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ate soldier in time of war or peace, for it must be remembered that the country traversed is uninhabited. The commanding general of this department issued an order last summer fixing the period of the payments at four months, which I thought the circumstances of the case called for, and which has been productive of no detriment whatever to the public service; since then the interior line has been established, making the travel much greater. In conclusion, I beg leave to refer you to Colonel Cooper for the best information with regard to this district, and to say that I will endeavor to execute faithfully whatever order you may deem it proper to give with regard to the period of the payment. General Johnston, in a letter of August 10, 1854, to his daughter, gives this account of his tours of duty: My dear daughter: I received your beautiful letter on my return from my last tour to the military posts, and have had necessarily to defer my answer until I could get off to Wash
eadquarters at such point as, in his judgment, will best secure the purposes of the command. By command of the Secretary of War: John Withers, Assistant Adjutant-General. He was further directed to go by Nashville, confer with Governor Harris, and then decide upon the steps to be taken. The rank of general, the highest in the Confederate army, had been created by law, and five officers had been appointed by the President and assigned to duty with the following relative rank: 1. S. Cooper (the adjutant-general); 2. A. S. Johnston; 3. R. E. Lee; 40 J. E. Johnston; 5. G. T. Beauregard. General J. E. Johnston regarded himself as entitled by law to the first place, and engaged in a controversy with the President relative thereto, the points of which he has perpetuated in his Narrative (pages 70-72). It is needless here to enter on a discussion of the merits of this question; but it is proper to say that it was one of no concern to General A. S. Johnston. President Davis has fre
ight three-fifths of his command will have arrived, and the whole of the remainder will be en route tomorrow. Deficiency of rolling-stock did not permit me to make his movement more compact. Respectfully, A. S. Johnston, General C. S. A. General Cooper, Adjutant-General, Richmond. The following letter to the adjutant-general discloses more fully General Johnston's situation at this date: headquarters, Western division, Bowling Green, Kentucky, October 17, 1861. General: I informed y this will be sufficient; and, if reinforcements from less endangered or less important points can be spared, I would be glad to receive them. I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant, A. S. Johnston, General 0. S. A. General S. Cooper., Adjutant and Inspector-General, Richmond. The Confederate army assembled near Bowling Green numbered, as stated, 12,000 men. This included about 6,000 under Buckner; 4,000 under Hardee, who had left 1,600 behind him, half of them sick; an
m to the adjutant-general: The battle commenced on the 6th of April. We attacked the enemy in a strong position in front of Pittsburg; and, after a severe battle of ten hours, duration, thanks be to the Almighty, we gained a complete victory, driving the enemy from every position. The loss on both sides is heavy, including the commander-in-chief, General A. S. Johnston, who fell gallantly leading his troops into the thickest of the fight. G. T. Beauregard, General commanding. To General S. Cooper, Adjutant-General. General Beauregard's brief report of the conclusion of Sunday's battle is as follows: The chief command then devolved upon me, though at the time I was greatly prostrated and suffering from the prolonged sickness with which I had been afflicted since early in February. The responsibility was one which, in my physical condition, I would have gladly avoided, though cast upon me when our forces were successfully pushing the enemy back upon the Tennessee River
,000 men, at least, arrayed against us on that day. In connection with the results of the battle I should state that the most of our men who had inferior arms exchanged them for the improved arms of the enemy. Also, that most of the property, public and personal, in the camp from which the enemy was driven on Sunday, was rendered useless or greatly damaged, except some of the tents. With this are transmitted certain papers, to wit: Order of movements, marked A. A list of the killed and wounded, marked B. A list of captured flags, marked C; and a map of the field of battle, marked D. All of which is respectfully submitted through my volunteer aide-de-camp, Colonel Jacob Thompson, of Mississippi, who has in charge the flags, standards, and colors, captured from the enemy. I have the honor to be, general, your obedient servant, G. T. Beauregard, General commanding. To General S. Cooper, Adjutant and Inspector-General Confederate States Army, Richmond, Va.