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Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., The first year of the War in Missouri. (search)
e, and at other times the battle of Elkhorn, the Federal general reported his losses at 203 killed, 980 wounded, and 201 missing. Van Dorn's were probably greater, and he lost heavily in good officers. McCulloch and McIntosh were killed; General Price was again wounded and narrowly escaped death; General W. Y. Slack, whom his men idolized and whom the whole army held in honor, was fatally wounded; and Colonel B. A. Rives, one of the knightliest of soldiers and bravest of gentlemen, and Churchill Clark, a heroic boy, were killed. Halleck, who had determined to make the Tennessee the great strategic line of the Western campaign, now began to concentrate all of his forces on that river and the Mississippi, in order to fight a great battle on the Tennessee, one which would settle the campaign in the West. He consequently ordered Curtis not to advance any farther into Arkansas; and sent out of Missouri all the troops that could be safely taken thence, some of them to Pope on the Miss
Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buell, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War: The Opening Battles. Volume 1., chapter 8.25 (search)
onel Marshall's Illinois cavalry regiment (full), Colonel Peabody's regiment, and a part of the 14th Missouri--in all about 2780 men, with one six-pounder, Doubtless an accidental mistake. Colonel Mulligan had 7 six-pounders (Waldschmidt, 2; Adams, 3, and Pirner, 2); Pirner also had 2 brass mortars for throwing six-inch spherical shells, of which he had but 40, which were soon exhausted. The Confederate artillery consisted of 16 guns in five batteries, as follows: Bledsoe, 4 guns; Churchill Clark,2; Guibor, 4; Kelly, 4; Kneisley, 2.-( History of Lafayette county, Missouri. ) The lack of agreement between the numbers of the Union forces as here stated, and as given by Colonel Snead on page 273, is accounted for by the latter on the supposition that Colonel Mulligan did not include in his estimate either his officers or the body of Home Guards who assisted in the defense. Colonel Snead states positively that, as adjutant-general of the Missouri troops, he paroled about 3500 p
our part, and in isolated instances. Our loss in killed does not exceed one hundred and thirty; it cannot go up to one hundred and fifty. Among them, however, are McCulloch, McIntosh, Rives, and that gallant young embodiment of chivalry, Capt. Churchill Clark. A crimson ocean drawn from Hessian and Yankee veins would be no recompense for the loss of these heroic sons of the South. Generals Price and Slack, and Col. Carneal, were, with many others, wounded, the two latter seriously. Slack alf friend and foe, at least one hundred and thirty-five in number, were in concert. Amidst this terrific cannonade, and whilst the Missourians again struggled fiercely with the foe, our army fell back. It was at this moment that the head of Churchill Clark (gallant young hero) was taken off by a shot from a rifled cannon; and here, too, Rives, the dashing hero of other fields, was killed by a wound, which, as he told me a few days before, he most dreaded, a Minie ball in the bowels. The rea
his ammunition train to come up, he closely invested the stronghold of the enemy. Rains' division occupied an advantageous position to the east and northeast of the works, from which an effective artillery fire was kept up by Bledsoe's and Churchill Clark's batteries. Parsons took position with his division and Guibor's battery southwest of the works. A part of General Steen's and Col. Congreve Jackson's commands was held in reserve. Skirmishers and sharpshooters from the commands first naater, on the same day, the Third Missouri infantry was organized, with B. A. Rives, colonel; J. A. Pritchard, lieutenant-colonel; F. L. Hubbell, major; M. Ray, quartermaster and commissary. The same day the Second battery of artillery, with Churchill Clark, captain, was organized. These forces formed the First Missouri brigade, which was placed under the command of Brig.-Gen. Henry Little, up to that time General Price's assistant adjutant-general, who was appointed brigadier-general by the R
