ind were in operation at French's factory, Wineburne, Staffordshire, England, in 1792.
Cut-nails were first made in this country.
About 1775, Jeremiah Wilkinson of Cumberland, R. I., cut tacks from plates of sheet-metal, and afterward made nails and spikes in a similar manner, forming the heads in a vise.
Ezekiel Reed of Bridgewater, Mass., in 1786, invented a machine for cutting nails from the plate, and in 1798 obtained a patent for cutting and heading them at one operation.
Benjamin Cochran had also constructed a machine of this kind; and Josiah Person of New York, in 1794, patented a machine for cutting nails from the sheet.
Perkins's machine, invented 1790 and patented in 1795, is said to have been capable of making 200,000 nails per day.
These, and Odiorne's, which embraced some improvements upon them, attracted great attention in England, where they soon came into extensive use.
At the close of the century, 23 patents had been granted for improvements in nail-