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Col. John M. Harrell, Confederate Military History, a library of Confederate States Military History: Volume 10.2, Arkansas (ed. Clement Anselm Evans) 36 6 Browse Search
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einforced or not. Should the people assemble in their defense, the governor will interpose his official position in their behalf. The adjutant-general resolved to send a dispatch in something like these words, and did so, with the immediate effect of arousing, not only the citizens of Helena and vicinity, but all the planting region which received the news, and the movement to take the arsenal was immediately set on foot. The Yell Rifles, of which that most distinguished officer, Patrick R. Cleburne, was a member, and a company of cavalry under Captain Gist, brother of Governor Gist of South Carolina, came overland, mounted and armed; the Phillips Guards, an infantry company commanded by Captain Otey, came by steamer up the Arkansas river. Several impromptu organizations came by steamer from Pine Bluff, and others by land on horseback. Soon there were several thousand men in Little Rock, assembled for the purpose of demanding the surrender of the arsenal and taking possession o
hments: The First regiment of infantry, commanded by Col. P. R. Cleburne; the Second regiment of infantry, commanded by Col. illery, Roberts' battery and Phifer's cavalry. Patrick Roanyne Cleburne, who at once became prominent in the command thus. Lincoln, the Yell Rifles entered the State service with Cleburne as their captain, Edward H. Cowley, first lieutenant, Jam in the formation of a regiment of infantry, of which Captain Cleburne was elected colonel, J. K. Patton, lieutenant-colonelber 17th he notified General Polk that he had ordered Colonel Cleburne to move with his regiment and repair the road to Poins to join the Central army of Kentucky, in which Hindman, Cleburne and Shaver soon became brigade commanders. Before leavsion of Kentucky by Kirby Smith, fighting gallantly under Cleburne in the battle of Richmond, August 30, 1862, and took a coRinggold Gap. With the Arkansas troops under the lead of Cleburne, it stood by that gallant leader unflinchingly to the clo
. R. Beall, Col. D. H. Maury, Maj. W. L. Cabell, Lieutenant-Colonel Phifer, Colonel Hebert, and Col. Tom P. Dockery, and assigned them to command as such. Brig.-Gen. W. N. R. Beall, of Arkansas, was assigned to the command of cavalry forces which had been under General Gardner, of Alabama, relieved. Shoup's, Clarkson's, Roberts', Lieutenant Thrall's section of Hubbard's, and Trigg's batteries (the latter half under command of Governor Rector) had been transferred already, and assigned to Cleburne's and Hindman's divisions—not heretofore mentioned. By special orders, at Memphis, April 24th, the brigade noted above as Roane's, under command of Lieutenant-Colonel Danley, Third cavalry, was ordered to march to Corinth with five days cooked rations. On his departure, General Van Dorn, having tendered to Gen. J. S. Roane a brigade in the army of the West, which the latter declined, assigned him to command of the forces for the defense of Arkansas, with instructions to organize and put
e ranks of the enemy, while sheer exhaustion of resources was rapidly diminishing the armies of the Confederacy. The regions of the State which were engaged in planting sent their soldiers to aid the cause. The little county of Phillips, of which Helena is the county seat, furnished the Confederate army seven generals before the termination of hostilities. They were Brig.-Gens. Archibald Dobbin, Charles W. Adams, D. C. Govan, J. C. Tappan, Lucius E. Polk and MajorGen-erals Hindman and P. R. Cleburne. The Federal army was getting ready, in July, to occupy the Arkansas valley and march upon Little Rock. On the 27th, by special orders of General Grant, Maj.-Gen. Frederick Steele was assigned to the command of the army, to take the field from Helena, and on August 11th he assumed command of all of Arkansas north of Arkansas river. His military force included the infantry divisions of Col. W. E. McLean and Gen. S. A. Rice, present for duty, 4,493; cavalry under Gen. J. W. Davidson
