Of the two dukes, who, at this epoch of the culminating power of the aristocracy, guided the external policy of England, each hastened the independence of America.
Newcastle, who was childless, depended on office for all his pleasure;—Bedford, though sometimes fond of place, was too proud to covet it always.
Newcastle had no passion but business, which he conducted in a fretful hurry, and never finished;—the graver Bedford, though fond of theatricals and jollity,
Pelham to Newcastle in Coxe's Pelham Administration, II. 365. was yet capable of persevering in a system
chap. I.} 1748. Newcastle was of so fickle a head, and so treacherous a heart, that Walpole called his name Perfidy;
Lord John Russell's Introduction to the Bedford Correspondence, i. XXVI. Henry Fox, the first Lord Holland, said, he had no friends, and deserved none; and Lord Halifax used to revile him, in the strongest terms, as a knave and a fool;
Bubb Dodington's Diary, 206. he was too unstable to be led b