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The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 4: The Cavalry (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller) 76 2 Browse Search
Harper's Encyclopedia of United States History (ed. Benson Lossing) 35 3 Browse Search
Cambridge History of American Literature: volume 3 (ed. Trent, William Peterfield, 1862-1939., Erskine, John, 1879-1951., Sherman, Stuart Pratt, 1881-1926., Van Doren, Carl, 1885-1950.) 9 1 Browse Search
Colonel Theodore Lyman, With Grant and Meade from the Wilderness to Appomattox (ed. George R. Agassiz) 6 0 Browse Search
Robert Stiles, Four years under Marse Robert 4 0 Browse Search
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Browsing named entities in The Photographic History of The Civil War: in ten volumes, Thousands of Scenes Photographed 1861-65, with Text by many Special Authorities, Volume 4: The Cavalry (ed. Francis Trevelyan Miller). You can also browse the collection for George Armstrong Custer or search for George Armstrong Custer in all documents.

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rmy at Gettysburg owed much to the cavalry. As Gettysburg was the turning-point in the fortunes of the Union army, it also marked an epoch in the development of the cavalry, trained in methods which were evolved from no foreign text-books, but from stern experience on the battlefields of America. The Second Cavalry Division under Gregg patrolled the right flank of the Federal army, with occasional skirmishing, until Stuart's arrival July 3d with the Confederate horse. Gregg's division and Custer's brigade were then on the right of the line. The ensuing cavalry battle was one of the fiercest of the war. W. H. F. Lee's brigade made the first charge for Stuart, as did the First Michigan Cavalry for Gregg. Countercharge followed upon charge. In a dash for a Confederate battleflag, Captain Newhall was received by its bearer upon the point of the spear-head and hurled to the ground. Finally the Confederate brigades withdrew behind their artillery, and the danger that Stuart would stri
orable J. R. Poinsett, Secretary of War. These drill regulations were in the main a translation from the French, and although occasional attempts were made to improve them, they continued in use by the Eastern cavalry of the Union armies throughout the Well-groomed officers of the thirteenth New York cavalry Many of the Federal cavalry officers were extremely precise in the matter of dress, paying equal attention to their horses' equipment, in order to set a good example to their men. Custer was a notable example. This photograph shows full dress, fatigue dress, a properly equipped charger, an orderly, sentry, cavalry sabres and the short cavalry carbine. Except for the absence of revolvers, it is an epitome of the dress and equipment which the Federal Government supplied lavishly to its troopers during the latter half of the war. At the outset, the volunteer cavalrymen were required to supply their own horses, a proper allowance being made for food and maintenance. In 1861,
ade bore the brunt. It ran, and the race extended over five miles. Custer, however, saved his artillery and crossed Broad Run in safety. On the 28th of February following, Custer made a brilliant, and in the main successful, foray from Madison Court House into Charlottesville, wi. At this time General Fitzhugh Lee was at Louisa Court House, and Custer, with his characteristic boldness, took an unguarded road around Hat hand was Thompson's battery, wholly unmindful of danger, and this Custer essayed to take. But Colonel Chew, commander of the battalion of a to which this belonged, deployed a South Carolina regiment to hold Custer in check until he could get another battery into position. This heith regret for this knightly soldier and generous man. compelled Custer to relinquish his well-earned gains and betake himself to flight, while all his plunder fell into Rosser's hands. Custer, however, remained that night near Trevilian, from which Rosser strove to drive him,