inted by them. VIII. The terms and conditions of this convention to extend to all officers and men of the army and navy of the Confederate States, or any of them being in or belonging to the Trans-Mississippi department. IX. Transportation and subsistence to be furnished at public cost for the officers and men (after beingparoled) to the nearest practicable point to their homes. (Signed) S. B. Buckner, Lieutenant-General and Chief of Staff. (For Gen. E. Kirby Smith.) (Signed) P. Jos. Osterhaus, Major-General of Volunteers and Chief of Staff. (For Maj.-Gen. E. R. S. Canby, commanding military division of West Mississippi.) Having carefully followed the Arkansas men in many Trans-Mississippi campaigns where fighting was frequent and hardship was familiar, we will turn attention, in the following chapters, to their comrades, under General Cleburne and other brave officers, with whom arduous and dangerous service was done on the east, as it was on the west, of the Mississippi
ssissippi in the concentration of troops there under Gen. Albert Sidney Johnston, and marched in Shaver's brigade, under Cleburne as division commander, to meet the advance of Grant at Shiloh. It took part in that engagement, under command of ColonHawthorn), Resaca, Kenesaw Mountain, Peachtree Creek, Ezra Church and Atlanta or Decatur Road. The Eighth formed part of Cleburne's division, and participated in all the battles of that hard fighting officer, up to his death at Franklin, and surrendeFellows resisted all importunities of relatives that he take the oath. The Fifteenth Arkansas was given the number of Cleburne's old regiment. The latter was distinguished by the addition Confederate. It was organized at Camden, Ark., in 1861, wecame colonel of the regiment. The Nineteenth and Eighth, consolidated under command of Col. A. L. Hutchisor served in Cleburne's division at Ringgold gap and the retreat through Georgia. A second Nineteenth Arkansas infantry was organized in Nash
ee, having crossed the Mississippi with his Arkansas command, arrived at Bowling Green, October 11th, and in a few days was sent forward to Cave City. His force there was reported on the 23d as follows: First regiment Arkansas volunteers, Col. P. R. Cleburne; Second regiment, Maj. J. W. Scaife; battalion attached to Second, Lieut.-Col. J. S. Mannaduke; Fifth regiment, Col. D. C. Cross; Sixth regiment, Col. A. T. Hawthorn; Seventh regiment, Col. R. G. Shaver; Eighth regiment, Col. W. K. Patter Col. D. C. Govan, Maj. Reuben F. Harvey; Sixth Arkansas, Col. A. T. Hawthorn; Seventh Arkansas, Lieut.-Col. J. M. Dean (killed), Maj. J. T. Martin; Third Confederate, Col. J. S. Marmaduke; Swett's Mississippi battery. Second brigade, Brig.-Gen. Patrick R. Cleburne—Fifteenth Arkansas, Lieut.-Col. A. K. Patton; Sixth Mississippi; Second, Fifth, Twenty-third and Twenty-fourth Tennessee; Trigg's and Calvert's Arkansas batteries, Captain Shoup. Third brigade, Brig.-Gen. S. A. M. Wood—Eighth Arkansas
e Arkansas division of infantry, at the battles of Pleasant Hill and Jenkins' Ferry. He continued in division command until the close of the war. Major-General Patrick R. Cleburne Major-General Patrick R. Cleburne, one of the most brilliant soldiers of the Confederate States, was a native of Ireland. When twenty-two years oMajor-General Patrick R. Cleburne, one of the most brilliant soldiers of the Confederate States, was a native of Ireland. When twenty-two years of age he joined the British army as a private, and there took his first lessons in drill and discipline. For good conduct he was promoted to the rank of corporal. After remaining three years in the British army he procured his discharge and came to America. He settled in Arkansas, became a hard student, was admitted to the bar, lant exploit, the Confederate Congress passed the following joint resolution: Resolved, that the thanks of Congress are due, and are hereby tendered to Maj.-Gen. Patrick R. Cleburne, and the officers and men under his command, for the victory obtained by them over superior forces of the enemy at Ringgold gap in the State of Georgia