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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 47 1 Browse Search
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Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Border States, (search)
to Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, Kentucky, and Missouri, during the Civil Wa.r, because they were located on the border line between the free and the slave States. At the suggestion of Virginia, a Border State Convention was held at Frankfort, Ky., on March 27, 1861. The Unionists in Kentucky had elected nine of their representatives and the Confederates one. The convention was a failure. No delegates from Virginia appeared, and only five besides those from Kentucky. the venerable John J. Crittenden presided. Four of the five outside of Kentucky were from Missouri. and one from Tennessee. The wrongs of the South and the sectionalism of the North were spoken of as the principal cause of the trouble at hand. It condemned rebellion, but did not ask the loyal people to put it down. Its chief panacea for existing evils was, in substance, the Crittenden Compromise; and the convention regarded the national protection and fostering of the slave system as essential to the best hopes o
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Breckinridge, John Cabell, -1875 (search)
Breckinridge, John Cabell, -1875 Statesman; born near Lexington, Ky., Jan. 21, John Cabell Breckinridge. 1821. Studying law at the Transylvania Institute, he began its practice at Lexington. He served as major in the war with Mexico; was a member of his State legislature; and from 1851 to 1855 was in Congress. President Pierce tendered him the mission to Spain, which he declined. In March, 1857, he became Vice-President, under Buchanan, and succeeded John J. Crittenden in the Senate of the United States in 1861. He was then a defeated candidate for the Presidency. His friendship for the Confederates caused his expulsion from the Senate in December, 1861, when he joined the Confederate army and was made a major-general, Aug. 5, 1862. He was active at various points during the remainder of the war. Breckinridge was Secretary of War of the Confederacy when it fell (1865), and soon afterwards departed for Europe, returning to his native State in a short time. He was the youn
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Cabinet, President's (search)
Jan. 28,1807 William Pinkney Dec. 11,1811 Richard Rush Feb. 10,1814 William WirtNov.13,1817 John M. BerrienMarch 9,1829 Roger B. TaneyJuly 20,1831 Benjamin F. ButlerNov. 15,1833 Felix Grundy July 5,1838 Henry D. GilpinJan. 11,1840 John J. Crittenden March 5,1841 Hugh S. LegareSept.13,1841 John Nelson July 1,1843 John Y. MasonMarch 6,1845 Nathan Clifford Oct. 17,1846 Isaac Toucey June 21,1848 Reverdy Johnson March 8,1849 John J. Crittenden July 22,1850 Caleb Cushing March 7,John J. Crittenden July 22,1850 Caleb Cushing March 7,1853 Jeremiah S. BlackMarch 6,1857 Edwin M. StantonDec. 20,1860 Edward Bates March 5,1861 Titian J. Coffey, ad interim.June 22,1863 James Speed Dec. 2,1864 Henry Stanbery July 23,1866 William M. EvartsJuly 15,1868 E. Rockwood HoarMarch 5,1869 Amos T. Ackerman June 23,1870 George H. WilliamsDec. 14,1871 Edwards Pierrepont April26,1875 Alphonso Taft May 22,1876 Charles Devens March12,1877 Wayne MacVeagh March 5,1881 Benjamin H. BrewsterDec. 19,1881 Name.Appointed. Augustus H
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Congress, National (search)
K. Sebastian and Charles B. Mitchell, of Arkansas; and John Hemphill and Louis T. Wigfall, of Texas. On July 13 the places of Mason and Hunter were filled by John S. Carlisle and W. J. Willey, appointed by the legislature of reorganized (West) Virginia. On the same day John B. Clark, of Missouri, was expelled from the House of Representatives. Every measure for the suppression of the rebellion proposed by the President and heads of departments was adopted. On the 19th the venerable J. J. Crittenden, who was then a member of the House of Representatives, offered a joint resolution, That the present deplorable Civil War has been forced upon the country by the disunionists of the Southern States, now in revolt against the constitutional government and in arms around the capital: that in this national emergency, banishing all feelings of mere passion or resentment, we will recollect only our duty to our country; that this war is not waged, on our part, in any spirit of oppression, nor
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Crittenden, George Bibb 1812-1880 (search)
Crittenden, George Bibb 1812-1880 Military officer; born in Russellville, Ky., March 20, 1812; graduated at West Point in 1832. He resigned the next year, served in the war against Mexico (1846-48) under General Scott, joined the Confederates, and became a major-general and, with Zollicoffer, was defeated in the battle at Mill Spring, in January, 1862. He was a son of John J. Crittenden. He died in Danville, Ky., Nov. 27, 1880.
