elian confederacy which developed into the maritime empire of Athens, the Aegean cities were treated as allies rather than subjects.
As regards their local affairs they were in no way interfered with, and could they have been represented in some kind of a federal council at Athens, the course of Grecian history might have been wonderfully altered.
As it was, they were all deprived of one essential element of sovereignty, the power of controlling their own military forces.
Some of them, as Chios and Mitylene, furnished troops at the demand of Athens; others maintained no troops, but paid a fixed tribute to Athens in return for her protection.
In either case they felt shorn of part of their dignity, though otherwise they had nothing to complain of; and during the Peloponnesian war Athens had to reckon with their tendency to revolt as well as with her Dorian enemies.
Such a confederation was naturally doomed to speedy overthrow.
In the century following the death of Alexander,