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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 12 0 Browse Search
The Daily Dispatch: December 29, 1865., [Electronic resource] 2 0 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Arctic exploration. (search)
ail from a port in Kamtchatka. In that region Bering perished. Russian navigators tried in vain to solve the problem. Between 1769 and 1772 Samuel Hearne made three overland journeys in America to the Arctic Ocean. The British government having, in 1743, offered $100,000 to the crew who should accomplish a northwest passage, stimulated efforts in that direction. Captain Phipps (Lord Mulgrave) attempted to reach the north pole in 1773; and before setting out on his last voyage (1776), Captain Cook was instructed to attempt to penetrate the polar sea by Bering Strait. He went only as far as 70° 45′. In 1817 Captain Ross and Lieutenant Parry sailed for the polar sea from England; and the same year Captain Buchan and Lieutenant (Sir John) Franklin went in an easterly direction on a similar errand, namely, to reach the north pole. At this time the chief object of these explorations was scientific, and not commercial. Buchan and Franklin went by way of Spitzbergen; but they only pene
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Charlestown, (search)
Charlestown, A town in West Virginia, where on Dec. 2, 1859, John Brown was hung, and on the 16th, Green, Copeland, Cook, and Coppoc, and on March 16, 1860, Stephens and Hazlett. See Brown, John.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Hutchings, William 1764- (search)
Hutchings, William 1764- Continental soldier; born in York, Me., Oct. 6, 1764. He and Lemuel Cook, another of the late survivors, were born the same year, and died the same month. They were the last survivors of the soldiers in the Revolutionary War. When William was four years old the family removed to Plantation Number Three, at the William Hutchings. mouth of the Penobscot (now Castine). There, on a farm, which his descendants occupied, he continued to live until his death, May 2, annual pension of $21.60 until 1865, when an annual gratuity of $300 was granted by Congress to each of the five Revolutionary soldiers then supposed to be living. Only four of the number lived to receive this gratuity. William Hutchings and Lemuel Cook were the last. In 1865, when over 100 years of age, he received an invitation from the city authorities of Bangor to join in the celebration of the Fourth of July there. He accepted it. A revenue-cutter conveyed him from Castine to Bango
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Ledyard, John 1751- (search)
Ledyard, John 1751- Explorer; born in Groton, Conn., in 1751; was educated at Dartmouth College for a missionary to the Indians, and spent several months among the Six Nations. Having a resistless desire for travel, he shipped at New London as a common sailor, and from England accompanied Captain Cook in his last voyage around the world as corporal of marines. He vainly tried to set on foot a trading expedition to the northwest coast of North America, and went to Europe in 1784. He started on a journey through the northern part of Europe and Asia and across Bering Strait to America in 1786-87. He walked around the whole coast of the Gulf of Bothnia, reaching St. Petersburg in the latter part of March, 1787, without money, shoes, or stockings. He had journeyed 1,400 miles on foot in less than seven weeks. Thence he went to Siberia, but was arrested at Irkutsk in February, 1788, conducted to the frontiers of Poland, and there dismissed with an intimation that if he returned in
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Lewis, Meriwether (search)
At twenty-three he was promoted to a captaincy; and, always attracting the first attention where punctuality and fidelity were requisite, he was appointed paymaster to his regiment. About this time a circumstance occurred which, leading to the transaction which is the subject of this book, will justify a recurrence to its original idea. While I resided in Paris, John Ledyard, of Connecticut, arrived there, well known in the United States for energy of body and mind. He had accompanied Captain Cook on his voyage to the Pacific Ocean, and distinguished himself on that voyage by his intrepidity. Being of a roaming disposition, he was now panting for some new enterprise. His immediate object at Paris was to engage a mercantile company in the fur-trade of the western coast of America, in which, however, he failed. I then proposed to him to go by land to Kamchatka, cross in some of the Russian vessels to Nootka Sound, fall down into the latitude of the Missouri, and penetrate to, an
if at all. Assumption of War Debt. It is reported that the Appropriation Committee intends to report to the House a bill providing for the assumption of the war debts of the loyal States by the General Government. Revolutionary Pensioners. But two survivors of all those who participated in the war of the Revolution, so far as known by the Commissioner of Pensions, remain, namely: William Hutchings, of Penobscot, Hancock county, Maine, aged one hundred and one years, and Lemuel Cook, of Clarendon, Orleans county, New York, aged ninety-nine years. It is probable that one year more will close the list of the surviving heroes of that struggle which opened a new era upon the world. But five widows of our Revolutionary forefathers draw pensions from the Government, at a yearly amount of $293.76. It is supposed that Congress will vote them an additional pension. French Minister. The Cabinet meeting to-day was very brief and comparatively unimportant. The quid nu