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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 3 1 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), North Carolina, State of (search)
arter for the domain granted to Heath. They had begged it from the King under the pretence of a pious zeal for the propagation of the Gospel among the heathen. These courtiers were the covetous and time-serving premier and historian, the Earl of Clarendon; George Monk, who, for his conspicuous and treacherous services in the restoration of the monarch to the throne of England, had been created Duke of Albemarle; Lord Craven, the supposed dissolute husband of the Queen of Bohemia; Sir Anthony Ashley Cooper, afterwards Earl of Shaftesbury; Sir John Colleton, a corrupt loyalist, who had played false to Cromwell; Lord John Berkeley and his brother, then governor of Virginia (see Berkeley, Sir William), and Sir George Carteret (q. v.), a proprietor of Seal of the State of North Carolina. New Jersey—a man passionate, ignorant, and not too honest. When the petitioners presented their memorial to King Charles, in the garden at Hampton Court, the merrie monarch, after looking each A N
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Shaftesbury, Earl of (Anthony Ashley Cooper) 1621- (search)
Shaftesbury, Earl of (Anthony Ashley Cooper) 1621- Statesman; born in Wimborne, Dorsetshire, England, July 22, 1621; represented Tewkesbury in the Short Parliament in 1640; first supported Charles I. in the civil war, but in 1644 joined the Parliament troops, acted with vigor, served in Cromwell's Parliaments, and was one of the councillors of state. He retired in 1654, and in Parliament was a leader of the opposition to Cromwell's measures. Active in the overthrow of the Second Protectorate, he was one of the commissioners who went to Breda to invite Charles II. to come to England. The grateful King made him governor of the Isle of Wight, chancellor of the exchequer, and one of the privy council. In 1661 he was created Baron Ashley, and was one of the commission for the trial of the regicides, whom he zealously prosecuted. Charles had granted to him and several other favorites the vast domain of Carolina (1663), and he was employed with Locke in framing a scheme of gover