to crush Price. The attack was furious, but the artillery and the two supporting brigades held their own with unflinching resolution. The engagement lasted two hours. The artillery was gradually withdrawn, and in firing his last shot young Churchill Clark was killed. The .enemy did not attempt to make pursuit. Indeed, the Confederates and the Missouri State troops did not know they were retreating. They thought they were making a movement to help McCulloch's wing, and fully expected to be onfederate loss was about 200 killed and 500 wounded and missing. Among the killed were General McCulloch and General McIntosh, both of whom were gallant soldiers, and their death sincerely mourned by the soldiers of both corps, and young Capt. Churchill Clark, hardly more than a boy in years, but who had fought in a dozen battles and always with great dash and courage. Among the mortally wounded were Gen. William Y. Slack, commander of the Second Missouri Confederate brigade, and Col. B. A. R
unition wagons having been at last brought up, and large reinforcements having been received, I again moved into town on Wednesday, the 18th inst., and began the final attack upon the enemy's works. Brig. Gen. Rains's division occupied a strong position on the east and northeast of the fortifications, from which an effective cannonading was kept up on the enemy by Bledsoe's battery, under command, except on the last day, of Capt. Emmett McDonald, and another battery commanded by Capt. Churchill Clark, of Rev. Louis. Both of these gentlemen, and the men and officers under their command, are deservedly commended in the accompanying report of Brig. Gen. Rains. Gen. Parsons took a position southwest of the works, whence his battery, under command of Capt. Guibor, poured a steady fire into the enemy. Skirmishers and sharpshooters were also sent forward from both of these divisions to harass and fatigue the enemy, and to cut them off from the water on the north, east, and so
ry who followed up some of our baggage trains. We brought off four more pieces of cannon than we went on the field with having lost only two pieces, which were disabled and spiked. Several of the enemy's batteries were taken, but they could not be brought off. They were dismounted and the wheels taken off, dry brush and leaves were piled on them, and they were burnt by our troops. Our list of killed and wounded is still imperfect. Col. Rives, of the Missouri Confederates, and Capt. Churchill Clark, of the Artillery, whose loss has not heretofore been mentioned, were killed. Many other officers were killed or wounded. Gen. Van-Dorn paid a high compliment to Price's army.--Many of their charges would have done credit to Napoleon's old guard. The troops in McCulloch's division, up to the time of his and McIntosh's fall, fought with the most determined gallantry and covered themselves with glory. We left the field on the second day, for the reasons given above; and yet the
: "That the thanks of Congress are hereby tendered to Gen. Gustave T. Beauregard and the other surviving officers and privates of that army for the signal exhibition of skill and gallantry displayed by them on that memorable occasion. Mr. Clark said no one could feel joy for the victory more keenly or sadness more deeply than himself for the death of Gen. Johnston; but he must think, in the absence of further information, the resolutions were premature. Mr. Henry, of Tennessee, (interrupting), stated that he had just learned from a gentleman of the House that Mr. Bruce, of Kentucky, had received a dispatch dated the 7th, which emphatically denied the death of Gen. Johnston, but stated that he was badly wounded. Mr. Clark, resuming, urged the fact as an additional reason for delay. He moved that the resolution be laid over for the present.--Agreed to. Mr. Yanoby, moved a reconsideration of the vote. A message was announced from the President (See another
ugar Creek. The great fight in Arkansas is now called the Battle of Sugar Creek. the latest and fullest details confirm the reports favorable to the South. A correspondent writes to the Savannah Republican on late direct information: Price's veterans acquitted themselves with the greatest possible credit; and McCulloch's followers, up to the unfortunate hour when he and McIntosh fell, fought with the most determined resolution. Col. Rives, of the Missouri Confederates, and Capt. Churchill Clark, in addition to many other officers, are numbered with our gallant dead. Among the wounded on the other side, was General. Curtis himself, who received a slight wound. Gen. Seigle was not wounded, as at first reported. Neither Price, Van Dorn, nor the army, have supposed that they were defeated. On the contrary, the result of the battle is equivalent to a victory for the Confederates. The enemy, though far out-numbering us, and well provided with arms and ammunition, has be