he Union prisoners confined therein. General Meade assisted the raid by demonstrations against Lee's left and by sending Custer on a minor raid into Albemarle County. It was supposed, at the time, that Richmond was comparatively defenseless, and th's pickets, found the foe in force about three miles from Trevilian, posted behind heavy timber. At about the same time, Custer was sent by a wood road to destroy Trevilian Station, where he captured the Confederate wagons, caissons, and led horses. Assured of Custer's position, Sheridan dismounted Torbert's two remaining brigades, and aided by one of Gregg's, carried the Confederate works, driving Hampton's division back on Custer, and even through his lines. Gregg's other brigade had meanCuster, and even through his lines. Gregg's other brigade had meanwhile attacked Fitzhugh Lee, causing the entire opposing cavalry to retire on Gordonsville. Following this victory, Sheridan continued his raid and finally reached White House on the Pamunkey, on June 20th, where he found orders directing him to b
to McClellan's former starting-point, White House on the Pamunkey. The control of the waterways, combined with Sheridan's efficient use of the cavalry, made this an easy matter. Torbert's division encountered Gordon's brigade of Confederate cavalry at Hanovertown and drove it in the direction of Hanover Court House. Gregg's division moved up to this line; Russell's division of infantry encamped near the river-crossing in support, and behind the mask thus formed the Army of the Potomac crossed the Pamunkey on May 28th unimpeded. Gregg was then ordered to reconnoiter towards Mechanicsville, and after a severe fight at Hawes' shop he succeeded (with the assistance of Custer's brigade) in driving Hampton's and Fitzhugh Lee's cavalry divisions and Butler's brigade from the field. Although the battle took place immediately in front of the Federal infantry, General Meade declined to put the latter into action, and the battle was won by the cavalry alone. It was not to be the last time.
and took position to the left of Kilpatrick. Custer's brigade had been detached to report to Gregg In consequence of this important information, Custer's brigade, which had been ordered back to Kilp Federal cavalry at Gettysburg: Pleasonton and Custer, three months before the battle. This martinst the right of the line. General Gregg held Custer's brigade, which had been ordered back to the . The other Union divisions being brought up, Custer with his own brigade, supported by Chapman's bn which all three of the brigades joined. General Custer describes the scene in graphic language: t granary of the Confederacy. A month later Custer encountered three brigades of Confederate cavay pushed back the flanks. Finally Merritt and Custer ordered a charge along the whole line, and at ederates broke. flanks gave way, Merritt and Custer ordered a charge along their entire line. Theek, after desperate and exhausting fighting by Custer's and Devin's divisions, it was Crook with his
eneral, United States Army (Retired) Custer and his dog Sheridan and his right-hand menral Devin stands with his hand on his hip, and Custer leans easily back in his chair. This is a cerch leader wears the uniform of his rank. Even Custer has abandoned his favorite velvet suit. togetng slightly forward in an attentive position. Custer alertly surveys his chief. But Sheridan, his , Pleasonton, Hampton, Lomax, Butler, Wheeler, Custer, Forrest, Grierson, Morgan, Kilpatrick, and ott battle. At the time this picture was taken, Custer was a brigadier-general in command of the secodivision of General Pleasonton's cavalry. General Custer's impetuosity finally cost him his own lifthe hands of the Sioux Indians June 25, 1876. Custer was born in 1839 and graduated at West Point irt sabreurs with his revolver. General George Armstrong Custer personal recollections of a calvania, June, 1863) that the brigade first saw Custer. As the men of the Sixth, armed with their Sp[3 more...]
t, and the quivering nostrils were flecked with foam at the end of the twenty-mile dash that brought hope and courage to an army and turned defeat into the overwhelming victory of Cedar Creek. Sheridan himself was as careful of his appearance as Custer was irregular in his field dress. He was always careful of his horse. but in the field decked him in nothing more elaborate than a plain McClellan saddle and army blanket. should never fall into the hands of a person that would ill-treat him.n its owner was given command of the entire cavalry corps of the Army of the Potomac on June 7, 1863. This photograph was taken at Falmouth, Va., in the latter year. General Pleasonton is riding the same charger in the photograph of himself and Custer used to illustrate the battle of Gettysburg on page 237. property of the general, who paid $200 in currency for him. He changed the name of his charger to Traveller and from the date of purchase it became almost a daily sight to see the command