d, from Alexandria, and from the Shenandoah Valley met. On examination, its strategical value was found to be much greater than was suspected at the beginning; Colonel Cocke, the local commander, first pointed out to Lee its important relation to the Shenandoah Valley. These two columns, he writes, under date of May 15th, one at Mabrigade of three regiments; at Blackburn's Ford, Longstreet's brigade of five regiments; above Mitchell's Ford, Bonham's brigade of five regiments; at Lewis' Ford, Cocke's brigade of portions of six regiments; at Stone Bridge, Evans' demi-brigade of a regiment and a half; Early's brigade of four regiments was posted as a reserve inmy of the Shenandoah consisted of Jackson's brigade of five regiments, posted as a support for Bonham; and Bee's brigade of four regiments, posted as a support for Cocke.
These had arrived and were in camp on the morning of the battle (July 21st). Beauregard reports their round numbers, ready for action, at 6,000 men and 20 guns.
vor to outflank and envelop the rebel left, the Union right had become so strongly turned southward that it was nearly parallel to the Sudley road.
Near the beginning of this final contest, Johnston received notice that the long-expected remainder of his Army of the Shenandoah had at length come; and before it was half over, Elzey, with Kirby Smith's brigade of three regiments, arrived near the battle-field from Manassas by the Sudley road.
By this time, too, four other regiments, two from Cocke's and two from Bonham's brigades, also came up from the nearer fords.
These seven fresh regiments, thrown opportunely by the rebel commander into the woods west of the Sudley road, directly against the exposed Union right flank, created a numerical overweight, which affords sufficient explanation of the Union repulse at that point.
But now, at half-past 4 in the afternoon, when the Union reinforcements were exhausted, the rebel accessions still continued: Early with three regiments arri