, Albert Bushnell 1854- Historian; born in Clarksville, Pa., July 1, 1854; graduated at Harvard College in 1880; appointed Professor of History there. His publications include Formation of the Union; Epoch maps; Introduction to the study of federal government; Life of Salmon P. Chase; Practical essays on American government; American history, told by contemporaries, etc. The future of the Mississippi Valley. —The great size of the Mississippi Valley, its wonderful fertility, its natural resources, its phenomenal growth in manufactures and commerce, its rapidly increasing population, and its promise for the future, suggest the part which the States included in the Mississippi Valley may play in this country's history. Professor Hart has written the following essay on the history and the outlook of this section: There can be no doubt that the French settlers in the Mississippi Valley will (without timely precaution) greatly effect both the trade and safety of these
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Lincoln, Abraham 1809- (search)
d that vote. President Lincoln's cabinets. On the day after his first inauguration (March 5, 1861), President Lincoln nominated the following gentlemen as his constitutional advisers: William H. Seward, of New York, Secretary of State; Salmon P. Chase, of Ohio, Secretary of the Treasury; Simon Cameron, of Pennsylvania, Secretary of War; Gideon Welles, of Connecticut, Secretary of the Navy; Caleb Smith, of Indiana, Secretary of the Interior; Montgomery Blair, of Maryland, Postmaster-Generaeral. There had been previously some changes in his cabinet. At the request of the President, Montgomery Blair had resigned the office of Postmaster-General, and was succeeded by Mr. Dennison, of Ohio. On the death of Chief-Justice Taney, Salmon P. Chase had been made his successor, and the place of the latter in the cabinet had been filled by Hugh McCulloch. Assassination of the President. On the morning of April 14, 1865, General Grant arrived in Washington, and attended a meeting of
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), State of Ohio, (search)
ai Bartley18441846Whig. William Bebb18461849Whig Seabury Ford18491850Whig Reuben Wood18501853Democrat. William Medill18531854Democrat 18541856Democrat Salmon P. Chase18561860Republican. William Dennison18601862Republican. David Tod18621864Republican. John Brough18641865Republican. Charles Anderson18651866Republican. Ja26th1833 to 1839 William Allen25th to 31st1837 to 1849 Benjamin Tappan26th to 29th1839 to 1845 Thomas Corwin29th to 31st1845 to 1850 Thomas Ewing31st1850 Salmon P. Chase31st to 34th1849 to 1855 Benjamin F. Wade32d to 41st1851 to 1869 George E. Pugh34th to 37th1855 to 1861 Salmon P. Chase37th1861 John Sherman37th to 45th186Salmon P. Chase37th1861 John Sherman37th to 45th1861 to 1877 Allen G. Thurman41st to 47th1869 to1880 Stanley Matthews45th to 46th1877 to 1879 George H. Pendleton46th to 49th1879 to 1885 James A. Garfield47th1880 John Sherman47th to 54th1881 to 1897 Henry B. Payne49th to 52d1885 to 1891 Calvin C. Brice52d to 55th1891 to 1896 Joseph B. Foraker55th to ——1897 to —— Marcus A.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Peace Congresses. (search)
he majority report because it fell short of the demands of Virginia. He proposed an amendment to the Constitution that would protect the slave-holder in transporting his slaves anywhere, as property; also that should forever exclude from the ballot-box and public office persons who are in whole or in part of the African race. He also proposed an amendment recognizing the right of peaceable secession. Other propositions were submitted by members in open convention, among them one from Salmon P. Chase, of Ohio, proposing an adjournment of the convention to April 4, to enable all the States to be represented. The various propositions were earnestly discussed for several days. David Dudley Field, of New York, proposed, Feb. 26, to amend the majority report by striking out the seventh section and inserting the words, No State shall withdraw from the Union without the consent of all the States convened in pursuance of an act passed by two-thirds of each House of Congress. This was r
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Sprague, William 1830- (search)
Sprague, William 1830- Governor; born in Cranston, R. I., Sept. 12, 1830; was governor of Rhode Island in 1860-63; raised a battery of light artillery with which he took part in the battle of Bull Run; won distinction in the Peninsular campaign; refused a commission of brigadiergeneral of volunteers; and was United States Senator in 1863-75. He married Kate, daughter of Chief-Justice Salmon P. Chase. For many years he was one of the most extensive manufacturers in New England, and at the height of his fame was accounted a very wealthy man.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Stanton, Edwin McMasters 1814- (search)
had a laugh so hearty and contagious that it became characteristic of him. His imagination was through life the larger and most potent quality of his mind, and from first to last he lived in a world so tinctured by it, that his thoughts and acts were mysteries to the commonplace, matter-of-fact minds about him. He shared this peculiarity with William H. Seward, and the two made up a part of President Lincoln's cabinet quite distinctive from the other half composed of Lincoln himself and Salmon P. Chase. The President and his Secretary of the Treasury, while dissimilar in many things, were one in the way they regarded what the world is pleased to call facts. Working from such widely separated planes, it is singular how well they worked together. It seems strange to look back and contrast the Stanton of that early day, with the hard, bronze, historic figure of a war minister, whose great brain conceived and iron hand guided the terrible conflict that ended in a rebuilding of the grea
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Supreme Court, United States (search)
17801852 Peter V. Daniel, Virginia1841-601917851860 Samuel Nelson, New York1845-722717921873 Levi Woodbury, New Hampshire1845-51617891851 Robert C. Grier, Pennsylvania1846-702317941870 Benjamin R. Curtis, Massachusetts1851-57618091874 John A. Campbell, Alabama1853-61818111889 Nathan Clifford, Maine1858-812318031881 Noah H. Swayne, Ohio1861-812018041884 Samuel F. Miller, Iowa1862-902818161890 David Davis, Illinois1862-771518151886 Stephen J. Field, California1863-973418161899 Salmon P. Chase, Ohio1864-73918081873 William Strong, Pennsylvania1870-801018081895 Joseph P. Bradley, New Jersey1870-922218131892 Ward Hunt, New York1872-821018111886 Morrison R. Waite, Ohio1874-881418161888 John M. Harlan, Kentucky1877–....1833.... William B. Woods, Georgia1880-87718241887 Stanley Matthews, Ohio1881-89818241889 Horace Gray, Massachusetts1881–....1828.... Samuel Blatchford, New York1882-931118201893 Lucius Q. C. Lamar, Mississippi1888-93518251893 Melville W. Fuller, Illinoi
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