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Crittenden, John Jordon 1787- (search)
Crittenden, John Jordon 1787- Statesman; born in Woodford county, Ky., Sept. 10, 1787; was aide-de-camp to Governor Shelby at the battle of the Thames; became aost he held when President Fillmore appointed him Attorney-General in 1850. Mr. Crittenden was one of the most useful and trustworthy of the members of the national ls the patriarch of the Senate. In the session of 1860-61 he introduced the Crittenden compromise, which substantially proposed: 1. To re-establish the line fixed adjoining States of Maryland and Virginia, without the consent of the John Jordon Crittenden. inhabitants thereof, nor without just compensation made to the owners y law, or might hereafter be allowed. In addition to these amendments, Senator Crittenden offered four joint resolutions, declaring substantially as follows: 1. T any amendment of that instrument interfering with slavery in any State. Senator Crittenden's term in the Senate expiring in March, 1861, he entered the Lower House
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Crittenden, Thomas Leonidas 1815- (search)
Crittenden, Thomas Leonidas 1815- Military officer; second son of John J. Crittenden; born in Russellville, Ky., May 15, 1815; studied law with his father, and became commonwealth's attorney in 1842. He served under General Taylor in the war against Mexico, and when the latter became President of the United States he sent Crittenden to Liverpool as United States consul. He returned in 1853, and in September, 1861, was made a brigadier-general and assigned a command under General Buell. For gallantry in the battle of Shiloh he was promoted to major-general of volunteers and assigned a division in the Army of the Tennessee. He afterwards commanded the left wing of the Army of the Ohio under General Buell. Then he served under Rosecrans, taking part in the battles at Stone River and Chickamauga. His corps was among the routed of the army in the last-named battle. He commanded a division of the 9th Corps in the campaign against Richmond in 1864. In March, 1865, he was brevett
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Harrison, William Henry 1773-1812 (search)
eigs by the British and Indians followed in May. The attack on Fort Stephenson (see Stephenson, Fort) followed, and the summer of 1813 was passed in completing arrangements for the invasion of Canada. The veteran Isaac Shelby, then governor of Kentucky, joined Harrison at Camp Seneca, with about 4,000 mounted volunteers from his State. He had called for a certain number, and twice as many came as he asked for. They were gathered at Newport and Cincinnati. With Maj. John Adair and John J. Crittenden as his aides, Governor Shelby pressed forward towards Lake Erie. Col. Richard M. Johnson's troop was among Shelby's men. Harrison was rejoiced to see them come. Perry had secured the coveted control of Lake Erie, and thus reinforced and encouraged, Harrison moved immediately, and on Sept. 15-16, 1813, the whole army of the Northwest—excepting some troops holding Fort Meigs and minor posts—were on the borders of the lake, at a point now called Port Clinton. General McArthur, who had
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Kansas, (search)
s acceptance and ratification. In that message, referring to the opinion of Chief-Justice Taney, the President said: It has been solemnly adjudged, by the highest judicial tribunal known to our laws, that slavery exists in Kansas by virtue of the Constitution of the United States; Kansas is, therefore, at this moment, as much a slave State as Georgia or South Carolina. The constitution was accepted by the Senate by a vote of 32 against 25, but in the House a substitute offered by Senator John J. Crittenden, of Kentucky, was adopted, which provided for the resubmission of the Lecompton constitution to the citizens of Kansas. It was done, and that instrument was again rejected by 10,000 majority. The political power in Kansas was now in the hands of the opponents of slavery; and, finally, at the close of January, 1861, that Territory was admitted into the Union as a freelabor State. During the political excitement in Kansas there was actual civil war, and some blood was shed. Ear
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing), Kentucky, (search)
6 James Clark1836 to 1837 C. A. Wickliffe1837 to 1840 Robert P. Letcher1840 to 1844 William Owsley1844 to 1848 John J. Crittenden1848 to 1850 John L. Helm1850 to 1851 Lazarus W. Powell1851 to 1855 Charles S. Morehead1855 to 1859 Beriah Magof16 Jessie Bledsoe13th to 14th1813 to 1815 Isham Talbot14th to 19th1815 to 1825 Martin D. Hardin14th1816 to 1817 John J. Crittenden15th1817 to 1819 Richard M. Johnson16th to 21st1819 to 1829 William Logan16th1819 to 1820 John Rowan19th1825 George M. Bibb21st to 24th1829 to 1835 Henry Clay22d to 27th1831 to 1842 John J. Crittenden24th to 30th1835 to 1848 James T. Morehead27th1842 Thomas Metcalfe30th1848 to 1849 Joseph R. Underwood30th to 32d1847 to 1852 Henry Clay31st to 32d1849 to 1852 David Meriwether32d1852 Archibald Dixon32d to 33d1852 to 1855 John B. Thompson33d1853 John J. Crittenden34th to 37th1855 to 1861 Lazarus W. Powell36th to 39th1859 to 1865 John C. Breckinridge37th1861 Garrett Davis37th to 42d1861 to 1872 J
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